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Submit a Doctoral Dissertation - Default - Penn State Graduate School

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roe vs wade essay Because neither interest is compelling before the second trimester, the State may not regulate abortion in the first trimester either to thesis graduate preserve the woman’s health or to protect the life of the unborn child. Id . at 163. After the essayist first trimester, however, the State may regulate the performance of an abortion, but only for the purpose of preserving the school penn state woman’s health, not for descriptive essays in third, the purpose of protecting the life of the unborn child. After viability, the school penn State may regulate, and even prohibit, abortion to protect the life of the theses full text unborn child, except when the performance of the abortion is necessary to preserve the life or health of the woman. Id . at 164-65 (summarizing holdings).

The abortion statutes challenged in Roe , which prohibited abortion throughout pregnancy except to save the life of the mother, did not conform to the Court’s “trimester” framework. Thesis School Penn State! Accordingly, they were declared unconstitutional. Id . at 164. In Roe , the Court also held that an unborn child is not a “person” as that word is cover for lab level used in § 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment and, therefore, is not protected by either the Due Process Clause or the Equal Protection Clause, id . at 156-59, a holding from which no Justice on the Court – then or since – has dissented. In Roe’s companion case of Doe v. Bolton , 410 U.S. 179 (1973), decided the same day as Roe , the Court struck down various procedural requirements imposed by a Georgia abortion statute based on § 230.3 of the Model Penal Code (that the graduate abortion be performed in a licensed and accredited hospital, that the know procedure be approved by the majority of a medical staff committee of the hospital, and that two other physicians in thesis graduate penn state, addition to the attending physician certify that the essay growing abortion was necessary for one of the reasons specified in the statute).

3 410 U.S. at 192-200. The Court also rejected a vagueness challenge to thesis penn what remained of the substance of the theses text statute after major provisions of the thesis graduate school statute had been declared unconstitutional by a federal district court. Id . at 191-92. 4 Both Justice Byron White and Justice William Rehnquist dissented from the opinions in Roe and Doe striking down the Texas and essays in third person Georgia abortion statutes. Roe , 410 U.S. at 171 (Rehnquist, J., dissenting); Doe , 410 U.S. at 221 (White, J., dissenting from both opinions); id . at 223 (Rehnquist, J., dissenting).

I. The Origins of a Constitutional Right ^ top. Roe , as noted in the Introduction, was based on the right of privacy. As Roe itself acknowledged, however, “[t]he Constitution does not explicitly mention any right of privacy. 410 U.S. at 152. Nevertheless, in thesis school penn, a line of decisions going back to the late nineteenth century, “the Court has recognized that a right of personal privacy, or a guarantee of certain areas or zones of essays in third, privacy, does exist under the Constitution. Id . This right of privacy, “founded in the Fourteenth Amendment’s concept of personal liberty, the Court in Roe held, “is broad enough to encompass a woman’s decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy. Id . at 153. The roots of a right of personal privacy have been found in the U.S. Constitution in the following places: in the free speech guarantee of the First Amendment, which has been held to protect the graduate state possession of essays, pornography in one’s home, Stanley v. Georgia , 394 U.S.

557, 564 (1969); in thesis penn, the Fourth Amendment, which secures the right of the people against growing up native “unreasonable searches and thesis school seizures of growing, their “persons, homes, papers and effects, and thesis penn state the Fifth Amendment, which prohibits compulsory self-incrimination, see Boyd v. United States , 116 U.S. 616, 630 (1886) (Fourth and Fifth Amendments protect against all governmental invasions “of the sanctity of a man’s home and the privacies of cyberbullying essays, life”); in the Ninth Amendment, which preserves other rights not enumerated in the Constitution, Griswold v. Connecticut , 381 U.S. 479, 486 (1965) (striking down statute prohibiting use of contraceptives by married couples) (Goldberg, J., concurring) ; in the “penumbras (shades) of the Bill of Rights as a whole, Griswold , 381 U.S. at 484-85 ; and in the liberty language of the Due Process Clause of § 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment, Meyer v. Nebraska , 262 U.S. 390, 399 (1923) (striking down a state statute forbidding the teaching of any subject in any language other than English, or the teaching of modern foreign languages below the thesis penn eighth grade). The right of privacy, the cover technician entry Court in Roe noted, also has “some extension to thesis graduate school penn activities relating to marriage, . . . procreation, . . Theses! . Graduate School Penn State! family relationships, . Cover Letter! . . and child rearing and thesis graduate education. 410 U.S. at 152-53 , citing the cyberbullying essays following cases: Loving v. Virginia , 388 U.S. 1, 12 (1967), recognizing liberty interest in marrying the person of one’s choice; Skinner v. Oklahoma , 316 U.S. 535, 541-42 (1942), striking down statute mandating sterilization of certain recidivists; Eisenstadt v. Baird , 405 U.S. 438 (1972), striking down statute prohibiting distribution of contraceptives to unmarried persons; Prince v. Massachusetts , 321 U.S.

158, 166 (1944), recognizing authority of thesis graduate school, parents over their children, but upholding child labor laws as applied to the children of Jehovah’s Witnesses who were distributing religious literature in exchange for voluntary contributions; Pierce v. Descriptive! Society of Sisters ,268 U.S. 510, 535 (1925), striking down statute mandating public education of children between the ages of eight and sixteen; and Meyer v. Nebraska (holding described above). II. Critique of Roe’s Privacy Theory ^ top. The Supreme Court’s reliance on privacy theory to support a right to abortion is problematical at several levels. First, as the Court itself recognized, Roe , 410 U.S. at 152, the Constitution itself “does not expressly mention any right of privacy.” To be sure, as Justice Hugo Black noted in graduate school penn state, his dissent in Griswold v. Connecticut , 381 U.S. 479, 508-10 (1965) (Black, J., dissenting), various provisions of the Bill of Rights protect specific privacy interests, for example, the First Amendment’s right of associational privacy, the Fourth Amendment’s protection against cyberbullying unreasonable searches and seizures and the Fifth Amendment’s prohibition of compelled self-incrimination. But the Constitution does not create a general right of privacy. See , e.g ., Katz v. United States , 389 U.S.

347, 350 (1967) (Fourth Amendment, which “protects individual privacy against certain kinds of governmental intrusions,” “cannot be translated into a general constitutional ‘right to privacy’”). Recognition of a “general constitutional ‘right to privacy’” cannot be reconciled with the care with which the Framers of the thesis school state Bill of Rights described the specific rights that were being secured. Second, the concept of “privacy” is amorphous and chameleon (or, in Justice Black’s words, “broad, abstract and ambiguous,” Griswold , 381 U.S. at 509 ). Roe’ s attempt to collect cases under the rubric of descriptive essays in third person, “privacy” – a term that does not even appear in most of the cases cited – simply creates an artificial common denominator among a very disparate and largely unrelated group of school penn, cases that have nothing to do with the subject of abortion, as the Court in Roe freely admitted: “The situation [involving a pregnant woman and her unborn child] . . . is inherently different from marital intimacy, or bedroom possession of obscene material, or marriage, or procreation, or education, with which Eisenstadt and Griswold , Stanley , Loving , Skinner , and Pierce and Meyer were respectively concerned.” 410 U.S. at 159 (emphasis added). Essays! 6 If a pregnant woman’s decision whether or not to school state carry her pregnancy to term is “inherently different” from all of the “privacy” cases on which the Court relied, then it is difficult to understand how those cases could possibly support recognition of a right to obtain an abortion. Third, most of the cases Roe cited in support of its privacy theory were decided under one or another of the provisions in the Bill of Rights. Walter Essayist! Roe itself, however, derived the right of privacy (and a subsidiary right to abortion) from the thesis graduate liberty language in the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, 410 U.S. at 153, not from any of the specific guarantees set forth in the Bill of Rights.

That directly contradicted the Court’s express refusal, only a few years earlier in walter essayist, Griswold , 381 U.S. at 481-82, to rely upon the Due Process Clause in postulating a right of privacy. Fourth, even with respect to the Due Process Clause, the Court no longer examines substantive due process claims (of which, more below) through the lens of privacy, and that includes the thesis graduate penn state subject of abortion. Cyberbullying Essays! In reaffirming the “core holding” of Roe – that the State may not prohibit abortion before viability for thesis graduate school penn state, any reason or after viability if the pregnant woman’s life or health would be endangered by continuing the pregnancy – the Court, in Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. 833, 846-53 (1992), relied upon the liberty language of the essay growing Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, not upon privacy theory. 7 See also Cruzan v. Director , Missouri Dep’t of Health , 497 U.S. 261, 279 n. 7 (1990) (analyzing right to refuse unwanted medical treatment “in terms of a Fourteenth Amendment liberty interest, rather than under a “generalized constitutional right of privacy”). Focusing more particularly on school penn state the Fourteenth Amendment, § 1 thereof provides, in relevant part, that no State shall “deprive any person of dissertations full, life, liberty, or property, without due process of law . . . Thesis Graduate Penn State! .” As its language suggests, the Due Process Clause is concerned with the person process by which a person may be deprived of graduate school, life, liberty or property, not the theses dissertations full substance of the law authorizing such deprivation. See Lawrence v. Texas , 539 U.S. 558, 592 (2003) (Scalia, J., dissenting) . It was never the thesis graduate school state intent of the Framers of the Fourteenth Amendment that the theses text Due Process Clause would serve as a battering ram to knock down statutes the substance of which offended the sensibilities of a majority of Justices who happen to sit on the Supreme Court from time to time. See Raoul Berger, Government by Judiciary The Transformation of the Fourteenth Amendment (Liberty Fund 2d ed.

1997) 221-39, 273-306. 8 Despite its focus on process, the Due Process Clause, at various times in our history, has been given substantive content, resulting in the invalidation of state laws thought to thesis graduate school be inconsistent with prevailing understandings of essays, “liberty.” The paradigmatic case in this area, before Roe v, Wade was decided in 1973, is thesis graduate school penn Lochner v. New York , 198 U.S. 45 (1905). In Lochner , the Supreme Court, over the vigorous dissent of Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., held that state legislation setting limits on the number of hours a person could work in a bakery daily (ten hours) and weekly (sixty hours) violated the liberty of an employer to contract with his employees on terms that were mutually agreeable to them. The notion that the Due Process Clause has substantive (as opposed to only procedural ) content bedeviled constitutional adjudication for a generation, until it was laid to rest, at least with respect to the review of social and economic legislation, in West Coast Hotel v. Parrish , 300 U.S. Letter Technician Entry! 379 (1937), which upheld a minimum wage law. Twenty-five years later, the Supreme Court could state that it had “returned to the original constitutional proposition that courts do not substitute their social and economic beliefs for the judgment of graduate penn state, legislative bodies.” Ferguson v. Skrupa , 372 U.S. 726, 730 (1963). Despite the interment of what may be called “economic” substantive due process, “libertarian” substantive due process is alive and theses full text well. Under this strand of substantive due process analysis, the thesis school penn state Due Process Clause “provides heightened protection against government interference with certain fundamental rights and liberty interests.” Washington v. Theses Full! Glucksberg , 521 U.S. 702, 720 (1997).

Roe v. School Penn State! Wade , while sounding in descriptive in third, privacy theory, was ultimately based on the liberty language of § 1 of the penn state Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, see Roe , 410 U.S. at theses full 153, and, therefore, may justly be regarded as the modern paradigm of (libertarian) substantive due process analysis. See Richard Epstein, Substantive Due Process by Any Other Name , 1973 Sup. Ct. Rev. 159, 184. But Roe flunks the test the Court uses for evaluating substantive due process claims. In determining whether an asserted liberty interest (or right) should be regarded as fundamental for purposes of substantive due process analysis (infringement of which would call for strict scrutiny review), the Supreme Court applies a two-prong test. First, there must be a “careful description” of the asserted fundamental liberty interest. Glucksberg , 521 U.S. at 721 (citation and internal quotation marks omitted).

Second, the graduate school penn state interest, so described, must be firmly rooted in walter essayist, “the Nation’s history, legal traditions, and practices.” Id. at 710. An asserted interest in (or right to) abortion does not meet the second prong of the Glucksberg test. Quite the contrary. As much research has established, especially that of Professor Dellapenna ( see n. 4, supra ) , abortion was a crime in English and American common law, at least after “quickening” (that stage of pregnancy when the woman first detects fetal movement, usually sixteen to eighteen weeks’ gestation), and very possibly without such a limitation. With the gradual replacement of common law crimes by statutory crimes in the nineteenth century, the overwhelming majority of States had made the performance of an abortion at any stage of pregnancy a crime well before the Fourteenth Amendment was adopted in 1868.

And the graduate school penn state case law interpreting these statutes revealed that the principal, if not exclusive, purpose in enacting these statutes was to know protect unborn human life, not (or not solely) to safeguard women from dangerous medical and/or surgical procedures. See Paul Benjamin Linton, Planned Parenthood v. Casey : The Flight from Reason in the Supreme Court , XIII St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 15, 109-15 (1993).

In light of the foregoing, an interest in penn state, (or right to) abortion cannot be said to be firmly rooted in walter essayist, our “history, legal traditions, and practices.” III. Applications of Roe ^ top. The Supreme Court has decided almost three dozen abortion cases since and including Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Graduate! Bolton . A detailed analysis of the holdings in walter essayist father, these cases would unduly prolong the length of this essay. The principal holdings, however, may be briefly summarized: In addition to the Texas abortion statutes struck down in Roe , the thesis school Court has struck down state statutes prohibiting particular abortion methods, Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth , 428 U.S. 52, 75-79 (1976) (saline amniocentesis), Stenberg v. Carhart , 530 U.S. 914 (2000) (partial-birth abortion), but more recently has upheld the federal Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, Gonzales v. Carhart , 550 U.S. 124 (2007).

The Court has upheld statutes prohibiting non-physicians from performing abortions, Mazurek v. Armstrong , 520 U.S. Walter Essayist! 968 (1997) ( per curiam ) and has held that non-physicians may be prosecuted for performing abortions, Connecticut v. Thesis School Penn! Menillo , 423 U.S. 9, 11 (1975) ( per curiam ) . Know Published! The Court has struck down statutes and ordinances requiring all abortions (or all abortions after the thesis first trimester) to be performed in hospitals, Doe v. Bolton , 410 U.S. 179, 193-95 (1973) (all abortions), City of Akron v. Know If Dissertation! Akron Center for graduate school penn, Reproductive Rights ( Akron Center I ) , 462 U.S. 416, 431-39 (1983) (all abortions after the first trimester), Planned Parenthood Ass’n of Kansas City , Missouri , Inc. v. Ashcroft , 462 U.S.

476, 481-82 (1983) (all abortions after the up native first twelve weeks of pregnancy), but has upheld a statute requiring all second trimester abortions to state be performed in either a hospital or a licensed outpatient clinic, Simopoulos v. Virginia , 462 U.S. 506, 510-19 (1983). The Court has struck down parental consent and know notice statutes and ordinances if they did not contain a judicial bypass mechanism that would afford the pregnant minor the opportunity to avoid obtaining the consent of (or giving notice to) her parents or legal guardian, 9 Danforth , 428 U.S. at 72-75 (one-parent consent), Akron Center I , 462 U.S. at penn state 439-42 (one-parent consent without judicial bypass), Bellotti v. Baird , 443 U.S. 622 (1979) (two-parent consent) (inadequate judicial bypass), Hodgson v. If Dissertation! Minnesota , 497 U.S. Graduate State! 417, 450-55 (1990) (two-parent notice without judicial bypass), 10 but has upheld statutes that contained an adequate judicial bypass, Ashcroft , 462 U.S. at theses full text 490-93 (one-parent consent). Hodgson , 497 U.S. at 497-501 (Kennedy, J., concurring in the judgment in part and dissenting in part), id. at 461 (O’Connor, J., concurring in part and concurring in thesis graduate, the judgment in part) (two-parent notice with judicial bypass), Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health ( Akron Center II ) , 497 U.S.

502 (1990) (one-parent notice with judicial bypass), Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. 833, 899-900 (1992) (one-parent consent), Lambert v. Wicklund ,520 U.S. 292 (1997) (one-parent notice) ( per curiam ) . The Court has struck down statutes requiring a married woman to obtain the consent of, or give notice to, her husband before undergoing an abortion, Danforth , 428 U.S. at 67-72 (consent), and Casey , 505 U.S. at 887-98 (notice) . The Court has upheld state and federal statutes restricting public funding of abortions, Beal v. Essays! Doe , 432 U.S. 438 (1977), Maher v. Roe , 432 U.S. 464 (1977), Harris v. McRae , 448 U.S.

297 (1980), and Williams v. Zbaraz , 448 U.S. 358 (1980), as well as state statutes and thesis state municipal government policies prohibiting the performance of abortions by public employees within the scope of their employment or in publicly owned and if dissertation operated facilities (other than those necessary to save the life of the mother), Poelker v. Thesis Graduate School Penn! Doe , 432 U.S. 519 (1977), and Webster v. Reproductive Health Services , 492 U.S. 490, 507-11 (1989). The Court has also upheld federal administrative regulations (since rescinded) requiring physical and financial separation of Title X family planning projects from other projects operated by Title X grantees that perform, counsel or refer for abortion, Rust v. Sullivan , 500 U.S.

173 (1991). The Court has upheld a requirement that a pathology report be prepared for all fetal tissue obtained in the course of an abortion, Ashcroft , 462 U.S. at 486-90 , but has struck down a requirement that fetal remains be disposed of in a “humane and sanitary manner,” Akron Center I , 462 U.S. at 451-52 . The Court has upheld some record keeping and essays reporting requirements, Danforth , 428 U.S. at 79-81 , Casey , 505 U.S. at thesis graduate penn state 900-01 , while striking down others, Thornburgh v. Person! American College of Obstetricians Gynecologists , 476 U.S. 747, 765-68 (1986), because of what the Court perceived as inadequate guarantees of thesis penn state, patient confidentiality. Dissertations Text! The Court has upheld a requirement that a second physician be present during the performance of a post-viability abortion to provide immediate medical care for a viable child who survives an abortion procedure, Ashcroft , 462 U.S. at 482-86 , but has struck down a second-physician requirement that did not contain an express or implied exception for medical emergencies, Thornburgh , 476 U.S. at 769-71 . The Court has also struck down standards of care for the performance of graduate, post-viability abortions that were either vague, Colautti v. Descriptive Essays In Third Person! Franklin , 439 U.S. Thesis School Penn! 379, 397-401 (1979), or posed an cover for lab entry, unacceptable risk to the mother’s health, Thornburgh , 476 U.S. at 768-69 , but has upheld a statute mandating fetal viability testing at twenty weeks’ gestation, Webster , 492 U.S. at 513-21 . In a pair of decisions, later overruled in part by Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S.

833 (1992), which is discussed in the next part of this essay, infra , the Court held that States and graduate school penn municipalities could not require a short waiting period before the performance of a non-emergency abortion; that they could not required detailed informed consent information to be given to the pregnant woman seeking an abortion; and that they could not require portions of the informed consent information to essays in third person be conveyed in person to the patient by the attending physician, see Akron Center I , 462 U.S. at 442-51 and Thornburgh , 476 U.S. at 759-65 . 11. IV. Roe Revisited: Planned Parenthood v. Thesis School Penn State! Casey ^ top. In 1992, the Supreme Court revisited Roe and, in a Joint Opinion authored by Justices Sandra Day O’Connor, Anthony Kennedy and David Souter, substantially modified its holdings. Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. 833 (1992). In Casey , the Court reaffirmed what it characterized as the “essential” (or “central”) holding of Roe , consisting of descriptive essays in third person, three parts: First, a woman has “the right . School Penn! . . . to choose to have an abortion before viability and to obtain it without undue interference from the State. Before viability, the State’s interests are not strong enough to support a prohibition of abortion or the imposition of a substantial obstacle to the woman’s effective right to elect the procedure.” 505 U.S. at 846. Second, the published State has the power “to restrict abortions after fetal viability, if the law contains exceptions for pregnancies which endanger the woman’s life or health.” Id . And, third, “the State has legitimate interests from the thesis graduate state outset of the essayist father pregnancy in school penn state, protecting the health of the woman and the life of the fetus that may become a child.” Id . While reaffirming the “essential” (or “central”) holding of Roe , the authors of the Joint Opinion rejected Roe’s “trimester” framework as an walter, unnecessarily “rigid construct” which “in its formulation . Thesis Graduate School Penn State! . . misconceives the nature of the pregnant woman’s interest,” and “in practice . . . undervalues the State’s interest in theses dissertations, potential life . Penn State! . . .” Id . at 872-73.

The trimester framework “misconceives the nature of the pregnant woman’s interest” because “[w]hat is at stake is [her] right to published make the thesis graduate state ultimate decision [to obtain an abortion prior to know if dissertation viability], not a right to graduate penn state be insulated from all others in doing so.” Id . at 877. “Though the woman has a right to choose to terminate or continue her pregnancy before viability,” the Joint Opinion explained, “it does not at all follow that the State is prohibited from cyberbullying essays taking steps to ensure that [her] choice is thoughtful and informed.” Id . at 872. The trimester framework “undervalues the State’s interest in potential life,” the Joint Opinion continued, because the State has a “substantial state interest in potential life throughout pregnancy,” id . at 876, not just after viability. In light of their dissatisfaction with the trimester framework of Roe and how it had been applied in subsequent cases, the authors of the Joint Opinion developed a new standard for reviewing pre-viability abortion regulations, the so-called “undue burden” test. Thesis Penn! Casey , 505 U.S. at 874-79. Under that test, “a state regulation [that] has the theses dissertations full purpose or effect of placing a substantial obstacle in thesis graduate school, the path of a woman seeking an abortion of a nonviable fetus” is unconstitutional. Id . at cyberbullying 877. Applying that test to the statutes challenged in Casey (multiple provisions of the graduate school Pennsylvania Abortion Control Act of 1982, as amended), a majority of the Court upheld the detailed informed consent requirement (including the mandated twenty-four hour waiting period), the parental consent requirement and text the record keeping and reporting requirements, id . at thesis graduate penn state 881-87, 899-901, but a differently constituted majority struck down the spousal notice requirement , id . at 887-98 . 12 In upholding the informed consent requirement (and the accompanying waiting period), the Court overruled, in part, its earlier conflicting precedents in Akron Center I and Thornburgh . Id . at 881-82. 13. Both Justice Harry Blackmun and Justice Paul Stevens dissented from the Joint Opinion’s abandonment of Roe’s trimester framework and the strict scrutiny standard of review, while Chief Justice William Rehnquist, joined by Justices Byron White, Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas, dissented from the reaffirmation of the “essential” holding of essays, Roe , arguing that the rational basis standard should be applied to all regulation of abortion. 14. The Joint Opinion in thesis school penn, Casey is notable in essayist, five respects:

First, in thesis graduate school penn, reaffirming what it characterized as the “essential” (or “central”) holding of Roe , the authors of the Joint Opinion raised the issue but refused to state whether they believed that Roe had been correctly decided as an original matter of descriptive in third person, constitutional interpretation, Casey , 505 U.S. at 871 (“[w]e do not need to say whether each of thesis graduate penn state, us, had we been Members of the Court when the valuation of the state interest [in the protection of “potential life”] came before it as an original matter, would have concluded, as the Roe Court did, that its weight is insufficient to justify a ban on abortions prior to viability even when it is descriptive in third subject to certain exceptions”), 15 relying instead on “principles of institutional integrity” and “the rule of stare decisis [deferring to precedent].” Id . at 845-46; see also id. at thesis graduate school state 854-69. Second, the Joint Opinion provided no principled basis for distinguishing between the “essential” (or “central”) and the inessential (or peripheral) holdings of essays person, Roe , reaffirming the former and penn overruling the latter. As Justice Scalia commented, “I must . . Full! . confess that I have always thought, and I think a lot of other people have always thought, that the arbitrary trimester framework, which the Court today discards, was quite as central to Roe as the arbitrary viability test, which the Court today retains.” Id . at thesis graduate state 993. (Scalia, J., concurring in the judgment in part and dissenting in part). Third, in reaffirming the “essential” holding of Roe , the Joint Opinion abandoned Roe’s reliance on privacy theory, resting its analysis, instead, on if dissertation the liberty language of school state, § 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment. Fourth, the Joint Opinion tacitly abandoned Roe’s characterization of the right to abortion as “fundamental.” 16 And, fifth, the Joint Opinion substituted a new standard of dissertations, review – “undue burden” – in place of the strict scrutiny standard employed in Roe for evaluating fundamental rights, which clearly allows for a broader scope of regulation (but not prohibition) of pre-viability abortions. 17. The strict scrutiny standard of judicial review applies to graduate penn state laws that either interfere with the exercise of a fundamental constitutional right ( e.g ., voting) or discriminate on the basis of a suspect classification ( e.g ., race). A law reviewed under this standard is cyberbullying essays presumed to thesis school state be un constitutional and will not be upheld unless its proponents are able to demonstrate that it is essay growing up native necessary to promote a compelling state (or governmental) interest.

Few, if any, laws reviewed under this standard survive. Graduate School State! At the opposite know published end of the spectrum is the rational basis standard of review, which applies to almost all other legislation. Penn! 18 Under this standard, a law is presumed to be constitutional and will be upheld so long as it has a rational relationship to any legitimate state (or governmental) purpose. Most laws reviewed under this standard survive constitutional scrutiny. V. The Roberts Court and the Future of Abortion Jurisprudence ^ top. Under the leadership of Chief Justice John Roberts, the Supreme Court has taken a more cautious approach to the review of abortion regulation. Most obviously, the Court, in an opinion by Justice Kennedy, upheld the federal Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in Gonzales v. Carhart , 550 U.S. 124 (2007) ( Carhart II ), after a differently constituted Court struck down a similar (but more vaguely worded) state statute only published, seven years earlier in Stenberg v. Carhart , 530 U.S.

914 (2000) ( Carhart I ). Less obviously, the Court has suggested that, at least with respect to the regulation of abortion, “facial challenges,” i.e ., a claim that a given statute is thesis graduate penn state unconstitutional in its entirety, are disfavored, Carhart II , 550 U.S. 124 at father 130 (“these facial attacks should not have been entertained in the first place”), and “as-applied” challenges, i.e ., a claim that a statute is unconstitutional in particular circumstances, are preferred, id . at 168 (“[a]s-applied challenges are the basic building blocks of constitutional adjudication”) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). Relatedly, in another decision of the Roberts Court, the thesis penn state Court unanimously held, in an opinion by Justice O’Connor, that when only a limited number of applications of an if dissertation, abortion statute would be unconstitutional, the proper remedy (if otherwise consistent with legislative intent) is to enjoin enforcement of those applications only, not to thesis penn state declare the entire statute unconstitutional. Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England , 546 U.S. 320, 328-31 (2006) (reviewing parental notice law). Significantly, in Ayotte , Justice O’Connor acknowledged that the Court did not take this more circumspect approach in Carhart I, id . at 330-31 (explaining that “the parties . . . did not ask for, and we did not contemplate, relief more finely drawn” than complete invalidation). Descriptive Person! 19. In light of the Roberts Court’s more cautious approach to the review of abortion legislation, fewer challenges to abortion statutes may be expected. Thesis Graduate! Moreover, even with respect to know published those challenges that are brought and are determined to have merit, both the Supreme Court and thesis graduate school penn state the lower federal courts are likely to strike down the statute and enjoin its enforcement only with respect to its invalid applications, not in its entirety. VI. If Dissertation Published! A Comment on the Scope of the Health Exception ^ top.

Finally, a brief comment on an unresolved area of abortion law – the scope of the thesis graduate school penn state health exception required by Roe (as reaffirmed in Casey ). In Roe , the Supreme Court held that the States may prohibit abortion after viability “except when it is necessary to preserve the life or health of the essay mother.” 410 U.S. at 164. Graduate School Penn! The Court, however, did not define the term “health.” In the companion case of essays, Doe v. Bolton , the Court considered a challenge to what remained of the graduate state Georgia abortion statute after major provisions of the statute had been declared unconstitutional by walter essayist, a federal district court. As a result of the district court’s decision, a physician could perform an abortion whenever he determined, in “his best clinical judgment,” that the abortion was “necessary.” At issue in Doe was whether this standard was impermissibly vague. The Court concluded that it was not: [T]he medical judgment [as to thesis whether an abortion is “necessary”] may be exercised in the light of all factors – physical, emotional, psychological, familial, and theses dissertations text the woman’s age – relevant to graduate state the well-being of the patient. All these factors may relate to health. Whether Doe , properly understood, mandates an open-ended “health” exception for post-viability abortions is debatable. Although there is the merest hint in one older case that the Court (as then constituted) may have regarded the broad language in theses full, Doe as a limitation on the State’s authority to prohibit post-viability abortions, see Colautti v. Franklin , 439 U.S. 379, 400 (1979), the Court has never directly considered the graduate penn validity of a post-viability ban. Lower federal courts have read Doe as a gloss on the scope of the if dissertation health exception that must be included in thesis graduate state, any post-viability ban, 20 but that reading misinterprets Doe , as Justice Thomas noted in his dissent from the denial of certiorari in Voinovich v. Theses! Women’s Medical Professional Corp . , 523 U.S.

1036 (1998): Our conclusion that the graduate state statutory phrase at issue in Doe [whether the abortions was “necessary”] was not vague because it included emotional and psychological considerations in no way supports the proposition that, after viability, a mental health exception is required as a matter of federal constitutional law . Doe simply did not address that question. 523 U.S. at 1039 (emphasis in original). As things now stand, whether the open-ended “health” language of Doe is if dissertation a limitation on the authority of the thesis school state States to prohibit post-viability abortions remains an open question, but one that should be answered by a challenge to an appropriately drafted statute. Essayist! Given the present composition of the school state Court, there is reason to essays believe that such a statute would be upheld. In recognizing a constitutional right to abortion, the Court in Roe believed that it was meeting the “profound problems of the present day.” 410 U.S. at 165. The “problems” which the Court thought would be ameliorated by its decision included the medical risks associated with pregnancy, a “distressful life and future” for the pregnant woman confronted with an unwanted pregnancy, “[p]sychological harm,” the difficulty in thesis penn state, providing “child care,” “the distress, for growing, all concerned, associated with the unwanted child,” “the problem of bringing a child into a family already unable, psychologically or otherwise, to care for it,” and, for state, some, “the additional difficulties and continuing stigma associated with unwed motherhood . . If Dissertation! . Graduate School! .” Id . at 153. More than thirty years of experience with legalized abortion has failed to solve these problems, as well as others for essay growing, which abortion was touted as a panacea (crime and poverty). Indeed, the regime of legal abortion has aggravated them. School State! See Clarke D. In Third! Forsythe and Stephen B. Presser, The Tragic Failure of Roe v. Wade: Why Abortion Should be Returned to the States . 10 Tex.

Rev. of Law Politics 85, 108-36 (Fall 2005). In reaffirming, as modified, Roe in penn, Casey , the Supreme Court “call[ed] the if dissertation contending sides of a national controversy to end their national division by accepting a common mandate rooted in school penn state, the Constitution.” 505 U.S. at 867. Given the issues at stake in abortion, that call, not surprisingly, has not been heeded. Cover Letter For Lab Technician Entry Level! The abortion liberty has no “roots” in the Nation’s history, traditions and legal practices. And the “national division” over the abortion controversy, which Roe created and Casey continued, will not end until, initially, the Supreme Court returns the thesis school penn issue of descriptive person, abortion to the States and, eventually, the Constitution is amended to protect the lives of thesis graduate, all unborn children.

A discussion of the dissertations various standards of judicial review may be found in Part IV of this essay, infra . back. When Roe was decided, an unborn child was “viable,” i.e ., capable of living outside of his or her mother, at twenty-eight weeks of gestation.In light of thesis graduate, medical advances made since Roe , viability may occur at twenty-three to twenty-four weeks, or, in descriptive essays in third, some instances, even earlier, as the Supreme Court recognized almost twenty years ago in Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. 833, 860 (1992) (noting that viability may occur at twenty-three to twenty-four weeks). back. Section 230.3 of the school penn Model Penal Code, one version or another of which was adopted by thirteen States before Roe v. Wade , allowed abortion whenever the physician believed that there was a “substantial risk” that continuance of the pregnancy “would gravely impair the physical or mental health of the mother,” that “the child would be born with grave physical or mental defect,” or that “the pregnancy resulted from rape, incest, or other felonious intercourse.”In Doe , the walter essayist father Court also struck down a requirement that an state, abortion could be performed only upon father, a bona fide resident of the State of Georgia. Penn State! Doe , 410 U.S. at 200. Essayist Father! back. As a result of the district court's judgment, a physician could perform an abortion whenever, in his best clinical judgment, the procedure was necessary. back. Interested readers, however, may wish to consult some of the following sources. An early critique of the Court's handiwork in Roe , which includes a brief review of the thesis state initial academic responses to Roe (both favorable and unfavorable) is John T. Noonan, Jr.'s, A Private Choice: Abortion in America in cover letter entry, the Seventies (The Free Press 1979). Dennis J. Horan, Edward R. Grant and Paige C. School Penn! Cunningham (eds.), Abortion and the Constitution: Reversing Roe v. Wade Through the Courts (Georgetown University Press 1987), is letter for lab technician entry a compendium of articles written by a variety of authors criticizing various aspects of the holdings and analysis in Roe . The most comprehensive and thorough analysis of Roe's treatment of the historical treatment of abortion in English and American law, as well as the restatement of that history in James C. Thesis Graduate School! Mohr's Abortion in America (Oxford University Press 1978), is Joseph W. Dellapenna's Dispelling the Myths of Abortion History (Carolina Academic Press 2006) (an extremely abbreviated version of Professor Dellapenna's analysis appears in essay growing up native, Abortion and the Constitution , supra , at 137-58). A concise critique of the Court's historical excursus in Roe , particularly its explanation for the reasons nineteenth century abortion statutes were enacted, may be found in Appendix A to Paul Benjamin Linton's article, Planned Parenthood v. Graduate Penn! Casey : The Flight from essay growing Reason in the Supreme Court , XIII St. Louis U. Pub.

L. Thesis School Penn! Rev. 15, 103-19 (1993). The poor quality of the analysis and reasoning in Roe has led some academics to letter level rewrite the thesis school penn opinion. Cyberbullying Essays! A collection of such opinions and opposing dissents, along with a useful selected bibliography, appears in Jack M. Balkin (ed.), What Roe v. Wade Should Have Said (New York University Press 2005). back. All of the holdings in these cases, and the full citations thereto, appear in Part I of this essay, supra . back. Planned Parenthood v. Casey is discussed in more detail in Part IV of graduate state, this essay, infra . back. Justices Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Louis D. Brandeis and Hugo Black, as well as Judge Learned Hand, who served on the Second Circuit Court of Appeals for up native, decades, all agreed that the use of the liberty language of the Due Process Clause to invalidate the substance of state enactments is fundamentally illegitimate. See Berger, Government by thesis graduate state, Judiciary , at 227-28 n. Theses Full Text! 27 (Black), 282 n. 46 (Holmes, Brandeis and Hand). back. Consent of (or notice to) a parent or legal guardian may be waived by a court in a judicial bypass hearing if the minor can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the court that she is mature enough to make the decision to obtain an abortion without the consent of thesis graduate state, (or notice to) her parent(s) or legal guardian, or, alternatively, that obtaining consent (or giving notice) would not be in her best interests. The Court has upheld both consent statutes, see , e.g ., Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S.

833, 899-900 (1992), and Planned Parenthood Ass'n of Kansas City , Missouri v. Ashcroft , 462 U.S. 476, 490-93 (1983), and notice statutes, see , e.g ., Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health , 497 U.S.502 (1990), and Hodgson v. Minnesota , 497 U.S. 417 (1990). Know! back. See also Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England , 546 U.S. 320 (2006) (one-parent notice statute could not be enforced constitutionally in medical emergencies requiring the thesis graduate school immediate performance of an abortion). Theses Dissertations Full Text! back. A general and non-specific requirement that a physician obtain the informed consent of the patient before performing an abortion was upheld in Danforth , 428 U.S. at thesis graduate school penn 65-67. Essay Growing! back. The Court also upheld the medical emergency definition. Casey , 505 U.S. at school penn 879-80. back.

The holdings in Akron Center I and Thornburgh are discussed in Part III, supra . back. These alternative standards of review are discussed below. back. See also id. at 853, 858, 864, 869. back. Nowhere in the Joint Opinion is the right to up native abortion described as fundamental. back. The Joint Opinion in Casey has been subjected to withering criticism. See Paul Benjamin Linton, Planned Parenthood v. Penn! Casey : The Flight from Reason in the Supreme Court , XIII St. Louis U. Pub. L. Letter For Lab Technician! Rev. 15, 103-19 (1993); Michael Stokes Paulsen, The Worst Constitutional Decision of All Time , 78 Notre Dame L. Rev. 995 (2003). Casey is also extensively discussed and critiqued in graduate penn state, Professor Dellapenna's magnum opus , Dispelling the Myths of Abortion History , supra , n. 4. back.

Under federal constitutional equal protection doctrine, an intermediate standard applies to walter father classifications based on sex or illegitimacy. Under that standard, often referred to as heightened scrutiny, the classification must be substantially related to an important state (or governmental) interest. back.

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Top 10 Details to Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of nursing resumes. Unfortunately, the graduate penn state vast majority of them were missing multiple details that were important to the Nurse Managers and Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for making the hiring decisions. Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in today’s hiring process. We hope the know information provided here will help you create an amazing resume! First, it’s important to have an idea of how the thesis graduate state hiring process typically works in order to thoroughly understand the importance of these critical details.

When a job opens up to the general public, the healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of resumes. Walter Essayist! In some cases, the resumes are electronically ranked by Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for resumes that include the critical skills and experiences sought for the job. In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the rankings and resumes and thesis graduate school, pass along the “best” candidates to theses full, the hiring managers. It’s important to note that being the “best” often means having a resume with all the critical details. If the information isn’t there, then the resume stands a far greater chance of being removed from the process. It’s important to note that missing these details is not the nurse’s fault. Penn! Unfortunately, the vast majority of informational resources pertaining to resumes is very general in nature. General resources are useful only for people with very general careers like “Sales”. These resources are mostly useless for nurses. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to essays, nurse resumes offer insufficient detail.

Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at school state, conveying what they’re looking for in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to include in their resumes. Skimming the level list below may leave the impression that everything on it is thesis graduate school state, obvious. If Dissertation Published! However, reading the details provided for each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from your nursing resume . What to graduate school, Include on cyberbullying essays, Your Nursing Resume. There are literally thousands of potential professional affiliations for nurses. In most cases, employers want to know if you belong to thesis state, any. For example, if you belong to the American Association of descriptive in third, Critical Care Nurses or the Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to know this. Include the following information: Affiliation name Your date of admission Offices held Brief description of your role or reason you chose this group over others. 9. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments: As with every other resume, a nurse’s resume should include any honors and thesis graduate, awards they’ve received. Examples include honors and awards from school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and even social clubs.

Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at work. Did you ever take charge duty? Did you do any scheduling or mentoring? You may choose to place these items under their own heading. However, this isn’t necessary. You can also add them where applicable throughout the rest of your resume. 8. Specific Nursing Education Details:

Including the degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is a must. Not including it increases the walter chances that your resume will be removed from thesis state, consideration. This is because the information is often required for text, the resume to school penn, move through the process and it isn’t easily attainable by the staffing office. Cover Entry Level! So, they’ll often pass on thesis graduate school state, a resume that doesn’t include the know published information in thesis, favor one that does. Provide at least the following information about your education: Name of school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and State. You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and activities, or your GPA if it was really high. Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the earlier you are in your career, so keep that in mind when crafting the education section of your resume. Finally, you may also wish to include details on growing, any continuing education units you’ve taken within the last 2 years.

Bonus: Are you bilingual? If so, be sure to include it on your resume! According to a recent study from Wanted Analytics, “bilingual” was the second most commonly required skill listed on nursing job advertisements. 7. Nursing License and Certification Details: It is highly recommended that you include the thesis graduate state following for growing up native, your licenses: License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on license if different from name on graduate school state, resume License expiration date License number If the license is part of the Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly. Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on a resume as a matter of descriptive in third, privacy. However, nursing license numbers are a matter of public record. They can be easily obtained from thesis graduate school, each state’s Board of Nursing using the standard information included on your resume. Providing the license number simply makes the recruiter’s job easier. And in a competitive job market, that could make all the cyberbullying essays difference in thesis graduate school penn state, the world.

When it comes to certifications, it is highly recommended that you include the following for walter father, every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date. Unlike most professions, nursing is conducted round-the-clock. Therefore, it’s best to convey the graduate state shifts you’re willing to work on your nursing resume. Are you open to working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts? Are you open to working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if you’re applying for growing up native, a specific job with a specific shift. Penn State! You never know if the employer has another opening that is unadvertised which you maybe qualified for. Cover Letter Technician! Moreover, resumes aren’t always submitted to specific job advertisements.

In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of thesis graduate school penn state, all jobs are filled through networking. Including your availability is published, very helpful for general job inquiries. In addition, you should indicate your willingness to relocate when applicable. These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but it’s best to simply add them to your Professional Summary. The healthcare industry is going electronic. Paper charting will soon be a way of the past. School Penn State! It’s imperative to list any and essays, all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have. Graduate School State! According to a recent study by Wanted Analytics, “Electronic Medical Record” was the most commonly required skill for published, nurses listed in nursing job advertisements. “Epic Software” and “Meditech”, popular EMR software packages, were also on the list. Of course, billing codes are a big part of EMRs. And both ICD10 and ICD 9 are among the most commonly listed skills in thesis graduate school state, job advertisements. So if your scope of practice deals with this in any way, then be sure to add these to your resume.

You may also want to include any other computer experience you have just in up native, case it may be of penn, value to the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and theses dissertations text, EMRs. Signifying the type of facility you worked in tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. Graduate Penn! You should know the know if dissertation exact designation of all the facilities you worked with and if you don’t, now is the time to find out. Thesis Graduate School! Short term acute care? Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility? In addition, if you worked at a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). If you worked at a teaching hospital, then you should include this information. Such information can be included under the up native specific job description in your resume’s Work History section, or in your resume’s Summary. For example, if the job listing you’re applying for lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then it’s a good idea to identify your trauma experience in the resume Summary to make it stand out.

Include the number of total beds at the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of beds in the specific units on which you worked. Just like the thesis school state facility type, providing the know if dissertation published number of graduate school state, beds tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. We regularly saw resumes that listed things like “3 West” as the unit. Essayist! Unfortunately, only people who work at that facility know what that means. Thesis School! Instead, include the type of unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to convey the message. We can’t stress enough how important this is.

Also include your caseload. Cyberbullying! What was the thesis state nurse to patient ratio in walter essayist father, this unit, and how much support was there in the form of LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well. Did the unit take trauma patients? Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from graduate school, other units? If so, what types of patients were seen from overflow? 1. Specific Details/Duties and Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to this point, the focus has been on person, incidental, although very important, details. But what about the school state meat of your resume, the job descriptions and experiences that make up the essay growing up native bulk of your resume? When it comes to this, nurses are in the precarious position of thesis graduate school penn state, balancing duties with accomplishments. You see, the current standard recommendation for resumes is to make them accomplishment driven.

The idea is walter, that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into quantifiable and thesis graduate school penn, tangible results for your current and previous employers. Advocates of this approach advise against listing duties on your resume. However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the highly technical duties that are integral to the job you’re applying for. At the know same time, they too want to know about state your accomplishments. Therefore, it’s important to level, include details about the specific day-to-day duties you performed. School! However, at the same time, you don’t want to fall into the trap of creating a “duties-driven resume”. Know! Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes.

Before we continue, it’s best to school, address the 800 pound gorilla in this conversation. Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and full, responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to list because you certainly can’t list them all? We hate to say it, but including things like, “Provided patient care” is a complete waste of space. It’s simply too general. Thesis School State! Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is very similar no matter where you go which may be the reason that such general statements are so often included in walter, nursing resumes. In reality, the differences are stark between various facilities. For example, the Step-Down Unit at one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the SDU in another hospital may. With that in mind, here are some general themes to consider when determining the types of duties to include on your resume.

This list is not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the level of graduate school, specificity that we’re talking about: Did you start IVs? Did you administer medications? Which medications? What type of patients did you care for? Renal?

Cardiovascular? Neuro? Ortho? Rehab? What was the age range of the patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with? Did you read strips? Work with vents? Trachs? Balloon pumps? Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System?

Which industry-wide protocols, processes and procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is among the technician entry most commonly listed requirements in nursing job advertisements. There are many similar protocols, processes and procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to make note of graduate school penn state, those that were used by your previous employers. Now, we’re still in if dissertation published, the tough spot of determining exactly which skills and duties to include on graduate penn, the resume. First, start by including any duties specifically mentioned in the job description that you have experience with. Next, do some research on father, the employer in graduate, question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to list. Use the company website, news, and any professional connections you have in an effort to determine the types of patients, processes and in third, procedures common to the specific employer in question. Once you have the duties narrowed down, there are a couple of ways to thesis, convey them on your nursing resume. First, you can incorporate the duties into cyberbullying your “accomplishment statements”. Thesis School Penn State! We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties.

While this is less preferred, it is sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way. Your summary is a good place for this. For example, you might include the following in your resume summary if you’re applying for a position in essay growing up native, the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and other cardiovascular medications. Bonus: Given the large number of skills and duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a “Skills Checklist” during your job search. Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to graduate school penn state, over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and growing, downloaded as PDF documents.

You can view a sample here. They’re a great way to convey your skills to thesis graduate school penn, potential employers. You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for know, jobs or you can bring them to your job interviews. Considerations for Accomplishments. Now that we’ve covered duties, let’s take a look at accomplishments. First, you can try to frame duties inside “accomplishment statements” in order to knock them both out at the same time. In other words, offer an explanation about how you achieved results while performing your duties. Again, this isn’t always possible, but here are some considerations: Did you receive recognition or awards from your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards?

How did performing your duties contribute to penn, that? When framing accomplishments, it’s also useful to know how your previous and current employers quantified their success as an organization. For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. Walter! Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that? Next, it’s important to understand how your current and former employers measured your individual performance as this is graduate penn, very helpful when framing accomplishments. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations.

Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements. Again, you may choose to list specific duties you’re proficient with separate from your accomplishments. Or, you may choose to frame the theses dissertations text duties within your accomplishment statements. Or you may choose a combination of the two approaches. In any case, it’s important to provide both job-specific duties and accomplishments on your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to know what other skill sets you have outside of school state, your primary area of expertise. Did you float to the ER or LD units when needed?

If so, then you may want to cyberbullying essays, provide some reference to the skills and accomplishments you achieved in thesis school penn, these areas. General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into a standard resume. However, nursing is not a standard profession and concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the essays in third advent of Applicant Tracking Systems. Moreover, the push to force nursing and healthcare resumes to conform to the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is a disservice to both healthcare professionals and employers.

Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to highlight skills and experience that are highly sought after. As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on perfect candidates. This push toward generalized conformity is graduate state, even prevalent on the most popular job boards, like Monster and CareerBuilder, and cover letter for lab, professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and graduate state, other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. Know If Dissertation Published! For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of penn, recording healthcare specific career details as well as the ability to print the profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for healthcare professionals. So it’s like a cloud based resume service. It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and efficiently. Father! As always, your feedback is greatly appreciated.

Please let us know what you think by posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems We’ve spoken to countless nurses and other healthcare professionals who. How to Write the Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary? Nurses often wonder if they should include an objective or. I am wondering how to list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from mom baby, to graduate school penn, peds, peds ed/uc, and nicu. How do i go about addressing those different areas and letter entry level, responsibilities and skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for thesis school penn, the information, its very helpful.

This site is of so much help to me. thank you, and it is also free. Theses Full! Its amazing, I just can’t appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for graduate school penn state, a job in cyberbullying essays, an ICU. The locations and facility i am looking at have nothing for experience nurses, but have a lot of positions for new nurses that want to work in ICU. Thesis State! I just want to apply to the new nurse position and i really don’t mind the pay. Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and apply although the position is for know if dissertation, new grads. please i will really appreciate any advise. Thesis Penn State! thanks you.

How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from know if dissertation, ANCC on my resume. Can I include it on my credentials area on top of my resume – following my name and degree? I ask because the ANCC instructs to do so on their website. I’ll be honest it’s somewhat confusing though, at least to me. Thesis Graduate School! I plan to include my Medsurg certification in essay up native, certification section of my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. I just wanted it to stand out and thesis graduate penn state, pop so to speak – as to not have to read on to notice it. On ANCC site, on a “How to Display Your Credentials” page they instruct you to published, include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified).

Was hoping you could clarify or add something else. Great web site … thanks. Thanks for the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for the delay! Your Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC is considered a “National Certification” and state, should be listed after your name at the top of your resume and in the Licenses and Certifications section of dissertations full text, your resume. Thesis Graduate State! The order for listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Awards. I hope this helps! I have been working out of the acute care setting in public health nursing for 7 years. I have heard over know if dissertation published and over that because I have been out graduate school state of the acute care setting for cover for lab entry, so long that I don’t qualify for a lot of the positions that I have applied for. Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for penn state, the last 7 years, except for in third, giving immunizations and occasionally drawing blood.

I have gotten very weary and feel like I will not be able to find another job, and I am really not happy with my current job. I am unsure of how to make my resume “pop” and have prospective employers want to graduate school state, give me a chance. I am not looking to get back into theses text areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into acute care. Thesis Graduate School! Any ideas. Kurt, I am an RN at a VA hospital in cardiac telemetry. Know If Dissertation! One of the biggest hurdles to thesis graduate penn state, applying at if dissertation published, any VA facility is the thesis school penn state fact that USA Jobs is a digital screening tool as much as it is an for lab technician, online application portal. Matching as many keywords in the functional statements for your desired role in your application can be the difference between getting an interview and school penn state, being passed over. Hope this helps! In your article you talked about for lab technician entry level whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. I’m working on applying for a position that is open for an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program.

I was wondering if this would be something that is good to graduate school penn, include as part of my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for cover, the hospital’s certification/recognition. If so, how would you go about thesis penn state including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and make it more as an essays in third, accomplishment for myself also since I was a part of that unit/team during that time. Thanks for the inquiry, Jessica. Graduate School State! Yes, this is definitely something you can include on your resume. If you feel that you’re not able to expand in a way that adequately describes your role in the achievement, then you may want to expand in your cover letter. On your resume, you might want to couple this team achievement with one of your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor. For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score. You may also want to include this in your summary as opposed to walter essayist, the job description to make it stand out a little more. I hope this helps! I am an experienced OR nurse who has performed in just about every surgery setting from Open heart to Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and thesis graduate, recovery In the letter past I have managed a surgery department at a busy hospital and also ran a surgery center. I have been fortunate to have been able to thesis school, take off time to stay home and be with my children.

That being said, I am worried about the years off and blank space on my resume. Growing Up Native! How would you go about filling in thesis school, the gap? I have volunteered in multiple areas at their schools, from theses full text, organizing an Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and teaching Compression Only CPR. My license and continuing CEU’s have always rained current. Do you think this will make it difficult for me as I try entering the job setting? I appreciate any suggestions you might have. Thanks for the inquiry. There is no steadfast rule on graduate state, how to handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider. First, you can consider a “Functional Resume.” Functional resumes are resumes that focus on skills instead of experiences. In your case, you would focus on all of for lab technician entry level, your OR experience. You might have a small section to list your previous employers. Thesis! or you may even choose to cover letter technician level, leave it out entirely.

There are many examples of state, Functional Resumes available on the internet. Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the entries in your chronological work history. You could include details on the experiences mentioned in your comment on this blog post. Again, there is no right or wrong way. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. To answer your question, yes, this situation is always a bit of challenge. However, experienced nurses are in high demand at the moment, so you should be fine.

Also, I’m personally inclined to recommend the essay growing up native chronological format. The main advantage of Functional Resumes in this particular case is to draw attention to thesis school, your skills and away from the gap in recent experience. However, employers are going to cover letter technician entry, find the gap no matter what. So, I think it’s best to embrace it. With the chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps! I have worked in home health and corrections for about 5 years now. I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and school, removal. IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes.

I have responded to chest pain calls, shortness of growing, breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and school penn state, unresponsive patients. I have worked in a corrections hospital with acute and long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isn’t seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to other nurses that that isn’t so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to essay growing, make my experience fit into what the Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to be retiring Military Nurse and will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. How important are listing awards?

I have numerous military awards based on my work ethics and performance on school penn state, the job, but I am afraid that the essays general public is not going to thesis penn, have any idea what they are or mean. Also, any good tips on turning military missions into civilian language? Thanks for your service!! I think it’s a great idea to add the walter awards to your resume. You could do one of two things.

Simply list them out by their official name. There’s a good chance that the thesis graduate penn reviewer will search for the award on essay growing up native, the internet and graduate school penn, find it. Or, you could add a very brief description of the descriptive award in parentheses. For example: X Award (earned for valor in action). Either way, if you have a lot of awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards. If you choose to list many of graduate penn, them, then put them in columns or in a continuous stream separated by commas to save space. Conveying your military experience in civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the essayist father technical expertise to provide detailed recommendations. That said, I’d recommend reviewing the job descriptions for the jobs you’re applying for use them to guide your efforts whenever possible.

I hope this helps and state, thanks again! I have a position working in a “float pool” (we call it the Mobile Unit). The unit is split into two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I don’t float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to play into each patient population? It seems like there’s no way for me to cover all of this detail without leaving a lot out father or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet. My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to relocate, as much as I love my current employer.

This is a great question; thanks for posting it here! You’re right, you’re probably not going to be able to school, convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for your nursing resume. Essay Growing Up Native! So, you’ll need to school state, offer some general details as well as some specific details. When it comes to specifics, it’s best to tailor your resume to growing, the specific job you’re applying for. Find out what they’re looking for state, and be sure to convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about know if dissertation your experience. I believe this is the most important consideration for your resume. When it comes to graduate state, generalizations, you could offer a description similar to full, the one you’ve provided here. For example:

I worked on a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for graduate penn state, Med/Surg patients 50% of the in third time and ICU patients 50% of the time. The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT. The ICU patients included ER, NICU and general ICU. Unit sizes varied from 5 beds up to 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to thesis graduate school state, the interview stage. Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to letter for lab entry level, upload documents, so you might be able to upload skills checklists there. You can complete and thesis school, save skills checklists on cyberbullying essays, BluePipes and thesis graduate, utilize them at your convenience. I hope this information helps!

My husband was an ICU nurse for 5 years (18 months of that he was an ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to descriptive essays, work in another field. He’s now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to move. Should he address the school penn clinical gap in his resume? With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in 2013 though he’s been employed as a youth minister since then. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the gap in the resume. Cyberbullying! It’s fairly common for hospitals to require the last 7 years of thesis graduate state, work history to be included on their job applications. Essays! A large percentage of the hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for resumes. Penn! Unfortunately, the default assumptions when it comes to employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the experience into nursing. I believe most career advisers would recommend the growing up native same.

I hope this information helps! I am applying for RN jobs, but am still waiting to take my boards (will take them within the graduate school state next 1-2 months). Descriptive Essays Person! How should I address this on my resume? You may want to graduate, add an excerpt under Licenses and Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date you’re scheduled to take the exam. Cyberbullying Essays! For example: RN: Scheduled for NCLEX on July 9, 2015. I hope this helps! Thank you! I think that’s what i’ll do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on a resume? Thanks for the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to thesis graduate, your nursing resume.

We discuss this in theses dissertations full text, our blog post on new grad resumes and in our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid. Many people argue that your GPA doesn’t matter. School! They say that all that matters is that you’re licensed. If that were the case, then no details about you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. And we know that’s not true. It is HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is essays, passed over because you included your high GPA. Thesis School Penn State! Meanwhile, many hospitals and hiring managers love to see it, and assign value to it.

So yes, by all means, add it. Know Published! I hope this helps! Great work, by the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use – the general number, the unit, or HR?

Also, some of my employment history goes back many years and the identifying information(number of beds, etc.) has changed. I do not have the correct information from when I worked there. How should I list this information? Is there a good way to find current identifying information for a hospital? Thanks in advance for your response. Thanks for posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for thesis graduate penn, nursing resumes, so you’ll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation. Growing Up Native! That said, the general rule is thesis penn state, that you should not include the contact telephone numbers for your previous employers on your resume.

In fact, you don’t need to include the complete address either. Essay Growing! The city and thesis graduate school penn state, state will suffice for your resume. On a side not, chances are that you’ll be applying for most jobs on the company’s website through an applicant tracking system. These online applications may allow you to enter the entry telephone numbers and addresses for your former employers. In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of information you can to graduate penn, your online applications. Again though, that’s separate from cover for lab technician level, your resume. School State! On a another side note: If you are applying for cover letter for lab technician entry level, travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and the supervisor names for your previous jobs. In order to find current information for thesis school penn, your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool.

I recommend using the “advanced search” for best results. Dissertations Text! Please note that the links to these pages are underlined in thesis graduate penn state, blue. Here you will find the cyberbullying essays current contact information, number of beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc. If you are unable to locate the information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for state, them or try the site. If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in if dissertation published, the database with current information…assuming they want to penn, get paid :-). Now, about your older work history. Many resume experts recommend including only the last 10 years of work history on essays, your resume. However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search. Others argue that you shouldn’t include more than 10 years of work history because you don’t want to date yourself. Thesis Graduate School State! They’re concerned about “ageism” in the hiring process.

These same people recommend not to include the dates you attended college. Cover Letter For Lab Technician Entry Level! Ultimately, it’s up to you to include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Please let me know if there are further questions! Help! I have over state 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and outpatient surgery ctr (pre and pacu), and for the last 6 years (in addition to cover entry, the 22 years) I’ve been reading electronic charts to extract data and support level of care (I’m told this is utilization review by a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff).

I’m trying to get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. I was told I have a solid resume but I’ve gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the first interview and the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience. What do I need to do to get into these fields? Any suggestions? We’re sorry to hear about your current situation! It’s always difficult to break into an entirely new field. Thesis Graduate Penn! However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on. Typically, Case Management and Utilization Review require InterQual experience. If you have experience with that system, then be sure to include it on your resume. Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in it.

Check with local and state agencies to see if there are any offerings for people in walter essayist, your situation. Also, review the thesis state specific details of each job opening and tailor your resume to include the key requirements where applicable. Check to see if there is a local association that you can network with like the Case Management Society of descriptive in third person, America for example. State! Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the walter father people you’ve interviewed with previously to see what they say. If so, look into certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of this thread and was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions? I can tell you put a lot of useful/productive feedback into your responses and would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of mine! P.S.

When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the comp. experience applies to or under a separate section such as the one you have listed as Comp. Experience? Thank you for all your time and effort! Thanks for reaching out! My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. Thanks so much for your interest though. Thesis! As for the computer experience, you can add it with any of the methods you described. Theses Full! The important thing is that it’s there. The resume builder on lists computer experience under a separate heading. We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and perspective employers and recruiters are able to easily locate the details on thesis penn, the members’ profiles and resumes.

Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, it’s good to have it easily accessible on your resume. However, it’s also good to add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume. It may not be as easy to locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and if dissertation, still presents the information. We hope this information helps! I am currently an RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit. Now I’m trying to thesis school state, move to a more challenging position. Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for cover technician level, 9 years in ER. Would it be wise to mention that experience? …maybe describing my duties and medical college? I work in graduate penn state, a program that enrolls military medic and corpsman and gives credit for essays, their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program.

My question is what should the graduate school penn state graduates highlight on their resumes? Many have extensive trauma and descriptive essays in third, nursing care experience. Thesis School Penn! Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern. Essays! I just finished my 2nd year of nursing and on a med Surg unit. I have been asked to apply to thesis school penn state, an ICU position and I need to theses dissertations, update my resume. I don’t know what to include. Prior to penn state, nursing, I was a surgical tech for 16+ years and active duty for 10 years.

I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to it when updating my resume! We’re glad to hear the information was useful. Congratulations on being asked to apply for in third, an ICU position. That’s a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of school, great experience to include on your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on if dissertation, your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to the ICU role you’ll be applying for. School Penn! However, you can also include brief descriptions of your surgical tech and dissertations, active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences. Relate all your work history descriptions to the ICU position. To do so, find out graduate school penn state as much as possible about the job and the unit. We hope this helps!! Oh MY! I’m sooOOO grateful to have found your blog page!

I was about to do my sister a grave disservice –as you’ve mentioned. Essay Growing! Indeed, the day of the one page crammer is graduate school state, passe’. Especially with the value of the keyword in electronic filing. Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Sis’s resume from cyberbullying, becoming fodder for the shredder. Graduate School! [[shudder]] We’re glad to theses dissertations full text, hear the information is useful.

To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to an individual. Thesis Penn! However, in most cases, people are attaching their resume in essays in third person, an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, it’s still good to be brief and choose your words wisely. Thesis Graduate Penn State! Don’t be overly verbose and don’t “keyword stuff.” However, you also shouldn’t be worried about a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Be sure to tailor the walter essayist resume’s wording to the job posting where applicable based on your background. We hope this helps! Thank you for this article! I realized that my resume was not up to par by reading this.

I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on the day to day. I recently worked at a hospital for thesis school penn state, 4 months and resigned due to it not being a good fit. It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse. Know! Should I include it on my resume? You’re welcome! We’re glad to hear you found the information useful. This is a tough question. I assume you’re asking because you’re concerned that the short employment duration might raise some questions in the minds of potential employers. That’s a valid concern.

On the flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to add to graduate school penn, your nursing resume. There is another issue to theses dissertations, consider. Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the healthcare professional’s employment history. Thesis Graduate State! Omitting a previous job on your employment application could be grounds for dismissal depending on how they have their clauses worded. Of course, this depends on walter, their ability to graduate school, verify the omitted employment. This may not necessarily affect you during the candidate review process when your resume is typically the document they’re working off of. However, if you land a job offer, then they’ll eventually require an application to cyberbullying, completed. If you choose to add the omitted job at that point, then you’ll have some explaining to do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. If you choose to add the employment to your resume, then you may want to offer a brief explanation of penn, why you left in your cover letter. It’s all about the story you tell.

We hope this helps. This is all great information but I do have a question. Know Published! I am a recent BSN grad and thesis school penn, licensed RN trying to land my first job. Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience? I have seen it both ways in examples online. Thanks, Kristin. We’re glad to descriptive person, hear this information on was useful. You’re correct, you’ll find preceptorship experience displayed both ways…under clinical and thesis graduate state, work experience.

To further confuse the growing up native issue, some people believe that clinical experience and work experience are one and the same while others believe they are two different things entirely. We view the preceptorship as something akin to a highly advanced internship. Graduate School Penn! For all intents and purposes, it is work experience. However, it doesn’t constitute a traditional employment relationship. Therefore, feel free to include it under either category on your resume, but be sure to clearly indicate that it’s your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the importance of professional networking when landing your first job.

70%-80% of all jobs are obtained through networking. While your resume is important, networking is the key…especially for new grads. We hope this information helps. Best of luck!! Great info – I could have used that for my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and hard to get my point across even when I know I’d be really good at the job I’m applying for. Thanks, Heidi! We don’t have any blog posts regarding interviews yet. Thanks for the suggestion.

We’ll explore the theses full topic soon. Thank you! This is graduate school penn, very informative. Do you have any sample resume and application letter? We’re glad to hear the information is essays, useful, Meth! Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for graduate school penn, free as a member of BluePipes. You can view our recommendations on descriptive essays person, writing a nursing cover letter. Thesis Graduate School! We hope this helps! I LOVE this information! Thank you.

Here’s my question. Letter For Lab Entry Level! I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980’s. How far back should I go? None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate). It’s been a long time since I’ve actually developed a resume and graduate penn, things have changed…Plus, this career doesn’t match those careers…. Is it appropriate to ask a nursing instructor to be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks! We’re glad to hear the information is letter level, helpful!!

Congratulations on your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, it’s a great idea to ask an instructor to be a reference. Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to graduate school, include on your resume aren’t so cut and dry. I think it’s fair to say that the vast majority of career consultants would say you shouldn’t put references on a resume. However, if you could get a redeeming quote from essayist father, a strong reference, like an instructor, to put in your resume summary, then it could be an graduate school state, eye catcher. You’re right, things have changed! We recommend reviewing our article on optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. However, one thing is as true today as it ever has been…networking is the single best approach to father, landing a job. We discuss the importance in our article with recommendations for graduate school penn state, New Grad RNs. It’s tough to recommend that you leave off your past education.

I’d say it would be good to add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!! Best of luck! Excellent information! Nursing is a second career for me and trying to father, put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge. You are right on the money….the resume I had for thesis graduate state, my corporate career doesn’t translate well into the healthcare field. I am currently looking for a new position and realized what I had on my resume wasn’t going to theses dissertations, work. I was destined to be one of thesis graduate school penn, those that got lost in the system.

The tips you provided have been so helpful. I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Full! Thank you again for providing such valuable information. Congratulations on your new career path! We’re so glad you found this information useful.

We wish you the thesis graduate school penn best of luck in your job search. We hope you’ll consider joining where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for free, and build your healthcare professional network. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Due to a job opportunity for my husband, we moved from KS to PA in 2012.

Even securing an interview has been daunting! I have gotten some feedback from ‘ recruiters’ in a large hospital in Pittsburgh, which was to be sure to apply to walter, the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long. How is thesis school penn, that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse. It seems the practice of the three major ‘players’ in this area, is to lay off their experienced nurses, in favor of hiring new grads and those with ‘ at least a year experience’. I did secure an interview which ended favorably; just short of a job offer. If Dissertation! The next step at this particular hospital required by the nurse recruiter, was to graduate penn state, list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. I have been in essay, nursing since 1974! LPN in 1977 and school penn state, BSN in 1989. When she responded to letter technician, my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to complete, was ‘we want to make certain we give you recognition for all the years you have been a nurse. AND, that was the last I heard from thesis graduate school penn state, them.

I contend she realized I would have to start at the upper end of compensation for my experience. Cyberbullying! Do you know of anyone who may be advocating for the ‘older nurse?’ Never thought I would use those words to describe myself… I am so much more than my age. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in my assessments, professional role model and delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to these concerns. I am ready to consult with the department of labor regarding this ‘alleged practice’ to decrease costs per fte.I think it’s a shame! really good information here!

I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips – will definitely share with friends and collegues. Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice. School Penn! I’ve yet to figure how to growing up native, be concise yet detailed with these tips in mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. However, I always wanted to do LD or NICU.

I did my preceptorship in 2011 in thesis graduate penn state, LD. Cover For Lab Level! How can I use my experience and thesis graduate school penn, make it appealing for LD again? We’re glad to hear that you found the information useful! You can view the BluePipes sample resume to get an idea for formatting yours. Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and descriptive in third person, you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Also, you might be interested in reading our post on resume length. You can find creative ways to translate your Psych and graduate school, SNF experience to if dissertation, NICU and L#038;D. However, you most likely won’t be able to address the unique technical skills required for these units.

You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and newborns in your community. While it’s always tough to find time to volunteer, you’ll be doing a great service for your community and thesis school state, getting some relevant experience to add to your resume. Thank you for this very interesting article. I have been an RN for 9 years; 4 years at cyberbullying, the bedside and 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and some inpatient care. I would like to transition back to the bedside but feel that my lack of direct patient care over the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. How can I turn this perceived negative into thesis graduate penn state a positive and at least get through the front door of the interview process? You’re welcome, we hope you found the walter essayist father article useful. Yours is a legitimate challenge that many nurses share.

With respect to your resume, you should focus on demonstrating how your recent experience translates to school penn, bedside nursing. While we’re not familiar with your specific scenario, we’re certain that there are aspects of dissertations full text, your experience with outpatient, telehealth and inpatient care that translate to graduate state, bedside nursing. Carefully review the job duties and qualifications of essay growing, bedside nurses, and not just those found in the job descriptions of online job postings, to get ideas for thesis penn, framing your recent experience in dissertations full text, a way that applies to bedside nursing. Next, focus on writing an excellent nursing cover letter in which you present yourself as a solution to thesis penn state, the problems facing the employer in question. Of course, you’re still going to have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to the lack of recent bedside experience. Therefore, networking is a must. Nearly 40% of know if dissertation, all new-hires are the thesis graduate penn state result of employee referral.

With 9 years of experience, you’re bound to have some connections and essayist father, now is the time to leverage them. We realize this type of thesis state, job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is too good to neglect it. Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and if dissertation published, LinkedIn to enhance your networking efforts. Thesis Graduate School Penn State! Finally, we’ve spoken to many nurses who tout the benefits of refresher courses for bedside nursing. While we aren’t familiar with such courses, the essay growing up native fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. We hope this information helps…and Good Luck!! i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. I am a new grad RN and have several nursing job applications that have been under review for over a month. Graduate School Penn State! Last week I became certified in ACLS and was wondering how to essayist, go about informing the hospitals that I am waiting to school state, hear back from that I am newly certified in this skill, since it is not on my resume that they have on file (that I originally sent in). Congratulations on your recent achievements! This is a great question.

You may be able to log in to the hospitals’ applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile. Either way, you may also want to give them a call, ask for the staffing office and pose this question to the representative you speak with. We find that hospitals are quite responsive to candidate inquiries relative to other employers. Text! We hope these recommendations help, and we’d love to hear back about state what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck! I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. When a nurse applies for cover for lab entry, a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to school, work. I actually think it’s a bit juvenile to know if dissertation, put availability on your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is a well-crafted cover letter to thesis state, accompany their resume.

The additional touch of know if dissertation, a thoughtful and appropriate cover-letter can help give you an graduate state, edge over other applicants who omit this step. I found some good details on cover letters for published, nurses here: . Thanks for thesis graduate, the feedback, Brittney. Including availability on a nursing resume is important for many reasons. First, the job applied for isn’t the only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about all of the available jobs with a particular employer. Second, job specs don’t always display every last pertinent detail. With respect to availability, this can mean that a job advertised for day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. This happens frequently when the job board technology limits the for lab technician level employer’s ability to penn, accurately display the shifts.

Third, job specs often change on the back-end and are never updated on the front-end. Essays! So a job that’s advertised for penn state, days may have changed to nights without being updated on the job board. Fourth, due to the proliferation of applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to a searchable database these days. So resumes are searchable for future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the candidate with the most attributes in essayist father, common with any given job description. So in thesis school penn state, all of the scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal. Finally, it’s true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for a specific job description when a specific job is being applied for. However, a plurality of walter essayist father, jobs are filled via networking and referrals. Thesis Graduate School Penn! In such cases, it’s rare that a specific job is being applied for. Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to a contact who has connections with the employer in essays, question. Thesis School State! The resume is reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and the candidate is theses full text, contacted.

Again, availability is one detail that recruiters and hiring managers are looking for. Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and related to graduate school, this topic. However, they necessitate their own discussion and we plan on addressing this in a future blog post. This is great information! As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in the healthcare field what would you recommend? I have over 4 years in retail but I’m not sure if this would make much of a difference for recruiters. Any help is greatly appreciated, thanks! Hi there!

Wow this information is if dissertation, great! Although I’m still an undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for tips to keep in mind when applying for a job! I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the Nursing field… For a while, I was thinking of minoring in something in addition to Nursing that I can apply to the work field. I know that computer knowledge is a great booster for a resume, but I wanted to know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for thesis graduate penn state, in their RNs? Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! We’re glad you found the information useful! Yes, computer knowledge is a great booster for essay growing up native, the resume. Thesis State! You can look into Health Care Informatics as an in third person, option for a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish. In fact, Spanish is a huge selling point these days.

As a side note: make the absolute most of your preceptorship. Thesis Graduate Penn! Be at your best and letter for lab technician entry, use the opportunity to school, network with everyone you can. We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is great information! Thank you!

I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself? I have done all of these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it. Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for 3 years and a hospital pharmacy tech of 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Know! Because it is not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to add some experience. Thanks! We’re happy to hear you found the information helpful, Dashia!

You pose an excellent question regarding the school penn inclusion of non-RN healthcare experience on your resume. Cyberbullying Essays! There isn’t a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and you’re going to find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. I fall in the yes camp and believe you should include all healthcare related experience on your resume for several reasons. First, it demonstrates progression within the thesis school general field of healthcare. Second, it conveys additional experience within the field that other candidates may not have. Third, in many cases (and certainly in your case) the experience is related to the jobs you’re applying for. Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience. Fifth, unbeknownst to many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to 10 years of work history regardless of whether or not it was healthcare related. While this requirement doesn’t factor into their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the information at some point during the hiring process.

Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in applicant tracking systems. I hope this information helps! This information is very helpfull. Hi. I obtained an MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN.

I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well. I recommend including your overseas education. I agree that it most likely will not influence the initial resume screening process. Essay Growing Up Native! However, it could have influence later in the process. You may not want to make it a significant part of your resume, but I think including it is school penn, better than not. It certainly enhances your personal story. Do you have an example resume?

Hey Michaele, My apologies for the delay. We’ve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain. We do not have an example nurse resume that we’re able to publish to cyberbullying essays, the blog at this time. Graduate School State! However, we will work on getting one up soon. Also, I recommend becoming a member on essays, BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to thesis graduate school penn state, record the top 10 details recommended for nursing resumes in this article. You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for me. I am a new LPN attempting to start my career in a new state and have read a lot of advice on that is wrong. Know If Dissertation! I’ll take the advice of a recruiter over general opinions anytime.

Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to thesis graduate school penn state, include your license # details until you actually get a job offer. Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on my resume in order to be considered. I was hesitant since all the threads warn of protecting it at all cost due to identity theft? I’m glad you clarified this and cyberbullying, some other points. I do have one question that is graduate penn state, not addressed in walter essayist father, your article. If you are continuing your education to graduate penn state, receive your BSN or MSN for essays, example would mentioning that on your resume make a candidate more desirable to potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, I’m glad to hear that you’ve found the information useful. Great question!!

I think it’s a great idea to add your education in progress to your resume. I recommend including an estimated completion date and perhaps even the number of units completed to date. School Penn! There are several reasons adding your education in progress could be beneficial. First, it could result in theses text, a higher ranking by the Applicant Tracking System. Second, it shows that you’re interested in advancing your knowledge and thesis state, your career. Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation.

As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is a matter of public record already. Cover Level! Anybody can go to your state board of nursing and penn, search by name to verify your state license, which includes the descriptive essays person license number. Thesis Graduate School Penn! So, even letting someone know your name, that you’re a registered nurse, and in third person, the state you’re licensed in provides the means to easily obtain your license number. Thesis School State! Providing it on your resume simply allows the descriptive essays person human resources rep to skip this step. Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the chain.

And remember, you’re attaching your resume in secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of which also ask for your Social Security Number and Date of Birth (although some states prohibit employers from asking for SSN on job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the NCLEX, and now I am working on school, my resume. I already have a BA and MSW, which I will include on my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and don’t have credits towards the degree. Cover Entry! Thanks for graduate, your advice. Congratulations on your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for technician entry, which there is no steadfast answer.

My belief is that it wouldn’t be appropriate to thesis school state, include the information in the Education section of your resume because you haven’t yet been accepted to a BSN program. Walter Essayist Father! However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to a program. Penn! Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in your nursing resume summary. We hope you find this response useful. Please feel free to post any follow-up or additional questions you may have. Good luck!! I have an additional question regarding previous education that I haven’t seen asked by anyone. I’m an older new grad. I recently had someone look at one of my resumes and give me her input. She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree). Walter! In some ways I think it’s not a bad idea since the previous education dates me if I include the years I attended (which I don’t but suppose that omission might make HR wonder).

On the other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for undergrad and thesis penn, grad studies, not to theses dissertations full text, mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though it’s not in school penn state, the sciences. It seems like the RN to BSN courses are more human and published, social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and that is the majority of my BA. School State! OK… That’s some background info, now I’ll get to the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the last 10 years of essay growing, employment history. Thesis Graduate State! Do you think this ‘rule’ also applies to education? Should I leave it to know if dissertation published, discuss in an interview (as recommended by the person who revised my resume)? I’m feeling very conflicted about thesis graduate penn state this. Descriptive! The new resume doesn’t feel like me, my degrees can be related to the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and when you fill in the online application portion they ask for all education (although you usually have to add on education). I would greatly appreciate your insight and recommendation. My sincerest apologies for the delay. Congratulations on your recent graduation! This is thesis school penn, a tough situation.

Both sides of the theses full argument have merit. Moreover, there really aren’t any steadfast rules about resumes…only staunch opinions. To me, your nursing resume and cover letter are all about telling your story in a way that convinces the reader you’re the right person for the job while providing them with the details they need. Personally, I’d keep the education details on thesis graduate school penn state, the resume, and use a brief portion of the cover letter to dissertations full, tie that education into the story about you being the best candidate for thesis school penn, the job in question. Given the information you’ve provided about essayist father your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to do just that. Again, there is no right or wrong answer here. You may even try it both ways. Some readers will appreciate it one way and other will appreciate it another.

However, I’m of the belief that all education is valuable. I hope this information helps. We’d love to hear back about how it all works out!!

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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Causal analysis essays answer the question, Why? Many times, answer to this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is thesis penn state, called a speculating about causes essay. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the growing up native, cause, providing support for your answer with reasons and evidence. Graduate Penn. • Why do people do that? • Why does this happen? • Why is walter, this a trend? • Why does it occur? What causes people to develop phobias?

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Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless? Why do young people join gangs? Why do young people make graffiti? Why do fewer young people vote (compared to older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read?

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Why are random shootings becoming more common in the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the U.S. government shut down of 2013? Why is North Korea so closed to the rest of the thesis graduate school penn, world? Or why is it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and more people moving to large cities and up native away from penn state rural areas? (You could talk about essays, this worldwide or apply this question to one country or region of the world.) Why has the neo-conservative movement developed in American politics? Why has neo-Nazism been on the rise in Germany? Why is graduate school penn, China going to published, ease up on the one-child policy? Why did Donald Trump win in the 2016 election? Why have the graduate, police been targeted by gunmen recently in the U.S.? Why are terrorists choosing to use vehicles as weapons?

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Why did Japan attack the U.S. at Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an atomic bomb to end the war? Why is thesis graduate penn state, it important to study history? (Depending on how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of possible answers. Know Published. Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay. However, you should probably make the thesis graduate penn state, question as short as possible for the title. Your answer to the question will be the thesis of your paper. Dissertations. Introduction: Start your introduction by graduate penn state, interesting your reader in the topic and describing the situation or effect. See the cyberbullying essays, chart for easy introduction and conclusion ideas.

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Very helpful. I love all these questions and penn essay topics, thanks. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Another great post for teachers and walter father students! I always learn to much from your sharing. Thank you! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people.

So many of the people who teach the thesis penn, beginning levels of walter essayist father college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves. Penn. I know how hard it can be to full, come up with good lesson plans and instructions. That is why I've decided to post my own notes and instructions that I've developed in teaching for school state, over 20 years. Hezekiah 3 years ago from Japan. Growing. Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at Uni or High School. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and thesis state respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of walter their respective owners. HubPages ® is thesis graduate school penn, a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.

HubPages and if dissertation published Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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college essay jokes Jokes and Anecdotes about Financial Aid. This page contains a list of financial aid jokes and anecdotes. Financial aid administrators should feel free to use these jokes and anecdotes to liven up otherwise droll financial aid information nights. Where known, we've attributed the source of these jokes and thesis school state anecdotes. The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 will benefit three main types of taxpayers: accountants, financial planners, and attorneys. Did you hear about the banker who was arrested for embezzling $100,000 to pay for if dissertation published, his daughter's college education? As the policeman, who also had a daughter in college, was leading him away in handcuffs, he said to the banker, I have just one question for you. Where were you going to get the rest of the money? A student was standing near the college mail room with a package in her hands and a depressed look on graduate school state her face.

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Permanent dye, temporary dye, what's the big deal? Learn to deal with it. You'll have plenty of time as he is sitting out a few days of school after instigating a food fight. I'll take care of filing your phone number with the vice principal. Dissertations! Oh yes, he and all of his friends have raging hormones. This is the house of thesis graduate school penn, testosterone and it will be much more peaceful when he lives in essay your home.

DO NOT leave any of graduate penn, them unsupervised with girls, explosives, inflammables, inflatables, vehicles, or telephones. (I'm sure that you will find telephones a source of umimaginable amusement, and be sure to lock out the in third 900 and 976 numbers?) Heather is an alien. Thesis Penn State! She slid through a time warp and walter essayist appeared quite by magic one year. I'm sure this one is yours. Thesis Graduate! She is 10 going on 21. Know Published! She came from graduate state a bad trip in the sixties. She wears tie-dyed clothes, beads, sandals, and hair that looks like Tiny Tim's. Fortunately you will be raising my taxes to up native, help offset the pinch of her remedial reading courses. Hooked on Phonics is thesis graduate school penn state expensive so the schools dropped it. Good news! You can buy it yourself for half the published amount of the deduction that you are denying!

It's quite obvious that we were terrible parents (ask the other two) so they have helped raise this one to a new level of terror. Thesis Graduate School Penn State! She cannot speak English. Most people under twenty understand the curious patois she fashioned out of valley girls/boys in the hood/reggae/yuppie/political double speak. I don't. The school sends her to a speech pathologist who has her roll her R's. Essays! It added a refreshing Mexican/Irish touch to penn, her voice. She wears hats backwards, pants baggy and wants one of her ears pierced four more times. There is a fascination with tattoos that worries me but I am sure that you can handle it. Bring a truck when you come to get her, she sort of theses full text, nests in her room and graduate school state I think that it would be easier to move the entire thing than find out full, what it is really made of. You denied two of the school penn three exemptions so it is only fair you get to pick which two you will take. I prefer that you take the youngest, I still go bankrupt with Kristen's college but then I am free!

If you take the two oldest then I still have time for counseling before Heather becomes a teenager. If you take the two girls then I won't feel so bad about putting Patrick in a military academy. Please let me know of essays in third, your decision as soon as possible as I have already increased the graduate state withholding on my W-4 to cover the $395 in descriptive essays additional tax and to make a down payment on an airplane. LETTER OF APPLICATION. Use these on overhead projector transparencies for an instant laugh. Alternative Plan to Financial Aid:

Get injured on thesis penn state college property. Funny But True Anecdotes. Related by Gerard Anderson, Director of Financial Aid, Hofstra University Law School, Hempstead, New York: A few years back an angry law student comes storming into essay up native, my office demanding to know why she did not receive a need based grant. I pull her file and explain to school penn, that while her parents claimed no assets they reported $20,000+ in interest income on their tax returns so we assumed an know if dissertation, asset of $XXXXX was needed to generate that kind of thesis school penn state, interest - she promptly storms out. Know If Dissertation Published! Jump forward one year the student is back in my office having a fit because her parents don't have that asset any longer and we still didn't give her a need based grant - she was right they only graduate state reported about cyberbullying, $4,000 in school penn state interest that year. Published! However, this year while the student reported having no assets guess what? Lo and behold there on her tax return was interest income of thesis school, about $16,000. Smart huh? Related by essays in third person, Samantha Kahn, Financial Aid Counselor, California State University, East Bay: I'd been on the phone several times with the mom.

I forget what they were asking for, I think they'd completed a PLUS credit app and were preapproved but never submitted the prom note for it (those came through the college before going to the lender). One day the dad calls and starts ripping me up and down because the money hasn't arrived. I can hear that mom is in the background saying things like I've taken care of it and when the thesis penn state dad finally bellows, Well, what I want to cover letter entry level, know is, whose fault is it that the money isn't there?! and mom shouts Tim, it was MY fault! I didn't send in the application until the day before yesterday! Sweet, sweet vindication. Related by Celena Rader-Lambdin, Director of Financial Aid, Lincoln Memorial University, Harrogate, Tennessee: My favorite story is the thesis school penn student who received a Satisfactory Academic Progress letter. and called to ask what we meant calling her a SAP! Related by LaTasha Goudeau, Director, Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid, UH-Downtown: Our former director received a call from an angry student.

The student left a voice mail stating that she was upset because we had lost her paperwork and that she had submitted this paperwork to for lab, us several times. She wanted her file processed immediately and compensation for the lost documents and time. Well, she apparently was on a three-way call with a friend and thought she had disconnected the school state call. You could then hear her telling her friend, You have to if dissertation published, lie to graduate penn, them to walter father, get what you want. Then the voice mail prompts, You have 30 seconds before call is disconnected. Needless to say we never heard anything else from her. Related by Allene Curto: This student was one of about 50 students who had completed FA documents verrrrrrrrrrry late - the day before fall registration in early August many years ago - but I had managed to review the files and run the award letters and brought them to the students at the registration site.

I handed the student her award packet and thesis graduate told her that her award information was inside. I sent her off with a cheery - let us know if you have any questions! In mid-October, I received an extremely angry call from this same student who was furious that the term was half way over and we still hadn't sent her any money. I told her we were still waiting for her award reply telling us how much of letter technician level, her loan she wanted to accept. Penn State! She blew up and asked how she was supposed to know that she needed to tell us that. Cyberbullying! I said It's right on the letter that we don't process your aid until one copy is returned (we send 2) and there is a Reply section on thesis graduate penn state the letter . The response? (drum roll, please. Essays Person! ) You never told me that I had to READ the thesis school letter! and she hung up on me. By the way - we had also sent her two award reply follow-up requests. ah well. Related by Kerrie Cooper, SUNY Canton:

My staff starts making phone calls in the middle of the semester to theses dissertations full, student who still owe us paperwork to complete their financial aid processing. One of our staff called and got a student's roommate who indicated that the student was not there. She asked if she could leave a message for the student. The roommate's response was No, because we don't have an answering machine. My staff member was speechless! Related by thesis, Nicole Porter: A student at a college I worked at know, previously received a letter requesting Proof of her Visa. She promptly faxed us her Visa Credit Card!

Related by Phillip Knight: A man called, said he needed his financial aid money immediately. I asked him what school term he was enrolled in, he said none, I am not going to school, I am down at the library and school penn need cab fare home. I asked why he was calling me, he said that They had told him we gave out free money!! Related by Robert Clarke, Director of Financial Aid, George Fox University: Several years ago, I was reviewing a PJ request. The mother had a fairly large AGI due to capital gains of $50,000. She had petitioned to have the $50,000 capital gains removed. When I asked why, she said it was winnings from the state lottery (different state). I said, great, you can use some of cyberbullying, that money to help pay for your student's college expenses (I know, crazy idea). Anyway, she said she couldn't because she had won a '55 T-bird.

I told her that she could choose to sell the car. Penn! She told me she couldn't sell it, because it was what she drove to work in, and she needed a car to get to work. She didn't like my response which had to do with the comparison between a Cadillac and a Toyota. Both would get her to work. Related by Wanda Upton, Corporate Financial Aid, Virginia College: Our financial aid offices mails loan disbursement notifications to every student when loan funds have been credited to walter essayist, his/her tuition account. The letter states the amount of the thesis graduate school penn state loan disbursement, type of loan as well as notifying the student of his rights. Know If Dissertation Published! This particular student took his letter to his bank, gave it to thesis graduate penn, the teller and essayist told her that he wanted to withdraw the state money from his checking account. Guess he did not bother reading the letter. Essayist Father! (Imagine that). Related by Lena Terry, Director of Financial Aid, Bellin College of Nursing, Green Bay, Wisconsin:

Several years ago (before the thesis school penn state days of electronic FAFSA filing), an essays, adult prospective student (thirty-something) brought her FAFSA to my office along with the thesis graduate school penn state envelope (the pre-addressed envelope supplied with the paper FAFSA and instruction booklet). She held them both out to me and cover for lab technician entry level asked how to thesis penn, fold the FAFSA to make it fit in the envelope. She went through the walter father motions of showing me that it would not fit folded in thesis graduate school penn state half nor any other way that she could come up with to fold it. Needless to say, this gal did not actually make it into the college. Related by Addalou Davis, Director of Financial Aid, University of the Pacific:

Student asks for if dissertation, financial aid re-consideration because of a funeral expense: $1,600 for burial and funeral for her horse. I kept a straight face and the tears forming in my eyes she actually thought were from graduate state sympathy -- not trying to hold back my laugher. Related by cyberbullying, Addalou Davis, Director of Financial Aid, University of the Pacific: On the verification form we use Martha Jones as the example. Student came in graduate school and told the front counter person: Martha Jones isn't a member of my family.

Related by Dr. Pat Watkins of Eckerd College of theses, Saint Petersburg, Florida: Recently I received a call from a father asking why his daughter didn't qualify for state, a subsidized loan. I explained that the EFC was above the cost of education, so she could only receive an unsubsidized loan. But my EFC is $15,000. Your costs are above $30,000 per year. According to the records I have, your EFC is theses full $60,000. Is your income $180,000? Have you made any corrections to your FAFSA?

No he answered. But that $60,000 EFC is for four years isn't it? So my annual contribution is $15,000. There was silence when I let him know that the thesis school penn $60,000 EFC was for one year. I think he and his wife are still in shock. Related by Nancy Amaral, Director of Financial Aid at Pine Manor College of Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts: I wanted to give this student a scholarship just for father, honesty. In the old days, before it was PC to use the term Gender, one of our forms asked Name, Age, Sex.

The student answer. Billy Smith, 18, Once in Junior Year. Related by thesis graduate, C. If Dissertation Published! Edward Kerestly, Director of Scholarships and Financial Aid at Calvin College of Grand Rapids, Michigan: One of my staff is reviewing scholarship applications. Within the thesis graduate school state essay section a student wrote that she did not have time to essay growing, complete the essay but that we should feel free to contact her if we wanted any additional information. She then provided her email. Needless to say, she will not get the graduate penn state scholarship. Related by Dorothy Gillman, Associate Director of Financial Aid at Ramapo College of New Jersey: I received a call from our Perkins Loan administrator today advising that he had a student in his office demanding that his Parking Loan be canceled as he had already paid his parking fee.

Realted by Matthew Clemons, Associate Director of essays, Financial Aid and Admission, Manhattan School of Music: We had a student who originally qualified for work study but when state awards were processed late, the graduate penn state amount of letter for lab technician level, grant money she was receiving brought her up to the cost of attendance. Her response? Well, I was planning on working anyway. Could I still work and just do it for thesis graduate penn, free? Related by Troy Martin, Director of if dissertation, Financial Aid at Houghton College: Hougton is a school affiliated with the Wesleyan Church. So, on our institutional aid application, we ask for Church Affiliation (since we give Wesleyans a small grant). Once a prospective student came up to me and asked, What does Church AFFLICTION mean? Related by Marilyn Enstrom, Assistant Director of Financial Aid at Wheaton College: When the unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loan first came into existence a few years ago, some of our students were (naturally) a bit confused about what it was.

Demonstrating just how confusing financial aid terms can be, one of our students sent us a loan application with a note that said, Enclosed is the application and promissory note for the UNSUBSTANTIATED loan. Related by Sherwood Johnson of thesis school penn state, CUNY: We had a student from published a very large family submit a SAR that was selected for verification. Graduate School! The student was a permanent resident who had been in this country for only a few years. We informed the student that he was required (among other things) to verify his household size of 12. For this the student was given a verification form and told that he could attach a separate sheet for additional family members. So the published student took the penn form home for completion and lo and behold the form came back verifying the household size as follows (not real names): I will never be able to use the phrase verify household size without thinking of this case. Related by Dan Preston, Linfield College: A student listed his family members on a verification worksheet in the following manner (names have been changed): Our office got quite a laugh out of dissertations full, his little bothers. Related by Julia Clayton, Associate Director of Financial Aid at the University of Utah:

A student called one of our lenders and said, I got my check for the Stafford Loan today. That was nice, thanks. Now, where and when can I pick up the school penn state check for my Family Contribution? Related by Ron Stamps of Xavier University: Yesterday, a woman finally decided to call her financial aid counselor (me) since she kept sending her SAR back to the Feds for correction and descriptive in third they wouldn't correct it. I asked her which item she was correcting. She said, My son filed a 1040EZ and thesis graduate school state that paper keeps saying that he filed a 1040A/EZ. Why don't they correct it? Related by J. Patton of USI:

A nursing student with a very high GPA got really upset because the toll-free number printed on our missing items letter wouldn't work for her. She ended up calling me on the local line. While she was chewing me out, I looked up her address on essays my terminal. She lives right here in Evansville. Graduate State! When I explained that the toll-free number was for long distance only, she insisted that we include that bit of information in our letter. Related by Troy Martin, Director of Financial Aid at walter, Houghton College: As I walked in to give a financial aid presentation at a local high school last week, the guidance counselor had an thesis penn, overhead slide with the following: I think he was kidding. Related by Carol Hawley of Bucknell: Seen in text the signature line of a student's post: [The student's name and school address have been changed to graduate school penn, protect the student's identity.] Related by Bob Moore, Western NV Community College:

We use a Touch-Tone Telephone Registration (TTTR) for in third, registration. Someone just called me and said the school TTTR system told her to enter a 10 followed by the number sign. She was confused because there wasn't a 10 on her phone. Then there was the student who called our office and told us she needed a phone to do registration. We almost asked what she was using to call us (and she was using a touch-tone phone, not a rotary). And then there was a student who wanted to use the phones in our office because, in her words, they were closer to the computer. We didn't have the heart to tell her the mainframe computer was in cyberbullying Reno, thirty miles away. Related by Julie Setzer: At a school where I worked a couple of years ago, the graduate school mother of a student remarried and tried to get permission to exclude the step-father's information on the FAFSA.

She appealed to everyone she could think of, including the US Department of Education. Our Financial Aid Director was getting very exasperated with the situation. Cyberbullying Essays! He had explained things over and over and over to the mother, and she still wouldn't back down. Thesis Graduate Penn State! Finally, our usually-genteel director blurted out, So what you're saying is that you want to descriptive essays, put the burden of your child's education on the US taxpayers rather than the man you sleep with every night? The mother immediately became quiet, and she said, You know, I never thought of thesis graduate, it like that. Essay Growing! She accepted things from that point on. I think a good explanation of that type of situation is graduate school state that even though the walter essayist father child may not be adopted by the stepfather, the custodial parent (mother) receives direct benefit from the stepfather's income and assets; therefore, his information must be included.

End of story! Related by thesis school state, Gail Catron: One of our students at Wytheville Community College called Counseling and told the Counselor that she could not register until she got her pelvic check. Related by Kate Lockhart: The secretary at a previous school was very dedicated to her work and was eager to demonstrate the knowledge she was gaining. Descriptive Essays Person! Eventually, she began to counsel students and their families about the thesis penn financial aid process. One day as she was counseling a Mom and her son, I overheard her say that the formula used to determine the expected family contribution figure was known as federal mythology. Related by Denise Daniel: Once upon a time I told a student we needed his Independent Verification form and his IRS tax form.

My front desk person got a laugh when the person student called to penn, see if we'd received his Declaration of Independence and if dissertation his 10-W-40! Related by Judith A. Thesis Graduate State! Kotar: A couple of weeks after the Oklahoma bombing, our student Ms. XYZ returned to dissertations, class having attended the graduate school funeral of a relative killed in the bombing. She spent her money on descriptive the airfare and now needed money for books. We were sympathetic until we got a copy of the ticket. Thesis State! She bought it the day before the bombing. Ms. ABC picked up her financial aid check then dropped out of school.

She had moved to a different apartment. She was too busy to attend class because she was working more hours at her Work Study job to pay for the apartment. Ms. MNO had just cashed her financial aid checks at a bank. She left her purse in the car as she dashed into the Day Care Center. When she returned moments later her purse was gone from the front seat. Essay Growing! Could we please get her another Pell Grant for spring term? Related by thesis graduate school, Rachel Siegenthaler:

I was talking to a student about his Stafford Loans and I asked him which lender he used. He said, . well, I got the loan from Maryland National Bank, but they told me that they sold it to a lady named Sallie. Related by Richard Woodland: A law school student was in the financial aid office completing a Stafford Loan Application. Being a 1st year law student, he wanted to be sure he understood every item on the form. After about an hour of theses dissertations full text, this tedious give and take with the harried staff member, he finally got to thesis graduate penn state, the question that asked for CLASS. When he questioned this item, the exasperated clerk replied, Class, either you got it or you don't. Do you think you have any class? Answer Yes or No!

Related by Jo Lopez: A couple of years ago we asked students to pick up their loan applications at the lender of their choice, and walter provided a list of local participating lenders. One student turned in thesis graduate state five (5) Stafford loan applications at the loan counseling session. When I asked which lender he wanted to essay up native, use, his reply was All of thesis school state, them!. Related by Howard Fischer: One of my counselors got a call from a student who was upset. Up Native! She said that she thought it was clear that she was in the Undergraduate program, but we accidentally sent her the graduate school state Masters Promissory Note.

Advice on Presentations. The following advice on livening up a financial aid information night comes from Jim Contreras of the Community College of Aurora. We liven up our financial aid information sessions by demonstrating that they can go to the grocery store to find scholarships. We then pull out a grocery bag and theses dissertations full text give away products like Noxema, Pepsi and even Orville Redenbacher with their scholarship applications attached. Our theme is Seek and you will find; ask and you shall receive. We have fun with it and you and thesis they will be surprised by what you can find out essay growing, there. Financial aid counselors interested in thesis more details or tips about how they can get their presentation/event sponsored by one of the scholarship products may call him at 1-303-361-7393 or send him email at . [Note: The Orville Redenbacher second start scholarship no longer exists.] Top 10 Reasons to Be a Financial Aid Officer (via Doreen Coker) We want to know published, eliminate FAT. We like paper cuts.

We thought it would be easy. We failed the CPA exam. It's possibly safer that bungee jumping. Patrons are always so appreciative. Thesis Graduate School Penn! Professional judgment is a snap. Descriptive Essays Person! We like waking up to a new world each day. It's a great way to meet irate people. We own shares in forms printing companies. We love enforcing regulations that have no identifiable purpose. WE NEED ANALYSIS. Top 10 Reasons to graduate penn state, Work in essays in third person a Financial Aid Office (Dan Vaughn)

If I had a job where I got home early, I'd have to thesis graduate penn state, do the dishes. People yell at full text, me. and I like it! The smell of government documents turns me on. Telling people I give away money makes me feel important. Graduate School Penn! To complete my chewed pencil collection. Ever since I wrote that Marquis de Sade term paper, I've just been this way. All the good jobs were taken. Descriptive Essays Person! I always wanted an office with padded wallpaper. Staff meetings, staff meetings, staff meetings! The look on their little faces when I say, You're check's not here!

Top 10 Time Consuming Activities of a Financial Aid Administrator. Explaining to congressional staffers that their boss probably voted for reauthorization of the graduate school HEA and created the circumstances which have made his/her constituent unhappy. Know! Explaining to students why they are not considered independent while their parents, who are present, express incredulity. Explaining to SFA staff why we make sometimes exceptions. Explaining to school state, the business office why we are $63 off on essay up native a $3 million grant program (reason: automatic tuition refunds). Graduate! Explaining to the public relations folks that sado-masochism is not strictly a FAA trait. Explaining to the FFELP loan servicer that the 7-month rule no longer applies. Explaining to your spouse why you can't leave this profession for one which allows more time at home with the family. Explaining to cover, the enrollment management committee why not everyone leaves the SFA Office with a smile on their face. Explaining to your boss that you don't have time to process financial aid because you spend all your time explaining stuff.

Top 10 Reasons Why I Work in the Financial Aid Office (Michael Wernon) I like to make students cry! Great conferences. I now know that not all important federal documents come from Pueblo, Colorado. Thesis Graduate School Penn! I like to make students cry! It's my own personal version of the movie Groundhog Day. I love all those nifty acronyms. I'm looked up to and repected by both students and college administration, alike.

I like to make students cry! I want to actively contribute to the paperwork reduction act. Walter Father! What else do you do with a degree in thesis graduate the humanities? Top 10 Reasons Why I Chose Financial Aid as a Profession (Ron Stamps) I've always wanted to be a detective. I have fourteen children who plan to attend the college where I work. When they said director, I thought they said conducter. I've always wanted to work on a train.

I flunked my Army physical and had to walter father, take a lower paying job. Penn! My position as a taster at theses dissertations full text, Budweiser was eliminated during cost-cutting. I thought financial aid workers got percentages of their federal student loans forgiven for thesis penn, each year of service. I lost my license to drive a semi and had to take a lower paying job. I was over-qualified for admissions. As a former politician/attorney, I wanted to improve my public image. I am actually an agent with the FBI looking for students who failed to cyberbullying essays, register for the draft. Top 10 Reasons To Be a Financial Aid Administrator (Marty Somero)

Don't have to worry about where to go on summer vacation. Auditors know how financial aid really works! Always enough money to go around. Registrar approved drops - two years later. Can order all the thesis FAFSA's you want. If Dissertation Published! Friends and family understand exactly what you do for a living.

Admissions Director always satisfied with date new award letters sent. Sooner or later, bound to penn state, be right on loan fees. If quick, can usually send SAP suspension letters to obnoxious students right before Christmas. Full! It's still better then being a FED. Top 10 Benefits of Being a Financial Aid Administrator (Sheriff Dave) No salary cap like in the NBA and NFL. Thesis School Penn State! You get all the respect of know if dissertation, South American soccer referees and Little League umpires. You get to use the intertwined S's key on your word processor more than ANYBODY else. Thesis Penn State! That squinty look you've acquired from essay reading Federal Registers is considered very sexy in certain circles. You get to graduate penn, use more acronyms than NASA or the military.

A lifetime supply of Florida Federal sticky notes. BEOG Dial-Awards have become collectors' items. You know why the Educational Savings and theses full text Asset Protection Allowance is what it is. Great press in the trade publications--just ask a former USED official! Living each day with that feeling of total control. Top 10 Reasons to Work in Financial Aid. The Big Package Sometimes you get to make people cry Drowning in graduate penn state SAP The rules only change every 6 years with reauthorization Respect and admiration from the rest of the theses campus Students who faint in your office because they haven't eaten in 3 days You too can be a WhizKid Algebra finally has a use in calculating loan fees Working in school state the area the congress holds as a #1 priority Two Words -- program reviews. Why I Choose To Be in Financial Aid. I enjoy working long hours and my evening conversations with the custodial staff. I enjoy working in an office cluttered with several thousand pieces of paper. Know! The pay is much better than other positions at my school with similar responsibilities.

The job is very structured and routine. Thesis Graduate! I never have to adapt to change. I enjoy developing forms, having them printed, and then cutting them up to use as scratch paper. It's fun giving money away, especially when I have enough to walter essayist father, give to every student who wants it, and with no strings attached. When enrollment declines, I don't get blamed, the Admissions Office does. I enjoy reading federal registers and other fiction.

I like defending my reason for existence when I have a vacancy in graduate school penn state the office. I like to walter, answer every question asked by students with the words It depends. Thesis! I enjoy explaining to auditors the difference between grants and loans. Computerizing my office has made my job so much easier because things run so smoothly. I like to talk in secret code when explaining financial aid to students and parents. I'm still afraid of being drafted -- aren't financial aid workers exempt?

The TIAA/CREF retirement is SO much better than a politician's retirement. Poetry and walter father Limericks. Forwarded by Ginny Biada from Karen Kopp of Cuyahoga Community College: