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broker business plan “Hey Andrew. You are going to laugh, but I have now decided to leave my current job and start my own business,” my friend Cas, whom I have known for application essay, a few years, tells me. “Wow, what caused the change of heart?” I asked Cas. Paper Strategy? “I have been thinking about what we discussed a while back, and application admission essay, I now feel more confident to go out on my own. Especially now that I have got some experience in bedroom description, the industry.” Cas says. Cas asks me, “As a newbie, can you have a look at my business plan? Is that the first thing I should do?” When it comes to mortgage broking, no matter what you do, you cannot stay still. Change is application essay, constant in this industry. Lender policy changes, product changes, and legislative changes over the last 12 months have been a testament to this. Research Paper Strategy? You either continue to application admission, evolve with the times, or the pace of change will over-run your business, and you won#8217;t survive as a mortgage broker for long. Vinay Gehi: How I started my mortgage broking business. by referencing research paper harvard, Vinay Gehi, Copper Finance, who shares his story about admission how he started his mortgage broking business.
Two years ago I made a life-changing decision: I quit hospitality, an industry I had worked in for research paper on human, 18 years, to become a mortgage broker. It’s been a rewarding journey and I wanted to share the things that have helped me along the way and the steps I took to make the change. Do lots of admission, research before taking the plunge. I spoke to brokers, business development managers (BDMs) and trainers before I made my decision to computer, understand the application essay, industry, the role and the realities of being a mortgage broker. Coming from a different industry, I would be making a standing start. Speaking to lots of experienced people was a good way to set my expectations. I learnt very quickly I wasn’t going to be making the harvard, big bucks, if any, in the first year, potentially longer. As a new year is upon us, this gives us an opportunity to revisit, re-examine, and admission, refocus priorities, and to review our mentoring programs and processes to see if we could improve.
Here at Masters Broker Group, we have taken a look at our business, and our priority for 2017 is essay on citizenship, still for application admission essay, our members. The aim of our workshops, training and mentoring programs is to engage, educate and inspire brokers with the paper computer, right advice, tools, templates, systems, processes and know-how. The purpose of this is to ensure that all our members become more productive, more profitable, and application essay, ultimately, create mortgage broking businesses that are sustainable in the long term. Persuasive Essay? In 2017, we will be focusing on. Marketing planning, business planning and goal setting Sales processes Customer Relationship Management best practice and systems Industry practices and application admission, business practice management Tools, processes and templates Case studies and technical papers from help academic homework, industry experts. We want to application essay, continue to help grow their mortgage broking practice in a predictable way. And by writing worksheets, doing so, you will, in turn, help your customers achieve their dreams and admission essay, goals.
How to computer, launch your business and keep your day job. Application Admission? I teach the persuasive essay on citizenship, Cert IV and application admission, Diploma course at paper on marketing, TMA and see many prospective new to industry brokers. And the most common question I get is admission essay, how to transition from a full time job to becoming a self-employed mortgage broker? The main focus here is how do you make the switch as pain free as possible, and minimise the computer interface, financial risks as you do so. Application Admission? Apart from money, here are a few other processes you need to have if you want to research paper on marketing strategy, maximise your chances of application admission essay, succeeding as a mortgage broker. How to set up a great finance/mortgage business. Last time I put together an IKEA wardrobe for my son’s room, it all went well. Essay? Until near the application, last bit, when I realised I had fitted one of the side panels incorrectly. Only problem was I had to disassemble most of it, and start over again. If only I had paid more attention to the instructions. Referencing Research Harvard Style? And building a great finance/mortgage business is like assembling a wardrobe.
If you want to offer a solid, reliable, efficient and profitable mortgage broking business, it is best to follow a strategy. Unfortunately for most businesses like ours, we don’t get a set of instructions like those that come with an application admission IKEA wardrobe not even one with a cartoon man and line drawings. So, we have to create our own strategy (and instructions). Here are our building blocks for a great finance/mortgage business. Is your finance broking business like a pair of beige socks?
The challenge for any finance/mortgage broking business is to stand out from the crowd. According to the MFAA, there are more than 12,000 finance brokers in the industry in Australia. Not to mention the banks and their branches competing to lend money to home buyers, investors and refinancers. Help Service? So how do you stand out from the crowd? Just like the admission essay, advert by Kia with Christopher Walken in it.
How do you not be like a bunch of beige socks? Not being a #8220;beige sock#8221; means having a value proposition so compelling that it makes you stand out from your competition. So what makes customers want to research, use your finance broking services? This fundamental question should be the driving force of application essay, your marketing strategy from acquiring new customers through referral partners, to retaining your existing customers by consistently meeting and help academic, exceeding their expectations. Goal setting and SMART goals. There is a wonderful scene in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, when Alice meets the Cheshire Cat: Alice : Would you tell me, please, which way I ought to go from here? The Cheshire Cat: That depends a good deal on where you want to get to. The Cheshire Cat: Then it doesn#8217;t much matter which way you go. The Cheshire Cat: Oh, you#8217;re sure to do that, if only you walk long enough. Unfortunately some mortgage brokers travel along in their businesses like Alice. They know they should be getting somewhere, without knowing exactly where they are going or how they will get there.
And trying to work without definite goals is like setting off on a journey without a map or a destination. Without goals, we will merely drift along, and achieve less than what we are capable of. And if you do not know where you are going, any road will get you there. Launching a mortgage broking business while working. Admission Essay? Many prospective new to industry mortgage brokers have asked me is it possible to start a mortgage broking business while continuing to be employed. Referencing Paper? Starting and growing a successful mortgage broking business can be difficult on its own. Doing this whilst still working full time (and bringing in an income) is even more difficult. I should know, that’s how I originally started my own mortgage broking business in 1997. And I have also met a number of people who have tried, but not followed through.
The 3 most common reasons they failed were: Lack of confidence in admission, themselves, Lack of resources Lack of motivation. Persuasive On Citizenship? To succeed in building a top performing mortgage broking business whilst working – you need a plan. Here is my 10-step plan to transition from working a job to running your own mortgage broking business. Do You Really Need a Business Plan? Last month one of admission essay, our brokers was telling us about the big holiday that they had planned. They finally bit the paper on marketing strategy, bullet, and will fly out to Europe for 4 whole weeks. Being very excited, they told us the application admission, places they were going, how they were getting there, and even if they didn’t have accommodation booked, they had their “Plan B” (it is easier to do this without kids). Worst case, stay at the $1,000-a-night hotel. But what struck me is that some of us plan our holidays better than we plan our businesses.
The idea about essay worksheets writing a Business Plan is to try to predict the future. Admission Essay? Even if we cannot foretell the research, future, we can however work out a Plan B – like we do when we are in a strange and exotic city, with no accommodation booked for the night – yet. Masters Broker Group - Credit Representative Number 422387. is authorised under Australian Credit Licence Number 389328.
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Plastic Bags Essays and Research Papers. The article addresses the popularly debated issue of reducing the use of essay, plastic bags in all kinds of stores that give out free . plastic bags as carriers, especially supermarkets in Singapore. No government legislation has been implemented in Singapore so far to essay make it compulsory for retailers to charge customers on plastic bags , which has already been done in essay, a few Asian countries. However, environmental agencies have been urging Singapore government to research on human interface do the same while the government is application, encouraging. Bag-In-Box , Environment , Environmentalism 1185 Words | 4 Pages. consumers use up to 1.5 trillion plastic bags every year.
In the consumers possession the plastic . Research Computer? bags stay with them for an average of fifteen minutes before they get thrown away or released to blow down into application essay the wind, down our streets, and into our world. Research Paper Strategy? In Israel the average time of holding on to a single plastic bag is twenty minutes. Application? The use of harvard style, plastic bags tally's up to $4 million per year for retailers. Essay? One company which buys half of the paper on marketing, used plastic bags in the United States that are available. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Million 1422 Words | 4 Pages. A plastic shopping bag , the most known used product discovered by man. Data released by the United States Environmental . Protection Agency shows that somewhere between 500 billion and 1 trillion plastic bags are consumed worldwide each year (National Geographic News, 2006). As the number of usage increases, the rate of plastic pollution grows eventually to be an application admission essay immeasurable environmental obstacle that is difficult to control. This essay will unfold the case of plastic bags to identify the outcomes. Bag-In-Box , Plastic bag , Plastic shopping bag 1099 Words | 3 Pages.
“Paper or plastic ?” Perhaps one of the paper on marketing, most commonly questions in the past, is now rarely heard by consumers. Four out of five grocery . bags in application essay, the US are now plastic (Reusablebags.com). However, the on marketing strategy, answer should not be merely plastic , the real answer is neither. Plastic bags are very harmful for the environment, and paper bags even more so. The best alternative is a reusable bag , which can save thousands of plastic bags over its lifetime. Plastic bags are everywhere. We see them anywhere. Bag-In-Box , Plastic bag , Plastic shopping bag 844 Words | 3 Pages. Nowadays, the application essay, matter of the persuasive essay on citizenship, effect of plastic bags on living environment is becoming more and more serious. This problem seems to . be rise with the growth of population, development of industry and causes many damages to our environment.
This essay will investigate the following problem in application admission, two aspects: the first is plastic bags can be harmful with the writing worksheets, wildlife by killing animals and non-biodegradable, the second is they may turn into a prime reason for pollution because of their prerequisites to produce. Air pollution , Environmental movement , Environmentalism 1065 Words | 3 Pages. Plastic can be defined as: any group of synthetic or natural organic materials that may be shaped when soft, which will later harden. . Plastic has been around for more than 150 years. In 1839 Charles Goodyear accidently discovered the application admission essay, process of vulcanization, the process of worksheets, making rubber more durable, which evolved into the creation of plastics later on. In 1846, Swiss chemist Charles Schonbein discovered how to produce the plastic polymer known as celluloid. In 1909, chemist Leo Baekeland created. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Containers 1773 Words | 5 Pages. of us, the problem is seen as one of visual pollution, where plastic bags litter streets, roadways, and in essay, some cases scenic . Research Computer Interface? areas across the country. Application? No one will argue that polythene is useful. The plastic bags we use to help homework service carry home food or products are for the most part very light and very strong. Using these bags is not really the problem.
The problem, leading to polythene pollution, is the improper methods of admission, disposing of the bags . They've been marketed as throw-away items, and that is all too. Biodegradable polythene film , Containers , Intermediate bulk container 857 Words | 3 Pages. PLASTIC BAGS Introduction One of the most commonly used items in modern generation is the plastic . bag . Sufficient, convenient, strong and referencing cheap, plastic bags are seem to be perfect for marketing merchandise, foods, drinks and more. However, there are associated issues with the production, use and disposal of essay, these bags which may not be known to most users but which are nonetheless extremely important especially to bedroom description essay the environment. To fully understand the ecological footprint of plastic bags , determining. High-density polyethylene , Linear low-density polyethylene , Low-density polyethylene 1942 Words | 6 Pages. Plastic Bags: useful but hazardous. the term, “paper or plastic ” came from? In 1977, Gordon Dancy revolutionized the application essay, consumer experience by academic homework, inventing the plastic . bag to replace the application admission essay, paper bag (Turner Sutton, 2012). His intention was to save the paper strategy, trees that would need to be cut down to create paper bags ; however in his quest for environmental preservation, he inadvertently created a worse evil.
Plastic bags are everywhere; it is admission essay, almost impossible to make a purchase today without receiving our items in a plastic bag , but how many of harvard, use. Bag , Bag-In-Box , Bags 1008 Words | 3 Pages. Corporate Environmental Responsibility: a Review of application admission essay, Environmental Contribution of Ikea. build awareness of bedroom description essay, environmental protection. In 2006 March 15, IKEA no longer offers customers free plastic bags , every . plastic bags in U.S store will charge 5 cents.
At the application essay, same time, in order to help alter customer behavior and essay writing endorse environmentally responsible habits, IKEA will be selling its iconic reusable 'Big Blue Bag ' for 59 cents, a cost that has been reduced from application admission, 99 cents (Stop Plastic Bag Waste 2007). Firstly, the research on marketing, planting activities is a direct help to the nature, for application admission example it removes. Air pollution , Carbon dioxide , Environmentalism 2028 Words | 7 Pages. demonstrates how iodine changes in the presence of starch. **Prelab Observations: Describe what happened when iodine came into contact with starch. . The cornstarch turned blue-black Procedure: 1. Fill a plastic baggie with a teaspoon of cornstarch and a half a cup of water tie bag . (This may already have been done for you) 2. Fill a beaker halfway with water and add ten drops of iodine. 3. Place the baggie in the cup so that the cornstarch mixture is submerged in the iodine water. Chemistry , Concentration , Diffusion 579 Words | 3 Pages. Caused By Plastic Bags Written by: Erica Duncan Science 256 Professor Elizabeth Stevens Pollution Caused By . Plastic Bags Plastic bags are one among many items that do not decay or professional terms non-degradable. Dod you know it takes thousands of years before one plastic bag cant turn into small particles? Yew, that is on human computer interface, a long time for plastic bags to vanish from earth. Many people don't understand how seriously something as simple as plastic bags affect us. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Causality 698 Words | 4 Pages.
issue of excessive usage of plastic bags in Singapore, and explores the possibility of reducing this usage by levying a fee when . large retail outlets issue plastic bags . While some retailers feel that a formal governmental legislation should be passed before proceeding with the charge, others feel that retailers should implement these measures even without such mandatory policies. As this measure may potentially be feasible and effective in reducing the usage of plastic bags in Singapore, the government. 2010 , Bag-In-Box , Bags 893 Words | 3 Pages. Paper or Plastic ? It's an age old question when checking out at the local grocer: Paper or plastic ? It seems like an easy . choice but there is application admission, a myriad number of details hidden in each bag . Both types of bags are designed to make carrying a variety of paper on marketing strategy, items easier. The type of essay, bag that is bedroom description, chosen will affect consumers health and the environment. Consumers need to be informed on application essay how these bags are created, what effects these bags will have on the environment, and bedroom what will happen to the bags after they.
Greenhouse gas , Landfill , Methane 1259 Words | 4 Pages. Harmful effect of Plastic Bags Plastic bags have rapidly becoming popular among consumers and . retailers due to its convenience and application admission functionality and it comes at research, a relatively low cost. Wastage and application admission hygiene issue arises as these non- biodegradable bags are usually littered and not recycled. Essay Writing? Technological advances that led to even lighter bags have worsened this problem. Admission Essay? These lighter bags are often not suitable for reuse and heavy items have to be double bag , increasing the use of referencing paper, plastic bags . As a result. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Plastic bag 1215 Words | 4 Pages. Sustainability issues with plastic bag. ?Sustainability Issues with Plastic Bags A plastic bag is used for 5minutes on application admission essay average but requires . more than a thousand years for it to decompose (Sharma,2008). After decomposition, the tiny particles continue to contaminate our water sources and threaten wildlife (West, n.d.).
Yet, the global usage of plastic bags hits an unprecedented annual rate of essay writing, 1 trillion (Facts,n.d.), with Singapore contributing 3 billion in 2011(Tay,2012). Application Admission? Hence, it is vital that we pay more attention to our environment. Bag , Bag-In-Box , Bags 1831 Words | 6 Pages. Reduce Usage of plastic bag Plastic ! Plastic ! Plastic !.this materials is use by people . all over academic service, the world.Plastic uses for many activity,mainly for carry things.we can see plastic every day and essay every where in our life.at shop even at stall.Usage of plastic has advantage and disadvantage. Persuasive Essay? The advantages of plastic are , the misuse of essay, plastic bags may be responsible for environmental contamination, they are much more eco-friendly than many assume, especially when looked at from their creation to. Plastic bag , Plastic recycling , Plastic shopping bag 1047 Words | 3 Pages. Carbon footprint of a plastic grocery bag. of plastic grocery bags during its life cycle, I should first explain what does the carbon footprint term stand for, I would take . the definition given in the textbook of this course, The carbon footprint is the total emissions of CO2, more specifically greenhouse gases as CO2, equivalent (CO2e), that is generated by academic homework, individual, organization, event, product or process over application essay, its life-cycle. Knowing what the carbon footprint means now, I know that for help homework service discussing the carbon footprint of plastic grocery. Carbon dioxide , Methane , Natural gas 1683 Words | 5 Pages.
Action Plan for Community Problem Solving. Project title: Community Problem Solving: Problems of plastic bags Name of group: Name of members: Leong, Suzie and application admission Noraini . Vision: Social and cultural issues with plastic : Half the students and teachers in the school would have reduced their use of homework service, plastic bags in school by 50% (within 2 months) |Action |Person(s) responsible |Resources needed |Resources provided by |Strategy |Anticipated results. Education , Member of Parliament , Plastic bag 433 Words | 4 Pages. No Plastic Bag Day Research Proposal. government regulation. Thus in this case, government becomes a power stakeholder which enforces the company to practice green concept through no . Admission Essay? plastic bag day . No plastic bag day was first started at the state of Penang on 1 July 2009 every Monday, before it was extended to Tuesdays and Wednesdays as well from Jan 2. To promote the research paper computer interface, “No Plastic Bag Day” ruling, the application essay, state distributed 500,000 brochures to create public awareness besides erecting educational billboards. This noble cause was then. Bag-In-Box , Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility 1703 Words | 7 Pages. Introduction Amongst the myriad of literature on referencing harvard the issue of plastic bag usage, multiple perspectives have been brought up and . discussed. In this critique, I will be highlighting some of these issues discussed and provide my analysis on application essay the article. Summary of Key Issues In Singapore, it is commonplace to issue free plastic bags . Academic? As plastic is non-biodegradable, it causes pollution and consumes significant amounts of application essay, precious resources including petroleum and referencing land.
The manufacturing also produces. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Environment 962 Words | 4 Pages. Anti- Plastic and Zero Garbage Campaign Naocha * Three cheers to essay the recent goodwill initiative taken up Anti- plastic . campaigners' group, Blue and Green. Back-up and support from on citizenship, various sections of society, organization, NGOs shows the awareness of the health hazardous and dreadful consequences of using plastic . As we all know that regular and prolonged dependence on plastic by the common people pushed the plastic items one of the most polluting agent destabilizing the ecological balance of. City , Great Pacific Garbage Patch , Local government 1562 Words | 5 Pages. Non-biodegradable They litter our streets Plastic bags suffocate and kill Wildlife concerns Spread Awareness Environment . Admission? destroyement Paper It messes up future with too much plastic bags and ends ups that we might have to leave earth.
All the referencing research paper, No points No need to ban, add a tax Used as a marketing ploy Freedom of choice people forget their re-useable bags Causes expense to consumers in a time of recession causes loss of jobs People can and do recycle plastic bags the environmental war needs to. Plastic shopping bag 4933 Words | 16 Pages. ?1. Essay? Find a plastic shopping bag . Essay Writing Worksheets? It doesn't have to be huge - one that's standard size works. Application Essay? 2. 2 Fold the . plastic bag in half vertically. Be sure it is research on human interface, flat, and even.
3. 3 Cut out the application, kite shape. Here are the cuts you need for your kite: Cut off the bottom of the bag . Position your scissors 2 or 3 inches (5 or 7.5 cm) up from the bottom, and essay writing cut so that all the bunchiness is removed. Cut the bag in the middle, from the base straight up to the center of the bag . Make a cut from the center of. French Revolution , Inch , Left-wing politics 683 Words | 16 Pages. NOTES Every day over 10million new plastic bags are being created, that’s over 3.92 billion new plastic . bags every year. You may think plastic bags are harmless, but the every time you accept plastic bags at application essay, a check out, you are damaging the environment we live in.
For that one time you use that plastic bag , it can last from paper style, 500-100years. You may think you are helping the environment when you are buying biodegradable bags , but they take just as long to degrade. But there is a way to essay help the. Bags , High-density polyethylene , Landfill 945 Words | 3 Pages. Exploratory Essay on Plastic Bag Ban. a day and billion times a year is the help academic, plastic bag . Yes the admission essay, plastic bag , the one that is at grocery . stores, clothing stores and even restaurants. Several cities have even started to implement to some degree the plastic bag ban into their cities meaning the on human interface, bags are banned from that city or there is application admission essay, a fine/ tax to use and purchase the plastic bags . This ban obviously has its supporters who agree with the on citizenship, ban and like the idea of reducing and banning the plastic use in their cities and there are the.
Bag-In-Box , Dallas , Downtown Dallas 1239 Words | 3 Pages. People in modern society have been accustomed to the throw-away life for application essay a long time. A disposable product is a product designed for essay on citizenship cheapness and short-term . use. Application Admission Essay? It includes paper products, shopping bags , water bottles, food packaging and plastic cutlery. Description? Annually, about 45 billion pairs of disposable chopsticks are produced in China, consuming 25 million of trees and bamboo plants; meanwhile, as world’s highest forest coverage nation, Japan imports 25 billion pairs of disposable chopsticks from. Disposable , Environment , Plastic bag 1541 Words | 4 Pages. Millions of disposable plastic bags are used and discarded in Washington each year. A beached grey whale was found in West . Seattle in 2010 with 20 plastic bags in its stomach.
Small pieces of plastic can absorb toxic pollutants like DDT and PCB. Application Admission Essay? Scientists have found that fish are ingesting these toxins when they ingest plastic , concentrating the chemicals in the food chain. There is a good chance that we also absorb these pollutants when we eat fish. The good news is, Washingtonians are taking. Bag-In-Box , Great Pacific Garbage Patch , Pollution 841 Words | 4 Pages. SHOULD BAN PLASTIC BAG The society's consumption rate is now estimated over 500,000,000,000 plastic . bags annually. The Malaysian Federal Government is considering banning plastic bag for environmental reason.
There are some big company have take the challenge to make “say no to help service plastic bag ” campaign such as IKEA, AEON and application admission essay Factory Outlet Store (F.O.S). There are many drawbacks of the use of plastic bags . In some other countries, there are proposals to charge for the use of plastic bags . The objective. Bag , Bag-In-Box , Bags 936 Words | 3 Pages. 4 January 2013 Plastics in Modern Society: Excess without Excuse All around us is plastic , and it plays a major part . in on human interface, our society. Historically, the advent of plastic has coincided with significant advancements in society: modern means plastic . For example, it’s an essential component in computers, cars, planes, technology and medicine; they all rely heavily on plastic usage. Plastic is application, really beneficial to our society, but it is not beneficial to our eco-system that is slowly dying. Bisphenol A , Great Pacific Garbage Patch , Pacific Ocean 2065 Words | 6 Pages. onwards, plastic bags became common for carrying daily groceries from the store to bedroom description essay vehicles and homes throughout the developed . world. Admission Essay? As plastic bags increasingly replaced paper bags , and as other plastic materials and products replaced glass, metal, stone, timber and essay on citizenship other materials, a packaging materials war erupted, with plastic shopping bags at application, the center of research on human computer interface, highly publicized disputes.
Although few peer-reviewed studies or government surveys have provided estimates for application essay global plastic bag use, environmental. Packaging , Plastic , Plastic bag 1217 Words | 4 Pages. SAY NO TO PLASTICS !! As quoted by Lord Byron, “There is a pleasure in the pathless woods, There is essay, a rapture on the lonely shore, There . is society, where none intrudes, By the deep sea, and music in its roar: I love not man the less, but Nature more.” The earth is the only known world to harbour life. There is nowhere else, at least in the near future, to which our species could migrate. For 200 years we have been conquering nature, now we are beating it to death. One of the. Earth , Environmental movement , Plastic 747 Words | 3 Pages. Dilemma of Asian Bags Asia Paper Bag has since 1990 operated as a . manufacturer of plastic carrier bags supplying them on admission a contract-manufacturing basis to paper style well-known supermarket chains, fast-food outlets, pharmacies and department stores. Lately, Asia Paper Bag exports customized plastic carrier bags to Marks n Spencer and Boots Pharmacy in the United Kingdom.
During the admission essay, Asian financial crisis, Asia Paper Bag had difficulties in meeting its term loan repayment. Bangalore , Infosys , Plastic shopping bag 695 Words | 3 Pages. is important to educate our younger generation about these habits. Here’s a list of desi eco-friendly alternatives to products that we buy from . Research Paper Computer? supermarkets that we can use in application admission essay, our daily lives: 1. Coconut fibre instead of plastic scrubbers We all know that plastic is choking the research paper, earth. Why not go back to using coconut fibre to application essay scrub dishes? 2. Referencing Paper Style? Soap nut/besan instead of soap bars The bath soaps that we buy tend to have artificial fragrances and application admission foaming agents that are harmful to.
Bottled water , Coconut , Plastic shopping bag 1416 Words | 6 Pages. Green Marketing Newspaper Critique on Plastic Bags Usage in Singapore. charging for plastic bags The article highlights an idea to cut down on plastic bag usage in . Singapore by imposing charges for them on people patronising supermarkets, provision shops and even food outlets and hawker stalls. The proposal deals with one of Singapore’s significant source of paper computer, waste and it can be seen as a small move towards eco-friendliness. As with any other new initiatives, it is worth discussing its potential effectiveness, and any other impacts that the application essay, charges on plastic bags may have. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Electric charge 1338 Words | 3 Pages. residential areas. Conservation Groups – Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. They believe we can reduce the research paper on human, amount of waste we produce, that many things can be reused . instead of being thrown out straight away and that most sorts of application, paper, aluminium, glass, plastics end even water can be recycled. Businesses – Most businesses produce large amounts of rubbish each day.
They want to be able to get rid of referencing paper harvard, rubbish in any way they can without cost or hassle. They do not want to have to travel to dispose of their. Biodegradable waste , Composting , Plastic shopping bag 1027 Words | 4 Pages. the problems associated with thin plastic bag use is not a ban, but better management. Application Admission Essay? Solution: The 3Rs — reduce, reuse and . recycle — of solid waste management (SWM).. Academic Service? Guide to Recycling Plastics 1. Find out which plastics are accepted for recycling in your area and where they can be taken.
Though recycling varies throughout the country, most community programs collect plastic bottles, and many grocery and retail chains offer bins for recycling used plastic bags . Application Essay? * Bottles: Today, more than 80. Containers , Plastic , Plastic bag 904 Words | 3 Pages. Paper or Plastic ? You are at research paper computer interface, the grocery store checking out and the clerk asks you, “paper or plastic ?” Which one will you . Application Admission? choose? Do you choose paper because you think it is better for the environment, or do you choose plastic because its easier to carry? Whatever choice you make is up to you, but I hope that after reading this essay you will be more informed about the choice you do make. Paper comes from trees. It starts from logging, where trees are marked and cut down. On Marketing Strategy? In the logging process. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Drinking water 1000 Words | 3 Pages.
eliminated the use of disposable plastic grocery bags company-wide. Customers can now choose between paper bags . made from 100% recycled paper or from a selection of reusable bags . Application? The company also began offering Better Bags , a large and colorful grocery bag made primarily from recycled bottles. The move from the traditional paper/ plastic system to environmentally friendly and bedroom essay reusable bags has been packaged as an initiative the company calls BYOB – Bring Your Own Bag .The campaign is aimed at application admission, reducing. Charles Shaw wine , Food , Grocery store 1382 Words | 5 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- Say no to academic homework plastics — Presentation Transcript * 1. Application Essay? SAY NO TO PLASTICS By . Dibakar Bose * Plastics is academic service, one of the few new chemical materials which pose environmental problem. Application? Polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polyester is largely used in the manufacture of help academic homework service, Plastics Plastics is the general common term for a wide range of application, synthetic or semi synthetic organic solid materials suitable for the manufacture of industrial products . Plastics are typically polymers of high molecular.
Oxygen , Plastic , Plastic bag 924 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay: Plastic Bags vs Paper Bags. brown paper bag which the 40-year-old housewife held at the bottom, all 10 ¬¬¬¬¬¬-fingers at full stretch. But one side of the . Help Homework Service? bag ruptured, too weak to hold even its meagre content. Aling Saling coddled her torn paper bag like a baby to essay keep what was left of research paper, her precious rice from application admission, spilling onto the wet pavement. She was torn: should she kneel and bedroom description pick up her rice one grain at a time or take refuge from the admission essay, rain and protect what was left?
She walked on, her shoulders hunched over her bag . Her experience. Air pollution , Bag , Bags 840 Words | 3 Pages. Plastic Ban 101 We never know the worth of writing worksheets, water till the well is application admission essay, dry (Thomas Fuller, Gnomologia, 1732). There are garbage everywhere. . Water forms are polluted and underwater beauties are damaged due to different activities of humans. Do we still have to research paper harvard wait for the worst to come before we make a move to conserve and protect our environment? The earth where we are living is now at risk. Essay? This statement is supported by the survey conducted by the Social Weather Station (SWS) during the first. Philippines , Plastic , Plastic bag 864 Words | 3 Pages. Litter: Waste and Littering Problem.
lids, plastic bags , and advertisements and help homework other paper items. Application Admission? Who is paper on human, responsible for the problem? The people most often . blamed for littering are teenagers, poorly educated people, and minorities. In reality, studies show that the people who contribute the most to the littering problem are drivers, fast food and essay grocery customers, and computer interface pedestrians that have been walking a far distance. Motorists casually toss garbage out of their car windows. Fast food containers and grocery bags , because. Litter , Littering behavior , Packaging 707 Words | 3 Pages. ?Negative Effects of Plastic Bags There are several issues on earth that need immediate attention; such as global warming and . green house effect, air pollution, climate change, and admission plastic pollution. Academic Service? Current use of plastic bags and application admission disposal, both not only essay create environmental problems, but also reinforce the application admission essay, perception of a wasteful society.
Human beings invented plastic bags for the convenience of carriers and packers. However, plastic bags have become one of the research paper harvard, today’s serious issues that need. Environmentalism , Ocean , Petroleum 708 Words | 4 Pages. Oregonian Plastic bag tax: To reuse bags or to refuse tax? Statistics reveals that 800,000 tons of . plastic bags are used yearly in the European Union.
In 2010, the average citizen used 191 of admission, them but only 6% were recycled; yet, more than 4 billion bags are thrown away each year (Summers, 2012). Description? However, some countries have banned using plastic bags completely; others, such as China and South Africa, banned only ultra-thin plastic bags , while in number of countries, a tax has been imposed. Plastic. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Environment 1350 Words | 3 Pages. the reasons why plastic pollution has become a problem.
How can the problems be solved in the future? 5. Tutor Name: Claire Swanwick 6. . Student ID Number: 200939477 7. Date of Submission: 30/11/2012 8. Word count:727 Plastic pollution It is evident that plastic pollution has become a serious problem .More and more people are concerned about how to solve this problem .Using plastic is very normal in admission, human’s life .People use plastic everyday like plastic bottle, plastic bag . After people use. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Landfill 922 Words | 3 Pages. Current plastic bag use and essay worksheets disposal, both by consumers and through waste management activities, not only essay create environmental . problems, but also reinforce the perception of a wasteful society. Plastic bags as litter create a visual pollution problem, and affect our aquatic wildlife, while the paper, heavy reliance on application ‘disposable’ plastic bags by essay, the Malaysian consumer raises questions of resource consumption and resource efficiency. Many of the grocery store use the essay, plastic bags as a tool to keep the things. Bag-In-Box , Marine biology , Packaging 789 Words | 2 Pages. Compare plastic bags to other alternative packaging, they are actually more environmentally friendly. They are lightweight, . waterproof, hygienic and totally recyclable.
They can be reused and they are made from description, a by-product of refining oil into petrol, so there is no waste from raw material. The plastic bags produce no greenhouse gases and admission less energy needed in worksheets, the production. Through a lifecycle energy analysis, plastic is the better bag . At current recycling rates two plastic bag use less energy. Biodegradable polythene film , Greenhouse gas , Landfill 351 Words | 2 Pages. implementation of no plastic policy. ? A Term Paper Entitled: “The Implementation of application essay, No Plastic Policy in referencing paper, Some Municipalities in application, the Philippines” Submitted as a Partial . Fulfillment of the Requirements in the English Communication Skills II, 12:30-2:00 p.m., TTH, CS204 Submitted by: Morales, Maria Lee Pasaje BS Chemical Engineering Submitted to: Prof. Research Strategy? Roland R. Calubayan March__, 2014 Table of Contents Title page ………………………………………………………………………………….. i Table of Contents ………………………………………………………………………….. ii Background of the. Bag-In-Box , Environmentalism , Plastic 904 Words | 11 Pages. ?Ocean Turns Into Plastic Island? Could Happen Have you ever wondered what happens to that plastic bottle or . Admission Essay? plastic bag that you throw away? What if I told you that the research computer interface, bag and the bottle are slowly killing off marine life and slowly turning our oceans into dumps?
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People do not realize the effects plastic over-usage has on help academic the world but if each person were to essay really take time to think about this over-usage. Alternative fuel , Bags , Plastic 1515 Words | 4 Pages. WHAT YOU CAN DO ABOUT PLASTIC POLLUTION Plastic bags and bottles, like all forms of paper computer, plastic , create . Application Admission Essay? significant environmental and persuasive essay economic burdens. They consume growing amounts of energy and admission essay other natural resources, degrading the environment in numerous ways. In addition to using up fossil fuels and other resources, plastic products create litter, hurt marine life, and threaten the essay worksheets, basis of life on earth.
We are producing over 25 million tons of plastics per admission essay, year in the United States, a trivial. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Bottled water 934 Words | 3 Pages. How Have Plastic Bags Negatively Affected the Environment? remains: plastic . As the waves roll upon the beach, they hold within their grasp plastic wrappers, containers, but most of all . bags . They drift in the wind over America’s great prairies and are caught on rocks at the highest peaks. Animals are seen wrapped in plastic struggling to move and breathe while others lie motionless on the ground having given up the persuasive on citizenship, struggle to free themselves.
Society’s descendents can no longer lie on the beach and enjoy the essay, sun due to the thick layer of plastic covering. Great Pacific Garbage Patch , Grocery store , Plastic recycling 2895 Words | 7 Pages. Not Ban Plastic Bags From LoveToKnow GreenLiving With plastic bags causing significant damage to . our environment, why should we not ban plastic bags to research solve the problem? Plastic bags are one of the admission essay, most visible signs of the help academic homework service, pollution problem that extends across our planet. It is rare to see a strip of road, river bank or sea front that does not have a few plastic bags littering the admission, environment.
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Moreover, it is highly popular to the customers and retailers because of its light weight. But, ultimately this much usage of the plastic bags leads to description essay the many serious problems. Application Essay? Plastic bags should be banned in help homework, Canada because it have a critical environment problems, health problems and also because of its cost of production and application admission essay recycling. Air pollution , Environment , Environmentalism 1027 Words | 3 Pages. Why are plastic bags bad for our environment? Now and days everywhere we go we have waste and a big part of persuasive essay, it is . plastic bags . Plastic bags are very bad for our environment we find them all over our oceans and on streets.
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I am proud to say that my young daughters have said no to the plastic bag when they have. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Global warming 22447 Words | 94 Pages. Why Production of application, Plastic Bags Should Banned In the essay, 21st century, people have become their own killers. From countryside to the . cities, the use of application essay, plastic materials has greatly increased. In the grocery stores, tons of products are packaged using plastic materials. About 30 years ago, in help academic service, countries like Uganda, there were no plastic bags used for admission essay packaging and carrying items. Items in the shops were packed in on citizenship, biodegradable paper bags . In the markets, people used local materials like banana leaves. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Bisphenol A 2716 Words | 7 Pages. environment levy scheme on plastic shopping bag . You can found this logo at the cashier in the supermarket and some department . Admission? stores.
A probable reason for us to show you this picture is it is related to our topic, implementing the plastic bag tax is beneficial to Hong Kong. I’m going to divide our presentation into three parts. Firstly, I will start with the introduction providing some brief background information about the environment levy scheme on on marketing strategy plastic bags . Secondly, I’ll describe the. Bag-In-Box , Ecology , Hong Kong 636 Words | 2 Pages. ? Plastic Bags Introduction I am investigating which supermarkets have the strongest plastic bags ; I . have tested this out in an experiment. I will also be researching whether plastic bags are good or bad for the environment and admission how they can be replaced or used differently.
It is bedroom description essay, estimated that we use over 500 billion plastic bags worldwide every year, which is nearly 1 million bags used every minute. Application? In the UK It is estimated that we use 10 billion which is about 167 bags per person. They are very. Bag-In-Box , High-density polyethylene , Linear low-density polyethylene 3058 Words | 9 Pages.
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My Little Devotional #128: “Toil and application admission essay Trouble” Inspiration for Today’s Devotional: “Buckball Season” In this episode, when Applejack and paper strategy Rainbow Dash find a new sport to admission get competitive about, they get a rather tall shock on essay, seeing their friends Pinkie Pie and Fluttershy are natural pros at it, and decide to recruit them for the Ponyville team in a game against Appleloosa. Essay? Yet though Pinkie and persuasive Fluttershy have a natural love of the admission game, it isn’t long before Applejack and Rainbow are putting them through the wringer on demanding practice sessions and pressuring them to win for Ponyville. The game goes from being fun to nerve-wracking and miserable from pressure to succeed, and on marketing causes both to slip up repeatedly before it finally nearly drives them to quit the team all together rather than have to deal with the demands placed on them. It’s not until Applejack and Rainbow ease back on their approach and focus more on application admission, getting Pinkie and Fluttershy to enjoy themselves that they’re able to play at their best again. There’s a folk saying that if you do what you love for a living, you’ll never work a day in your life. Essay Worksheets? I think that’s one of those proverbs that’s more empty wind than anything meaningful. To me, following that advice is a quick way to application essay learn to research paper on human hate doing what you love. From academics to performances to hobbies to actual jobs, there are a lot of things in this world that people can have natural talents for and/or have to work at essay, in order to be good or the best at. To some people getting that good is impossible, while to others who are “naturals” comes a love of both the activity and the challenge associated with it, as that’s “part of the fun”.
I’m an amateur writer myself. Bedroom Description Essay? Give me a subject and I can usually write a short story of it lickety-split, and even if I can’t I love the creative process of coming up with something for it. But I can’t draw for application essay, the life of me, and I’m astonished at people who can do that at help service, the drop of application admission a hat. There’s also sports, public speaking, leadership roles, cleaning, community organizing, singing…all sorts of things. For the Christian, probably the biggest one is one’s own ministry or personal way of serving God; how they walk with him and promote the Kingdom in their daily lives. Often this one is research paper strategy, a continual challenge, with finding new ways to minister and better ways to connect with people, to say nothing of all the need in admission essay the world there is for the Gospel and for other forms of assistance. Yet this sort of work, along with any other aptitude, hobby, or proficiency a person might possess, can still be vastly rewarding even in its challenge when it’s the right personality for the right job. Yet often a problem that occurs is the same as that presented in paper style this episode: it stops “being fun”; or rewarding, effective, stimulating, or any of a million other things that take something we like and make it a drudgery. Sometimes this is due to being stuck in a rut and becoming stagnated, but it can also be due to too much pressure, either external or internal, applied to a person. Essay? It goes from being a pastime to something more serious and pressing. Something that has no real reward or penalty for doing well other than our own satisfaction and enjoyment that now requires ever greater commitment and attention.
And with that commitment and attention comes unnecessary and unwanted pressures that take something we are enthusiastic about and make it a chore. And sadly, Christianity and serving the Kingdom of essay on citizenship God is application, no exception to this, and the problem is made worse in some Churches. Part of being a Christian is to essay writing worksheets grow toward being more like Christ, a process that will not (and cannot ) ever be completed in mortal life but will only happen after our own death and resurrection. Yet some Churches have started what I tend to view as a potentially dangerous precedent. They talk about the blessings and power of God moving into the lives of Christians right now if they only have faith; leading to material prosperity, excellent health, and continuous miracles in application their lives. The idea is research, you only need sufficient faith, prayer, and devotion to God and essay you can count on all problems in your life being resolved supernaturally as soon as they arise, and you yourself can be empowered to be a good and wonderful Christian to minister in every situation that comes your way; even ones you aren’t prepared for. While that all sounds good, the problem is that doesn’t always happen. Sometimes misfortune still strikes. Sometimes Christians still suffer.
Sometimes prayer isn’t answered the worksheets way we want it. Application Essay? Sometimes you don’t know what to say or do to minister to someone even after you pray about it. Sometimes you still feel awkward and uncertain in a foreign situation even if you’re committed to following Jesus. And that’s where the bad part comes in. Help? This little voice in your head…
“Well, if you had really wanted your prayer answered, it would have happened.” “If you really committed more to application admission essay your devotional life, you would have been healed.” “If your faith had been stronger , God would have answered you.” “If you call yourself a real Christian, you’ll have the power to succeed in any situation.” And that’s where fear and despair comes in; the thought that if you did pray more or have more faith or, deep down inside, wanted to serve God better, you’d be a more natural Christian and be able to have all these blessings and do all these things, and the fact that you aren’t means you aren’t a real Christian. So you must do more things and act a certain way to worksheets prove you are a real Christian and have really been saved and to prove that you love God. Now you start doubting your own salvation and, even more importantly, the Power of application God’s Grace. This is persuasive essay, a dangerous path to follow. As the message of this devotional goes, it’s not long into doing this that Christianity stops being about an outpouring of application admission essay love and concern for research computer interface, other people and more about trying to earn yourself merit points to feel more comfortable about yourself and your status before God. Christianity loses all semblance of letting God work through you and of honestly sharing the Gospel and application essay becomes all about the self. And that is the most fruitless and exhausting chore of all. Just as in ancient Biblical times the old religious orders measured their worth before God by the good works they did and earning the titles of research paper on human interface “rabbi” and “teacher”, nowadays worth is measured by application essay, how many miracles and blessings you have earned through your faith and writing worksheets devotion.
I heard one author actually call this the “Gospel of Glory”, but not of God’s glory or the Lord’s glory but rather the essay individual’s; measuring one’s own spirituality and holiness by research, how much spiritual power and gifts they possess. I don’t doubt that spiritual blessings, miracles, prophetic utterances, and straight up healings do happen, but it’s important to note that these things don’t happen as a result of any action on admission, our part or by becoming “holier than thou”. Ultimately, we’re all the same. Through and by our own merits and good works, there is no difference between the faith-healing pastor at a pulpit and homework service the drug-addicted criminal lying in a gutter. “Indeed, there is no one on application admission, earth who is righteous, no one who does what is right and never sins.” (Ecclesiastes 7:20) Both will eventually receive the same sentence for their sins, for God shows no partiality. It’s the Power of Christ and the magnitude of His Sacrifice that makes all equal, done without the research on human computer interface input of man and without any conscious will or merit on their part. “ For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from essay, yourselves, it is the gift of God— not by works, so that no one can boast.” (Ephesians 2:8-9) It’s all about His Glory and Majesty. Description Essay? Accepting Him as Lord and Savior makes us clean before God, with no remembrance of past sins or wickedness and no tallying of admission our own works. All done through Christ and paper computer interface not earned at all by any effort.
All we can do is accept it when offered to us. “ This righteousness is given through faith in application admission essay Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference between Jew and Gentile, for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and all are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. God presented Christ as a sacrifice of atonement, through the writing worksheets shedding of his blood—to be received by faith. He did this to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished— he did it to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus.” (Romans 3:22-26)
Far from turning the Christian life into one of drudgery, fear, and essay doubt, this Sacrifice is to set us free from those things. Now that we know that we can’t “earn” any salvation or favor from God but rather we freely have it showered down on writing, us, we should be empowered to be more genuinely loving and thankful. To reach out and minister to people out of care, affection, and thankfulness other than out of a meaningless attempt to gain favor or prove ourselves as Christians. No one can “prove themselves” to be a Christian because becoming a Christian had nothing to do with any meritorious action originating from application admission, us. God merely offered us the opportunity and we accepted. He is the one who declares us Christians, not ourselves or anyone else. If you’re like me and constantly fighting battles with worry, self-doubt, and concern that you’re not doing “good enough” to be a real Christian, perhaps you’re looking to the wrong individual for the source of salvation. Instead, try to focus on the power of the Cross and the One who died upon it, and just how clean you have been made by the power of that Sacrifice. You are now a child of writing God.
“ But to admission all who did receive him, who believed in persuasive on citizenship his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of admission God.” (John 1: 12-13) Suggested Prayer: “Lord God, I can never thank you enough for the blessed and holy Sacrifice of your Son, Lord Jesus Christ, to pay the penalty of essay writing all of essay my sins and to make me born again as a child of God. Now that I have this blessed assurance, grant me the power to never cheapen it by succumbing to false worry, self-doubt, and despair but to cling to the Power of Christ and referencing paper style His unbeatable Sacrifice. Gratefully in application essay Jesus’ Name, Amen.” My Little Devotional #120: “Do a Little Dance…Around the style Issue” Inspiration for Today’s Devotional: “Applejack’s ‘Day’ Off” Coming up with a good message for this episode was a bit difficult as I recently did one about being stuck in a rut, and that was the main problem of this one. I tried to look a little bit deeper for a different message, and one finally leapt out to me. In this episode, a lot of time is admission, wasted on the wrong things. The ponies at essay on citizenship, the Ponyville Day Spa are constantly running around doing laundry to keep their hot towel service going to try and keep guests happy while waiting for admission, the sauna, when what they really needed to do was fix a small leak to the sauna so that it would fill up faster, keep guests from waiting too long, keep them from wanting hot towels, and, as a result, keep the research strategy staff from application, needing to help academic homework do so much laundry taking away steam from the sauna.
Likewise, Applejack wastes a lot of time doing the wrong things herself on her various chores. To pick out the admission essay most prominent one, instead of just feeding her pigs, she’s wasting time opening and closing gates, making faces, acting like a chicken, and doing a complicated routine to get the pigs to accidentally knock their own feed bucket into their trough. Research Strategy? In both cases, the end result is the same: individuals wasting a lot of time, energy, sweat, and tears doing a lot of tasks that don’t really help their problem when they need to really do something else. Sin, as others have told me and application I have discovered, is a lot like that. As we all know, we are to come to Christ for repentance and forgiveness of sins. Yet over the years I’ve heard a few adages in response to that. One is that God is merciful…when we are caught in sin, he sends us symptoms. Research Paper Strategy? The other is application essay, that when we are trapped by one large sin, we’ll confess a lesser one all the more. There’s many people (myself included) who get into the trap of committing a habitual sin. We don’t like it.
We don’t want to do it. We ask for essay on citizenship, repentance of it and (possibly only occasionally) truly try to application admission break free of paper on human interface it and change. And yet we always go back to it in the end and have to keep praying for forgiveness.At some point, we need to stop and ask ourselves if we’re focusing on the wrong problem; either intentionally or unintentionally. I’ll use myself as an example. What I have a horrible time with is anger. I get frustrated and verbally angry at a lot of things…specifically things that are task-related to what I am doing. I’ll mutter at them, then get louder and shout at application admission essay, them, and essay writing I might even start cursing at them. And all of them are usually inanimate objects or things that can’t understand me or respond to begin with. For years I prayed for control, for God’s peace, for the power of Christ over me to make me calm, and admission resolved continuously that I wouldn’t blow up again. The result?
Sometimes I would blow up within the next ten minutes. While I’m still dealing with it, I eventually started praying to God not to stop me from research strategy, blowing up but to tell me what the real reason behind this was. During one of application my emerging blow-ups after that, I finally realized something. I stopped and considered how I felt…and I realized I was scared. Description? My ingrained perfectionism from when I was a child had created a subconscious thought inside of me that the only reason anything ever “went wrong” for me was due to my fault, and that it would be preventable if I would do better. Hence, whenever I was failing at something, I thought it was my fault and I started to feel scared that everyone would blame me for it and admission essay somehow condemn me, such as through disciplinary action, loss of job, or seeing me as less of a person.
Well, also when I was younger, I was taught the solution to feeling scared and research interface sad was to “get angry” so that I couldn’t feel sad anymore. The real sin wasn’t ultimately my angry outbursts but me being a perfectionist (which is indeed a sin as humans aren’t perfect and part of the purpose of the application essay Bible is to get us to confront and referencing research harvard admit our own everlasting imperfection apart from God’s Grace), and what I needed to do (and still do…it’s going to be a long process) is admit to admission myself that I did all I could and academic homework some things aren’t my fault. Likewise, a person who constantly insults other people and application admission essay stomps on their feelings may be doing it because they hate themselves, and on marketing making other people “lesser” than them is the only way they feel good. Application? Or a person who can’t get along with their spouse might be projecting feelings they had toward their parents or other relatives onto them. Essay Writing? People don’t usually end up chained to addiction, in my experience, simply because they like the high from their substance of abuse. It’s that the “high” itself is substituting for something they need in their lives and aren’t getting that’s more important and wholesome. In this case, people might be aware of their “symptom” sins, and might confess and repent from application, those continuously for years, but what they need to do is face up to the cause. My suggestion for this week is that if you are struggling with a habitual sin and can’t seem to get out of it no matter how much you pray or repent, perhaps the issue is you’re looking at essay on citizenship, the wrong sin.
In that case, what you may need to application do instead is research strategy, stop wasting time on repenting on the wrong thing and application admission essay pray to strategy God for revelation of what is the root cause and worry about application resolving that. Be warned, however. There’s a good chance that whatever it is persuasive, could be something you don’t want to think about or admit, and admission revealing it might be a very painful experience at the time. However, ultimately if we want to be released from writing worksheets, a habitual sin, the choice is ours on whether or not to application admission face up to it. Lord Jesus not only got directly to the heart of sin without dancing around it, but he never forced healing onto anyone. Rather, He asked: “Do you want to get well?” (John 5:6) Suggested Prayer: “Lord God, thank you for your patience with me, especially in times when I am avoiding issues I need to confront, making excuses, and covering up for greater sins. Persuasive On Citizenship? If I am bound to a habitual sin that I have confessed many times before to you, I pray now that you will reveal to me the cause of this sin, no matter what it may be. Likewise, I pray for the strength and courage to face up to whatever you reveal to me and, if necessary, seek the help I need to overcome it.
Gratefully in Jesus’ Name, Amen.” My Little Devotional #111: “Just One Mistake is All It Will Take” Inspiration for Today’s Devotional: “The Cutie Re-Mark” Starlight Glimmer…possibly the essay greatest villain ever to appear on the show. Interface? Cunning, ruthless, demented, powerful, and sadistic…her obsession with revenge and determination to get it not only nearly destroyed the friendship of the Mane Six, but all of Equestria with it. Yet what was the remarkable thing about application admission this episode is all of this hate and desire for vengeance ultimately stemmed from what many think is ultimately a rather minor event: losing her best friend as a child after getting his “Cutie Mark”. In a world where most narratives and stories like giving long, elaborate explanations for why people do the things they do, or at least punctuate it with very poignant and emotional tragedies, this might seem somewhat weak by comparison. Yet the truth is while life is rich, involved, and has many times for experiences to shape who we are, there are critical moments of seemingly small importance that make all the difference. The Bible contains numerous examples. Consider in the book of Genesis where Joseph related his dream about his brothers bowing down to him to, who else, his own brothers.
That incident was what eventually spurred them to paper on human computer interface sell him into slavery (Genesis 37).A mere glance from the roof of admission his house and spotting an computer interface, attractive woman was what eventually led King David to commit his sins of adultery, the murder of Uriah the Hittite, and eventually the curse of his house to admission always suffer from warfare (2 Samuel 11:1 – 12:12). And, of course, it was the first man and woman eating and sharing a piece of forbidden fruit that led to consequences for mankind, and persuasive essay creation itself, that ended up being eternal (Genesis 3). For more modern examples, when I was going through high school I initially thought about being a history teacher. I was doing well in my classes in essay it, I enjoyed learning about it, and description essay I liked passing it on. Essay? One night in research paper computer interface the car I mentioned it to my dad. He scoffed at the idea and outright said how he thought it was a waste of a career.
Because of essay that moment, I abandoned any pursuit of history as a career path and ended up becoming a biology major and eventually a computer engineering major. I never thought about it again though it was something I liked a whole lot. Persuasive On Citizenship? Likewise, my oldest sister has never fully trusted me based on admission, one particularly mean prank I played as a child, which she remembers to this day even whenever I forget it, and it gets dragged up every time we get in an argument though it’s been nearly 30 years at this point. Description Essay? In a more bitter case, one relative I know changed their attitude completely toward members of another race due to application one small incident that went out of research on marketing strategy control. Admission Essay? It colored everything she saw about them now even if such a bias is dramatically unfair and research strategy prejudice. And another family member put up emotional walls and spent most of application admission essay his life being aggressive and detached due to one single incident as a child; namely calling out an adult on essay, abuse only to essay have the adult twist it around to make it look like it was his fault. That one incident made him feel the only way to harvard make it in the world would be if you could intimidate everyone else into doing what you wanted, and that’s how he lived for decades afterward until he finally faced up to the truth when this mindset caused him numerous health problems. A small accident that takes place during a moment of thoughtlessness can nevertheless leave a scar that lasts for a lifetime. This is application essay, true not only for physical things but mental, emotional, and spiritual. One moment of cruelty, one sin, or one act of unkindness can warp someone’s outlook on research computer interface, life for decades…perhaps forever.
And that outlook can have a cancerous effect of spreading more evil to others through the affected one’s behavior and attitude, which in turn spreads it even further through the actions of those on the receiving end. That’s why the penalty for even one sin is so severe–death and eternal separation from God. This places quite an amount of pressure on the Christian. It puts the consequences of admission essay sin far more into perspective and, if one sin really does hold that much power, it seems to almost create a perfection standard. I’ve thought about this before and, to be honest, there have been times I’ve questioned whether or not the power of God is really greater than sin if one evil has such eternal effects while grace and favor can always be lost at a proverbial snap of the fingers. Fortunately, there are other moments in persuasive on citizenship the Bible, and in life, as well… Going back to Joseph, after years in slavery and imprisonment, it was relating the admission essay meaning of one dream to a fellow inmate that set off the series of events that eventually caused Joseph’s ascension in Egypt and the migration of the writing tribe of application admission Israel to that country (Genesis 40-41). Essay Writing? It was because Esther went unbidden in essay the presence of the king of Persia that the writing worksheets Jewish people were saved from genocide and the Feast of admission Purim occurs to this day (Esther 5-7). It was because a boy packed two fish and five barley loaves with him when he went to hear Jesus’ sermon that over 5,000 were fed (John 6:1-15).
It was because Abraham simply trusted the promise of description God that a blessing was put on him that lasted for essay, a thousand generations, and which we ourselves enjoy to this day (Genesis 15:1-6). It’s true that one sin can cause a scarring impact, but one virtue or act of kindness can leave a lasting impact as well. I met my best friend simply because while in college I played a video game theme out loud for research paper interface, passers by to application admission hear. Help Academic Homework Service? I reconciled with my younger sister after years of resentment because I invited her to admission an office Christmas party, having no one else to go with. Bedroom Description? The main reason I clung to my Christianity in my later years now is because back in college I met a man I considered a “true Christian” more than others who invited me, while I was highly unwilling, to one of application admission his services.
I still think of him and research paper on human computer that group whenever I find myself slipping in faith. The take-home message for application, this devotional is the same as in this episode. Twilight Sparkle not only learned one brief moment of hurt could cause the potential destruction of everything, but one new friendship could change a person completely. In the same way, we must be on guard for help academic homework, times in essay which we might thoughtlessly sin or indulge in a bit of selfishness, spite, or wickedness…for we never know how it might impact someone else; but we must also be watchful for small acts of kindness and opportunities to show the love of God…for we never know how those too might impact others. Both, potentially, for eternity.
In short, always live the Kingdom of research paper strategy God at all times. What you do today is an investment in eternity. Application Essay? Make it a good one. Suggested Prayer: “Lord God, thank you that every day you give me is a gift from you, and that how I live that day is a gift back to you. Please help me to bedroom essay make the most of each opportunity. Admission Essay? Strengthen me to on marketing strategy be on guard for any moments of temptation toward cruelty or evil, whether it be a snarky comment, an unkind gesture, a way to “get even”, or simply venting my own frustrations; and help me always to be on the lookout for ways in which I can share the Gospel, whether it be helping someone in need, encouraging someone who is downhearted, comforting one who is sad, standing up for someone who is defenseless, or sharing the Message of Salvation. Application Admission? Gratefully in Jesus’ Name, Amen.”
My Little Devotional #62: “Unexpected Blessings” Inspiration for Today’s Devotional: “Games Ponies Play” It’s pretty obvious from Jesus’ ultimate sacrifice made on our behalf to grant us salvation and worksheets redemption, but one thing I still have trouble realizing sometimes is that God is good enough to grant us gifts and blessings so long as we hold true to his Word and command…even when we don’t deserve them. This episode makes a point of that. The Mane Six bend over backward in this episode in application an attempt to on marketing please who they think is a high-ranking chairpony for the Equestria Games in application admission essay an attempt to persuade her to have them held in the recently-reinstated Crystal Empire. Bedroom Description Essay? After numerous attempts to make everything perfect and application admission essay please her, they make a horrifying discovery that they picked up the research on marketing strategy wrong pony from the train station, and the actual examiner has been neglected all day. In a rush to application essay try and research paper strategy make up for it, they scour the application essay Empire looking for paper, her, only to find that she’s at the local spa and meeting with the application admission original pony they spoke to. Taking the treatment she received as an “unbiased opinion of the Crystal Empire’s hospitality”, she ends up persuaded to essay hold the games in essay the Crystal Empire after all. In an unexpected turn, it turns out that their good behavior and attitude of hospitality ended up paying off even if it wasn’t done in the way they intended. This reminds me of essay something similar that happened to application admission me not too long ago. While stopping by a local store on a windy day, I opened my car door to get out and paused to reach in my car for something.
However, the wind kept carrying my door and on human computer ended up knocking it into essay a car at the side of me, chipping the paint. It wasn’t the worst chip in the world, but neither was it something so small that one would think nothing of research paper on marketing strategy it. I knew in similar situations, whoever would have been responsible would have just driven off. Admission? But I knew that God wanted me to be responsible for my own actions and mistakes, and the right thing to do would be to admit to what happened. After waiting a long time for the owner to come out I realized it was a car belonging to a store employee, so I went in and had them page the help academic homework employee.
She didn’t appear to be too happy to be called up or with what I told her. Trying to keep my insurance from application essay, going up, I offered to pay as much money as I could withdraw from an ATM now as surety to cover the rest of any expenses that she could forward to me in the bill for to repair the research paper strategy damage. Application Admission Essay? However, after calling her husband, she told me she didn’t want the money; she wanted her husband to take a look at it and then get back to me, or he could meet me on the lot right there. It’s important to note that over essay worksheets, a year prior I had family members whose car had slid on ice for a light fender bender with another car, and application the drivers of the other vehicle to academic homework this day have been trying to squeeze excessive amounts of money out of them for application admission, what was a minor incident under an “Act of God” condition. I feared that I would be charged for every dent or scratch on the car after admitting to the one I made, and I said I would rather meet now so I could only admit to one bit of damage.
The whole time, inwardly, I was brooding and barely keeping from muttering. In spite of doing the right thing, I immediately began to think I was stupid for not just driving off. I thought this was going to explode into a major fiasco that would take months to clear up. I started thinking only bedroom description, fools were honest because they have to suffer for their actions. Application Essay? I continued to think that all the way until he arrived and I went out and showed the persuasive essay same damage. As it turned out, the man shook my hand, thanking me for being honest and admission essay saying he wished there were more people like me in the world, then forgave me for the whole incident without asking for a cent from me. While outwardly I was grateful, inside I felt two inches tall.
I remembered all too well what I had muttered under my breath and how sore I had gotten, to the point of getting angry at myself for having confessed in the first place. In all honesty, I fully deserved at that point to at least pay for the chip if nothing else than for my bad, grudging attitude. And yet not only had I been forgiven the accident, but I had actually been complimented for confessing to it. People throw around the term “counting your blessings” as if it’s pat or cliche, but the fact is it’s neither. Help Homework? The truth is any of us who are alive are getting at least one blessing each new day, and application essay most of us are getting several that we take for granted. Writing? Chances are most people who think of God as being indifferent, callous, or uncaring never stopped to realize just how many times they’ve been blessed by him every day. Even in the worst family crisis or time in which things were going terrible, I can recall that I’ve still received blessings from God. Essay? Yet most of us usually can only focus on what we lack and don’t have. And we focus so much on it that we somehow feel that entitles us to start acting ungrateful, bitter, resentful, or to start holding back from giving of our time, talent, and treasure. And for those of us who have accepted Lord Jesus Christ’s free offer of forgiveness and salvation, we may become the most indifferent of all because we will never see or experience the Hell that we have been delivered from, or the suffering and torment that was our due. And that might lead us to be the most ungrateful of all.
Fortunately, God is merciful as well as gracious. He not only research paper, gave me a gift in the form of a forgiving and application essay sympathetic individual, not only a lesson about sticking with doing the right thing even when it defies logic and my own self-interest, but he also gave me a healthy reminder of how he can grant me favor even when I don’t always act in a way that is deserving of it. That’s something we all need to keep in mind the next time we feel the need to essay writing complain about doing good. Suggested Prayer: “Lord God, thank you that you are a good father and give us good gifts, even when we don’t always act in admission a way deserving of essay it. Rather than focusing on what we lack, what we wish we had, or even when times are not going the best, help us to focus instead on each favor and application admission gift we receive each day so that we will waste neither them nor our salvation. Paper On Marketing? And please forgive us ‘when we whine’. Gratefully in Jesus’ Name, Amen.” Cinema Sins Knockoffs Final Fantasy Ramblissida Honest Fake Trailers My Little Devotional: Christianity is Magic My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic Reviews My Little Pony: Fiendship is Magic My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic. Equestria Girls My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic.
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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. Admission Essay! VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. Homework Service! She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Causal analysis essays answer the question, Why? Many times, answer to admission, this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is paper computer called a speculating about causes essay. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the cause, providing support for your answer with reasons and admission essay, evidence. • Why do people do that?
• Why does this happen? • Why is referencing research this a trend? • Why does it occur? What causes people to application, develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to gambling when others can gamble and paper on human, not become addicted? What causes people to rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents? What are the application essay, chemical causes of falling in persuasive love? What causes feeling of romantic attraction to application admission, fade? What causes love at first sight? Why do people lose their memories as they get older?
Why do people need to sleep? Why do we develop muscle memory for some repetitive actions? Why do people experience nightmares? Why do some marriages last for a lifetime? Why do we have short and long term memory? Why do people get dyslexia? Why do we respond physically to fear?
Why do we yawn (or hiccup, or stretch)? Why can people, who have their eyes closed, sense objects they are approaching but not yet touching? What makes some people introverts and others extroverts? Why is methamphetamine so addictive? Why do people crave sugar? Why do some families look so much alike, while others don't? Why do first born children tend to research paper, be achievers? Why do people snore?
Why do people lie? Why do people blush? Why do people hate? Why do teenagers rebel against application essay their parents? Why do teens get acne? Why do teens sleep so much? Why do teens cut themselves? Why do people commit suicide? Why do teens engage in sexting? Why do young people start smoking when they know it causes cancer? Why do young people sometimes get cancer? or have heart attacks?
Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless? Why do young people join gangs? Why do young people make graffiti?
Why do fewer young people vote (compared to older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read? Why don't teen marriages last? Why are teenagers more optimistic than older people? Why are young people better at learning languages than older people? Why do adolescent girls need more iron than adults or boys their age?
Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities? Why do adolescents need protein? Why do adolescent girls mature faster than boys? Why do adolescents need to persuasive essay, establish their own identity? What type of admission Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails? Why do some animals like to be petted? Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and writing, happier lives? Why are pets good for kids? Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and poop?
Why do cats show pleasure by admission essay, purring and kneading? Why do cats like to sleep in boxes and other strange places? Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt? Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances? Why do ants and bees live in on citizenship colonies? Why do wolves howl?
Why did humans domesticate wolves and admission, breed them to become dogs? Why do some insects and jellyfish glow? What causes tides? Or the wind? What causes insects like crickets and cicadas to make such loud noises? Why are animals used in research? Why are animals afraid of humans?
Why is larger size an advantage for animals in colder climates? Why do small dogs live longer than bigger dogs? Why are some animals becoming endangered? Why is bedroom nature so therapeutic? Why are insects attracted to light? Why are insects the most successful animals on earth? Why are microbes important to human beings? Why are so many Americans against the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)?
Why are some Euro countries like Greece in such economic turmoil? Why are rates of AIDS transmission higher in Africa than elsewhere? Why do Japanese couples delay marriage? Why does Japan have higher suicides rates than many other countries? Why are large typhoons and hurricanes like Haiyan happening more frequently? What has caused the unrest in application the Middle East which resulted in the Arab Spring Movement and help academic homework service, Syria's civil war?
What caused the Great Recession of 2008? Why are random shootings becoming more common in the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the admission essay, U.S. government shut down of 2013? Why is North Korea so closed to the rest of the world? Or why is it becoming more belligerent toward other nations?
Why are more and more people moving to large cities and away from rural areas? (You could talk about research on marketing strategy this worldwide or apply this question to application, one country or region of the world.) Why has the neo-conservative movement developed in American politics? Why has neo-Nazism been on the rise in Germany? Why is China going to ease up on the one-child policy? Why did Donald Trump win in the 2016 election? Why have the police been targeted by gunmen recently in the U.S.?
Why are terrorists choosing to help academic, use vehicles as weapons? Why did the Arab Spring movement not lead to successful democratic societies? Why is application admission Twitter the medium of paper computer interface choice for Donald Trump? What caused the French Revolution? What caused the admission essay, development of bedroom description American slavery system? What caused the settlement of Australia by the English? What caused the colonization of Africa? Why does English have so many words of French origin?
Why is English the main language used around the world in admission business and science? Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Chinese still interested in religion after years of atheist communism? What caused the great Chinese famine in the Great Leap Forward? What caused the black plague of the bedroom, Middle Ages to admission essay, stop? What caused Great Britain to adopt the parliamentary system? Why does America have an educational system that is different from the European system used by most of the rest of the world? Why, according to bedroom essay, the 2000 U.S. Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at 10%, and African American was third at application essay 8%)?
Why did Japan attack the U.S. at Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an on human interface atomic bomb to end the war? Why is application admission it important to study history? (Depending on research, how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of possible answers. Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay. However, you should probably make the question as short as possible for application, the title. Paper Harvard! Your answer to the question will be the essay, thesis of your paper. Referencing Research Paper Harvard! Introduction: Start your introduction by interesting your reader in the topic and describing the situation or effect.
See the chart for admission essay, easy introduction and conclusion ideas. The end of your introduction will be your cause question and bedroom, thesis. Thesis: Start your thesis by essay, asking your question and then answering it. To make your thesis into a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in your essay, add a because followed by the three reasons you will give in the body of research strategy your essay. Body: Be careful to write the reasons in parallel format. Sample Thesis: Why do people enjoy being scared at application a horror movie? Humans enjoy scary movies because they feel an referencing research paper harvard emotional release in watching and talking with other people about the experience, and they get a vicarious thrill in seeing the forbidden on the screen. Essay! (Of course, you can have more than just three reasons, and you may have several paragraphs on one reason if you have several parts of that reason to on marketing strategy, discuss.) Topic Sentences of Body: For your body paragraphs, take your three reasons and turn them into essay, full sentences. Those are your topic sentences for the body paragraphs of research paper your essay. Gather evidence from your own observations and admission, from research. Conclusion: In the conclusion, you want to either urge the reader to believe your reasons or give a final point.
See ideas in the chart below. Easy Introductions and academic service, Conclusions. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. by Virginia Kearney 1. by Virginia Kearney 8. Application! Easy Words to research paper on human computer interface, Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 123. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. 100 Cause and application admission essay, Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. this really helped! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. On Human Computer! Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you.
I have many more articles about application admission writing. Please look at on human interface my How to Write a Cause Essay for admission, introduction and conclusion ideas and Technology Topics for Research Essays for more topics. Sajib 23 months ago from Bangladesh. Thanks a lot for posting such a wonderful and helpful post! It will help us a lot who always look to create great casual analysis essays.
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Very helpful. I love all these questions and admission essay, essay topics, thanks. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Another great post for teachers and students! I always learn to much from paper on marketing, your sharing. Thank you! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people. So many of the people who teach the beginning levels of college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves. Application Admission! I know how hard it can be to bedroom description, come up with good lesson plans and instructions. That is why I've decided to post my own notes and instructions that I've developed in teaching for over 20 years.
Hezekiah 3 years ago from essay, Japan. Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at Uni or High School. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and persuasive, company names shown may be trademarks of application essay their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.
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essay on john penn (1) The record of the Europeans' first hundred years in America is application, fraught with violence, chicanery, and misunderstandings with the indigenous peoples; the shameful Walking Purchase fraud of 1737 perpetuated this phenomenon in our heritage. By the late seventeenth century, the era of discovery and conquest in the New World had essentially passed into history; the next phase focused on research, the expropriation of land by white colonists from the Indians, including Pennsylvania settlers. (2) The one exception was William Penn, the founder of the application admission essay, Quaker sect in Philadelphia. His early dealings with the Delaware Indians reflected his respect for these natives and research paper harvard his dedication to equality and fair play. His treaty with the Delawares in 1682 exemplified these traits, establishing a bond of trust that remained for almost sixty years. Unfortunately, his sons, Thomas and John, did not share their father's philosophy.
To extricate themselves from indebtedness and to assure their gentrified lifestyle, they devised a scheme to cheat the Indians out of 500,000 to 750,000 acres of prime hunting grounds. Furthermore, they sought to application essay keep this swindle from public knowledge for several decades. (3) This essay focuses on the 1737 Walking Purchase document that elucidates the scheme of the Penn sons and its impact on the history of the Delaware Indians in Pennsylvania. I'll contrast William Penn's Quaker philosophy with the opposing views of his sons to elucidate this fraudulent attempt to writing justify the dispossession of indigenous inhabitants for personal gain. (4) To fully understand this historical event, it is expedient to admission explore the customs and essay writing worksheets life of the Delawares (the Lenni Lenape) and their sachem (Indian chiefs) who were hoodwinked by the Penn brothers and their fellow conspirators (traders, interpreters, land speculators, and colonial officials), as well as the difference in application admission essay, the meaning and use of treaties and agreements by the Delawares and the proprietors of Pennsylvania. William Penn Brother Onas to the Delawares. (5) In 1681 King Charles II granted William Penn a charter to lands in America called Pennsylvania in payment for a debt of £16,000 (owed to Admiral Sir William Penn, the Quaker leader's father), making Penn and his heirs true and absolute Proprietaries. James Merrell posits that every colony founder, anxious about essay attracting settlers, faced the formidable task of application surmounting deep-seated fears of the wild woods, and none of the colonial leaders worked harder to banish these misgivings than Penn.
To put the least appealing features of the American land grant into a favorable light, he called the area Penn's Wood , hoping that sylvan would bring to prospective settlers' minds visions of sun-dappled groves instead of a vast wilderness filled with savages. He listed all of the Fruits that I find in the Woods and noted that [t]he Woods are adorned with lovely Flowers, for colour, greatness, figure, and variety rivaling the best gardens in London. Are you afraid of all those trees covering the on human interface, land? There is plenty for the use of man. As for the Beastes of the Woods, the proprietor announced they were not terrible at all but rather furry or feathered natural resources, some for Food and Profit, and some for Profit only (Merrell 23-24). (6) William Penn is application essay, exemplary, not for his Quakerism or even for the founding of Pennsylvania, but for the manner in which these two endeavors were combined in his dealings with Indians. In his negotiations with the Delawares, Penn regarded the land promised to him by Charles II as providentially for the peaceful and righteous. Steven Harper notes that these nuances of promised land are so intricately related that when Penn's heirs forsook the idea that they were engaged in a holy experiment on land upon which construction of the writing, New Jerusalem was not far distant, they simultaneously lost the impetus that motivated their father to just, pacific, and equitable relations with the Delawares (6). Penn's devotion to the tenets of Quaker philosophy guided his ideals of application admission peaceful relations and equal treatment under the law with his land sales. Thus, he hoped to help satisfy his spiritual needs and provide for his material wants as well as those of his heirs. (7) While Penn's real estate ventures proved to be less than lucrative, his efforts to establish a colony in Pennsylvania were commendable in terms of his peaceful interactions with the Indians, a policy that remained in force for seventy-five years.
In contrast, Jean Soderlund notes, Just a few years after the bloody King Phillip's War in New England and Nathaniel Bacon's massacre of Indians in Virginia, William Penn was pursuing a policy of unarmed friendship with the Native Americans in the Delaware Valley (307). (8) Paul Wallace says that it is beneficial to go back in time to appreciate the wise policy under which Pennsylvania conducted Indian relations, starting with Columbus and the first contact between Indians and application admission essay white men that brought wonder and delight to both groups. However, both sides were eventually disillusioned, and the cycle of captivities and massacres continued for hundreds of years (142). He posits that it is difficult to paper on human interface place blame: the Indians were fighting to preserve their country, and the settlers were caught up in the vast migration that Columbus's discovery of America had initiated, although we should not condone the crimes committed by those who cheated and essay murdered to wrest lands from indigenous peoples. However, in his view, Pennsylvania came closer than all the English colonies to a just and sensible solution to the problem, with Roger Williams' policies in Rhode Island paralleling William Penn's conduct. Until the middle of the eighteenth century, Indian/European relations in Pennsylvania were cordial for three reasons: 1) a tradition of fair and friendly dealings introduced by description essay, the Dutch and application Swedes was reinforced by William Penn; 2) Pennsylvania had a concise and well administered Indian policy founded on the realities of paper computer Indian and European politics that took into account that the Iroquois were the dominant power in the Indian world and application France was Pennsylvania's potential enemy; and 3) the Quaker ideal of the pursuit of peace was in force. (9) George Arthur Cribbs attributes William Penn's ideas of justice and humanity to a single Indian policy: his natural benevolence and the principles of persuasive essay his sect demanded a just and friendly treatment of every human being. Before leaving England, he forwarded a letter to those Indians living in his province conveying his friendly attitude toward them and his hope that they would live together as neighbors and friends.
He instructed his commissioners to take great care not to offend the application, natives, to seek their good will, and to let them know that Christians had come to settle among them in bedroom, friendship (5). (10) Several factors demonstrate Penn's fair and honest treatment of the application admission, Indians: 1) only in Pennsylvania could an Indian get a satisfactory legal judgment from referencing research harvard style a white man because Indian testimony was accepted in legal matters; 2) in matters of trade the provincial government made a concerted effort to guard the Indians against exploitation; 3) in treaties (for the first fifty years at least), only open and honorable means were used to gain a point; and application essay 4) friendly and kindly intercourse was encouraged (Penn learned their language and customs so that he could converse with them freely, as did Roger Williams.) Penn was a frequent visitor among them, eating their venison, hominy, and roasted acorns, and participating in their athletic exercises. Of course, the Indians responded by providing food, assistance, or protection if it were within their power (Cribbs 5-6). (11) But Ray Thompson relates that William Penn's critical attention to details in the promotion of Quaker spirituality and essay fair treatment of the Indians did not prevail in his personal financial situation. Surprisingly, he spent only three and a half years in the New World during two brief visits to his province in application essay, the periods October 1682 to August 1684 and from December 1699 to academic February 1701. He spent the rest of his hectic life embroiled in controversy with his political and essay religious enemies and debtors in England. His first son, William, Jr. (known as William the Waster), was a failure in research on marketing strategy, every venture he attempted and eventually accumulated a debt of £10,000. In 1704, his father stated, My son is my greatest affliction, for his soul's and my country's and my family's sake (20-21). (12) Known as Brother Onas to the Delawares (the Indian word for quillhence pen), in 1682 William Penn convened a treaty council with the Delawares at Shackamaxon near Philadelphia for essay lands above the Neshaminy Creek with the following deed: All those lands lying and being in the province of Pennsylvania, beginning upon a line formerly laid out from a corner spruce tree, by the Delaware River, and from thence running along the ledge or the foot of the mountain west, northwest, to a corner white oak marked with a P standing by the Indian path that leadest to an Indian town called Playwiskey. And from thence extending westward to Neshaminy Creek, from which said line, the referencing paper harvard style, said tract or tracts granted doth extend itself back into the woods, as far as a man can go in one day and a halfand bounded on the westerly side with the Creek called Neshaminyor to admission essay the utmost extent of said creed one day and a half's journey to the Delaware and thence down the several courses of said river to the first mentioned spruce tree. (Thompson 30) Chief Tamanend of the referencing style, Delawares presented the famous Treaty Wampum Belt (see image gallery) to William Penn as a token of essay this event.
Fashioned from oyster-shell beads and leather, the wampum belt has become a symbol of Penn's policy of purchasing land from the Indians and living peacefully with them. Penn's speech to the Delawares held out help homework great hope: We meet on the broad pathway of good faith and good will; no advantage will be taken on either side, but all shall be open-ness and love (see image gallery) (Thompson 22). Benjamin West's painting of this event in 1771 became an icon for Penn's benevolence (see my title page.) (13) Although he was not legally required to pay the Indians for the grant lands in Pennsylvania, Penn and his agents made at application admission least seventeen purchases from the Indians living near the lower Delaware. Most of these purchases involved narrow tracts of land, often overlapping, but on paper, at least, some of them extended far back into the country: two days' travel by horse, as far as a man could go in a day and half, or in one case to the utmost bounds of the said Province. Such measurements, however important to Penn, meant little to the Indians as long as they were not hurried off the land. In one instance Penn had the land measured; the help service, man's two-day travel (specified in a 1685 deed) was surveyed three years later as a line from application essay Philadelphia to the Susquehanna, a distance of about seventy miles.
(14) Soon after Penn's death in 1718, his secretary James Logan had these purchases confirmed by a single deed from academic Sasoonan and application admission other Indians representing those who had made the worksheets, earlier sales. Extending north to the Lehigh Hills and application from the Delaware River to the lower Susquehanna, this deed did not actually include all the land that might have been claimed under the earlier onesit certainly did not extend to the utmost bounds of Pennsylvania, but it did include as much as was needed for paper computer interface the white settlers. (15) For fourteen years thereafter no further purchases were made, although new settlers continued to arrive. Without permission, people from application admission New York settled on choice lands outside the area of the on marketing, 1718 purchase. Not until 1727, when William Penn's sons became the proprietors of Pennsylvania, was Logan able to deal with these problems. He sent agents to settle affairs with the trespassers, but this undertaking was not very successful. To deal with this problem and because more land was needed for settlers, Logan urged the application admission essay, new proprietors to writing worksheets come to application America to meet the Indians and make new purchases. John and Thomas Penn Perpetrators of the Walking Purchase. (16) William Penn assumed that God had promised him Pennsylvania for academic the creation of a peaceful and essay tolerant society to avoid the self-righteous tendencies of research paper harvard style other colonizing ventures that wreaked havoc on native peoples (also the reason Roger Williams founded Rhode Island). However, his sons had a different vision of this province.
In their minds, the Upper Delaware Valley their father knew as altogether Indian was vacant land. (17) John Penn, the oldest son, received one half of his father's estate while Thomas and Richard received a quarter each. As the essay, businessman for the family, Thomas came to Pennsylvania in essay writing worksheets, 1732 to appraise the application admission essay, wealth of the province and to attempt to exploit its resources. John and Richard urged him to sell out enough land in America to settle their obligations and persuasive improve their financial situation after paying off their father's debts. The Penns were also subjected to the expense of long litigation in Pennsylvania's dispute with Lord Baltimore over the property around Chesapeake Bay, claimed by both parties. John and admission essay Richard wanted to sell Thomas their interest in the province for the sum of research strategy £50,000 (which they considered a bargain), but Thomas did not have the cash to take them up on their offer. (18) Thomas Penn was strictly a business man with no time for culture, the arts, or the humanities. When he arrived in admission essay, Philadelphia in 1732, his manner was cold and unfriendly toward the old friends of his father. On Human. The somber citizens committee disapproved of the fun-loving society members with whom he associated and his flamboyant attire; he and application his brothers had abandoned the Quaker faith. (19) Soon after his arrival, Thomas Penn and bedroom description essay the present Governor of application admission essay Pennsylvania, Patrick Gordon, called a conference with the Iroquois Indians at Stenton (the home of James Logan, the President of Council) just north of Philadelphia. Through an interpreter, Penn told the Indians that he wished to carry on the good relationship and liberal policies of his father, Brother Onas: that the whites and Indians should live in a true and perfect peace.
The conference lasted for three weeks and important articles of agreement were signed into essay writing worksheets the treaty. After obtaining the goodwill of the application admission essay, Iroquois (who held domination over the Delawares), Thomas began bargaining for more land; his first purchase was a tract of 100,000 acres between the Schuylkill River and its branches and the branches of the help academic homework service, Delaware River. In exchange the Indians received many gifts, including six guns (one for each of the six chiefs of the Iroquois). (20) In 1734 John Penn arrived in Philadelphia to join Thomas in a scheme to make the province show a profit. They further alienated the colonists by insisting they pay their quitrents (rent paid by a freeholder in lieu of services) and essay dues as contracted, a requirement quietly overlooked by the former governors. Benjamin Franklin, a leader in America's democracy, clashed constantly with them due to their dissonant ideologies. He noted in a letter to academic homework service a friend: I am astonished to see him [Thomas Penn] thus meanly give up his father's character and conceived at that moment a more cordial and thorough contempt for admission essay him than I ever before felt for any man living a contempt that I cannot express in words, but I believe my countenance expressed it strongly, and that his brother [John] who was looking at me must have observed it. Franklin noted that the Proprietors will be gibbeted as they deserve, to rot and stink in description, the nostrils of posterity (Thompson 27).
(21) In 1735 the brothers Penn were scheming to obtain the Minisink lands from the Delawares under Chief Nutimas. As they met with the chief, they were secretly having the route of the new purchase surveyed by some of the essay, men who would later make the 65-mile walk. (22) Thomas Penn found a fellow conspirator in William Allen, the worksheets, heir to the colony's largest fortune. Penn was looking for ways to turn a shrewd business deal, and Allen admired the appearance of pseudo-royalty that the son of the Founder possessed -- both enjoyed the life of country squires. Essay. Soon after they became proprietors in 1727, the referencing research paper, Penns had sold 8,000 acres of prime Indian hunting grounds (in Bucks County just north of Philadelphia) to Allen in order to raise cash. Now Allen and his friends were re-selling parcels of this land to private individuals; since the sales were technically illegal, the dates of the original grants were omitted. (23) The Penns were growing uneasy that these transactions would get out of hand and admission essay cause trouble among the Delawares, so they decided to secure a large area of the Delaware lands to the north. Allen held title to thousands of referencing harvard style acres of the Delawares' best timber land above the Blue Mountains. This hunting land was vital to the existence of these tribes who placed little value on application essay, farm land held by the white settlers that the Indians had sold off previously. (24) When Governor Gordon died in writing worksheets, 1736, James Logan became the admission, new governor, and research paper the Penns found the perfect agent to acquire more Indian lands. Since William Penn had appointed him as his agent in 1701, Logan had been a valuable and trusted secretary.
Involved in admission, Indian negotiations for three decades, he enjoyed the full confidence of the paper style, Indians. The Penns requested him to call a conference with the Delaware chiefs to admission essay discuss a mysterious deed dated 1686 that the sons claimed had never been fulfilled. The Walking Purchase Fraud of 1737 -- ye Running Walk (25) This sad chapter in Pennsylvania's history can be attributed to a number of circumstances: 1) the population in Pennsylvania had exploded from 20,000 inhabitants at the time of William Penn's departure in 1701 to 100,000 by 1740, and the colony needed to acquire more territory; 2) John and Thomas Penn were encumbered with paying off their father's debts; 3) these two sons expected to be treated as nobility in the province whereas at home in England they were actually part of lower middle class society. (26) Merrell encapsulates the significance of this fraud by comparing it with another land-grabbing scheme in 1728 in the Tulpehocken Valley. In the 1720s the Delawares complained about essay colonial encroachment on application, Indian lands in the area; their request for provincial officials to stop the rapid white settlement of Delaware land by white settlers was ignoredmuch to their disappointment.
The Tulpehocken event was insignificant compared to the resentment over the so-called Walking Purchase of 1737, when William Penn's children, John and Thomas, acquired a vast stretch of the Delaware Valley. Bedroom. Brandishing a copy of the lost 1686 land sale agreement, they had convinced the Delawares to go along with the idea of admission essay relinquishing as much land as a man could walk in a day and a half and then (ignoring protests by Delaware observers) sent seasoned runners down a prepared trail to cover as much ground in that span as they could. The Delawares soon learned that even this large piece of land (1200 square miles) did not satisfy their demands. Thomas Penn keeps begging plagueing us to Give Him some Land, they complained in 1740; he Wearies us Out of Our Lives (166,176). (27) At issue in description, the Walking Purchase was control of land in the Lehigh Valley. Tohicken Creek was recognized by both Europeans and application Indians as the northern boundary of the land William Penn had purchased from the Indians. In 1726 Secretary James Logan privately purchased a tract of land beyond this line from the Delaware landlord Nutimus, paying £60 for his quitclaim (transfer of all interest in real estate, especially without a warranty of title).
A series of purchases from the bedroom description essay, Indian landlords in 1727 and 1729 alerted the Delawares that this land was a valuable commodity. The Penns continued to sell land when they could get cash, without regard to Indian rights; they acted in full knowledge of what they were doing. (28) Crucial to an examination of the Walking Purchase fraud is the controversial deed of 1686. Admission Essay. At a meeting with the Delaware chiefs in 1734 (supposedly to renew friendships with the chiefs), Thomas Penn reminded them how fairly Brother Onas had treated them in persuasive, years past. Essay. He then carefully mentioned certain adjustments that should be made in those lands in Bucks County that lately have had some claims made upon research paper them, although formerly they were fully and absolutely released by the Indians living on those lands to his father. Chief Nutimas of the application admission, Minisi tribe gave no indication he would agree to any further purchase of lands in the region. At another preliminary meeting a year later, Penn became more specific about these land disputes. (29) After a polite exchange of compliments and service gifts, the essay, brothers Penn produced a sheaf of old deeds signed by their father and the Delaware chiefs; the research, northern Indians did not remember the sachems who dealt with William Penn.
The Penns produced a deed dated August 30, 1686, that had been signed by William Penn and three Lenape chiefs. Thomas Penn claimed it had never been fulfilled. For a considerable quantity of trade goods, the application admission, document was to have sold the research paper style, following property: . all those tracts of application essay land lying, and being in the Province of Pennsylvania, beginning on academic homework, a line formerly laid out from a corner spruce tree, by the Delaware River about Makeerickiton and from thence running along the ledge, or floor of the mountains west, southwest, to application essay a corner white oak marked with the letter 'P', standing by the Indian path that leadeth to an Indian town called Playwickey, Bucks Country, then the paper, home of Chief Tamamend, or Tammany, who was counselor at the original Penn Treaty in 1682, and from thence extending westward to the Neshaminy Creek from which line the said tracts thereby granted doth extend itself back into the woods as far as a man can go in one-day-and-a-half, and bounded on the westerly side with the Creek called Neshaminy (or the most westerly branch thereof) so far as the Branch doth extend, and from thence to a line. Application Essay. (blank space). to persuasive the utmost extent of the said one-and-a-half days journey, and from thence to the aforesaid River Delaware and application essay from thence down Several Cources (sic) of said Delaware River to the first mentioned Spruce Tree. Essay. And all this did likewise appear to be true by William Biles and Joseph Wood (witnesses) who upon their affirmations did solemnly declare that they well remembered the Treaty held between the agents of William Penn and those Indians. (Thompson 35) (30) The Penn's only appreciable income came from the purchase money laid down for large tracts of land, and the only open spaces large enough to locate large tracts were located over the Indian line. Nutimus and the other Delaware chiefs were demanding more money for the land than the Penns could pay, so they resorted to the Treaty of 1686 regarding land north of the 1682 purchase as far as a man could walk in a day and a half, between the Delaware River and Neshaminy Creek.
A party of walkers was sent out to determine how far robust men could reasonably walk in a day and a half; it was determined that woodsmen could (with a properly cleared path) cover well over forty miles in twelve hours. Admission Essay. This information was exactly what the Penns needed; all that remained was for them to on human interface convince the Delawares to sign the application admission, land away, a formidable task indeed. (31) The next step was to find written records to show the Delaware chiefs, and the best record they could find was a copy of the 1686 deed that outlined preliminary terms for a land transfer but with missing information about the direction and distance of the bounds of the tract. No signatures were affixed to the document, and there was no mention of computer payments made. However, the Penns decided to admission outsmart the essay writing worksheets, Delawares by arguing that their ancestors had sold this land to William Penn; they would use a document proving nothing more than preliminary plans had been drawn as proof that an essay, agreement for a walking purchase had been signed, sealed, and paid. (32) After many meetings and negotiations and having seen a crudely drawn map of the territory along the upper Delaware River, the Indian chiefs acquiesced, being desirous to preserve and continue the bedroom description essay, same Love and application admission Friendship that had existed between Brother Onas and the Indians, and ultimately they signed the release. Thomas Penn did not want the Delawares to comprehend the huge tract of land he wanted to harvard style wrest from application essay them, so the map depicting the area was deliberately distorted to research reflect a smaller area. It was carefully prepared to give the impression to the chiefs that all they were relinquishing was the application admission essay, land below Tohickon Creek that the Delawares had been willing to release since 1686. The text of the release is as follows: We do acknowledge ourselves to research harvard be fully satisfied that the above described tracts of land were fully granted and application admission sold by Mayhkeerickisho, Saphoppy and Taughaughsey unto said William Penn and His Heirs.
And for a further Confirmation thereof, We, the said Manawkyhickon, Lapowinsa, Tishcohan and Nutimas, do for ourselves and all the other Delaware Indians, fully, clearly and Absolutely Release and forever Quit Claim unto the said Joh Penn, Thomas Penn and help Richard Penn, all our Rights, Title, Interest and essay pretensions whatever of, in , or to the said Tract or Tracts of Land, and every Part and Parcel thereof, so that neither We, or any of Us, or our Children shall or may at any time thereafter have Challenge, Claim, or Demand any Right, Title, Interest or Pretentions whatever of, in or to the said Tracts of Land, or any Part thereof, but of and from the same shall excluded and persuasive forever Debarred. And we do further agree that the extend of the said Tract shall e forthwith WALKED, TRAVELED or gone over by PROPER PERSONS to be appointed for the Purpose, according to application admission essay the direction of the aforesaid Deed. In witness, thereof, we have hereunto set our hands and seals at Philadelphia, the 25th day of the month of August in the year --- according to the English Account, one thousand, seven hundred and thirty seven. Manawkyhickon (his mark) Lapowinsa (his mark) Tishcohan (his mark) Nutimas (his mark) (Thompson 50) (33) Francis Jennings notes that a comparison of the draught shown to the Delawares and essay writing worksheets a map of the Delaware Valley reveals the trickit was a simple matter of switching labels. Application Essay. What the bedroom, Indians thought to be Tohickon Creek was marked West Branch River Delaware; streams appeared in a pattern the Indians recognized as the lower end of Bucks County, but the illiterate Indians could not read the false names that extended the area far beyond the admission, representation. The minutes and draught could be sent to essay England as proof of the righteousness of the Penns' negotiations as nobody in application essay, England would know the local terrain well enough to comprehend the trickery.
Only the provincial enemies of the Penns could have interpreted the papers correctly, and they were not permitted to see them (37). (34) On September 19, 1737, three men set out on the infamous walk; inspired by the Penn's promise of computer interface 500 acres of land for the walker who covered the most territory, they walked fast and surprised the Indians by going northwestward away from the application admission, Delaware River rather than parallel to it. Paper. In eighteen hours of travel, sixty-five miles were covered, which took in some 1,200 square miles (three-quarters of a million acres), including the lands Thomas Penn had been selling since 1728. (35) Indian witnesses began to complain even while the Walk was in progress, and application admission the Indians resentfully pegged the whole affair as an act contrary to referencing paper the agreement and therefore null and void. Thomas Penn released a large number of patents he had been withholding for sales by agreement some time since made. Settlers such as the Moravians made private extra-legal arrangements with their Indians to keep the peace. The Delawares had reconciled themselves to the white settlement, hoping that they would be compensated for their land.
When they received nothing, their resentment grew. In 1741 Governor Thomas and James Logan enlisted the Iroquois to run the application admission, Delawares off their land. Ultimately, the research, Delawares chose to revenge the settlers by joining the French in their wars against the English (the French and Indian War), although, as one Delaware sachem told missionary John Heckewelder, they never would have joined the French in the Wars against the English, had they not been so shamefully dealt with at the time (Merrill 176). (36) Proprietary policies in handling complaints about the Walking Purchase restricted the Delawares because they had no recourse to justice. Displaced and highly incensed, they brooded the Injuries they had received in being cheated out of their lands (Harper 186). In 1756 they asked for a meeting to discuss the Injustice [that] had been done them in Land Affairs (Franklin 153.) Chief Teedyuscung outlined the application admission, Delaware case against the proprietors regarding the Walking Purchase. (37) In early 1756 Pennsylvania declared war on harvard style, the Delawares, and Sir William Johnson, the British colonial superintendent of Indian affairs for the northern half of the continent, devised a plan to subdue them diplomatically.
By Royal Order in Council in admission essay, 1759, Johnson was instructed to examine the complaints of the Delaware Indians regarding land fraud by the proprietors of essay on citizenship Pennsylvania. His bias against the Quakers was no secret, but the investigation was simply in admission, line with his official duties, not a conspiracy against the Delawares. The issue was not whether the lands should be given back to academic service the Indians, who themselves had not suggested that, but whether the Indians could be reconciled to the presence of the whites. Application Admission Essay. Johnson was opposed by a group of Quakers (the Friendly Association for Regaining and Preserving Peace with the Indians) who worked with the academic service, Pennsylvania Assembly to investigate Delaware claims. Johnson had been a rival of the Penns in Indian affairs, and the fact that they had suggested him argues that they were convinced of the justness of their position. Johnson's separate inquiry would be the application essay, final proof of the sincerity of the Penns and of the English. (38) At the Council of the Six Nations held in 1762 at Easton to formally settle Delaware complaints about the Walking Purchase, Johnson skillfully manipulated the proceedings. The lengthy defense of the legality of the Walking Purchase was read; it was a complicated web of arguments that exhaustively demonstrated that the description essay, letter of the original deed of 1686 had not been violated by the Walk itself but never touched upon the main pointwhether the Indian signers of the 1686 deed had ever intended to (or ever had the right to) sell lands north of Tohiccon Creek. (39) At the close of the four-hour reading that was not translated into Delaware, Teedyuscung, without being asked, said that he very well understood the purport, or meaning of essay what had been read (A.
Wallace 246). Harvard. That he understood it is admission, doubtfula legal defense in a foreign language would be difficult enough to understand at worksheets best and doubly so when it was heard without access to documents. Application Admission Essay. But he was sick of the whole affair and was not anxious to be dragged into this embarrassing dispute between the Quakers and the proprietary party. (40) When Johnson asked Teedyuscung to bedroom description essay prepare a reply (a written copy was given to him) and to have it put into writing (thus affording him full opportunity to consult with his Quaker advisors), his reply was: Brother, Please to hear me what I am going to application admission essay say.
What pass'd yesterday, neither I, nor my people understood it, as no one interpreted what was said. Academic Homework. Brother, now you tell me you have orders from the King to admission essay see Justice done me. Brother, about five years ago, when Mr. Croghan was here, He had orders to see Justice done to me: now I desire as he did, for He went away, and bedroom did nothing at all. Brother, I desire you'll let me have the application essay, Writings which were read yesterday, that I may have time to Consider of them, as We did not understand what was read. I told you another Thing, which was, to on marketing strategy let me have a Clerk, to write down what I have to say.
This is the request of Us all. Brother, I desire all my Brethren to attend to what I say. I do not Speak this only from my Mouth, but from my heart. (A. Wallace 247) (41) Teedyuscung decided the forces against him were too powerful, and application he declared: I did not come to have a Difference, but to Settle matters upon a good Footing. Essay. I did not come to admission essay put my hand into your Purse, or to get Cloathing. Research Paper On Human Computer. I give up the Land to you, and the white People (A. Wallace 249).
The next day he delivered a document in which he relinquished all of his accusations and application his claims to land: . as to the Walk, the Proprietary-Commissioners insist that it was reasonably performed; but We think otherwise: which Difference in opinion may happen without either of Us being bad Men; but this is a matter that Brethren ought not to differ about. Wherefore, being desirous of writing worksheets living in peace and Friendship with our Brothers the Proprietaries, and the good People of Pennsylvania, We bury under Ground all Controversies about Land; and are ready, such of admission us as are hear, to Sign a Release for all the Lands in Dispute; and will Endeavour to to persuade the research, rest of our Brethren who are concerned, to Sign the application admission, same. Research On Human Interface. (A. Wallace 249) The Delaware Indians (Lenni Lenape) A People Displaced by Trickery. (42) Removing the Delawares from their prime hunting grounds in Pennsylvania was not the result of the forces of nature, but rather it was through conscious choices, calculated alliances made secretly and under false pretenses, conspiratorial effort, collaboration with witnesses, a deceptive map, and falsified reports. Following the initial contact with white settlers, no event in admission essay, Delaware history is as significant at the Walking Purchase. To understand this resistance, it is bedroom description essay, necessary to admission essay look at the history of these Native Indians.
(43) The Lenni Lenape or Woapanachke (people living toward the rising sun) were called the Delawares by bedroom description, Europeans after the Virginians named Delaware Bay in honor of Governor Sir Thomas West, the third Lord de la Warr. They lived in small groups of about forty people and foraged for food; with the admission essay, exception of corn, they raised very few agricultural foodstuffs, preferring to fish, hunt, and gather in season. Homework Service. This social and economic organization resulted in a smaller population compared to the more sedentary, centralized groups such as the Iroquois. (44) In 1600 their territory extended from the Delaware Bay to application the Blue Mountain and essay from the Atlantic coast to application admission the Delaware-Susquehanna watershed. Their lands included most of the strategy, present state of admission essay Delaware, all of New Jersey south of the Raritan River, and, in Pennsylvania, the Delaware River drainage area south of the Blue Mountain. They were willing to give access, first to the Dutch and referencing paper harvard style Swedes and later to the English, to specified lands in exchange for essay desirable goods (such as cloth, axes, beads), but they never intended to give up these lands. Land transfers were ambiguous; documents marked by the Delawares conveyed to research paper on human all who could read them that they had given up, abandoned, and renounced forever their claim to essay the land. The Delawares neither read the documents nor understood the legal terms if they were interpreted for them, so they had a different view of these transactions. These differences in research paper on human computer interface, perception resulted in tragic miscommunications, e.g., the Walking Purchase. (45) At first contact, the application essay, Delawares recognized the superiority of the white man's tools: axes and hoes, needles and kettles, and, most importantly, firearms.
They soon found themselves dependent on the white man's good for research paper computer interface comfort as well as survival. By 1682 when the first colonists under William Penn's charter reached Pennsylvania, the application admission, Delawares for two generations had been engaged in the most lucrative trade goodsfurs, such as beaver, fox, otter, mink, deer, etc. In order to buy what they needed, the Delawares devoted their best energies to hunting. When their own territory was exhausted, they went farther afield and came into on citizenship conflict with hunters of essay other tribes, e.g., the essay on citizenship, Iroquois. (46) In 1682 the Delawares occupied the southeastern Pennsylvania, but their overlords were the Five Nations, the Iroquois Confederacy, whose homeland was in upstate New York. After the Iroquois defeated the Susquehannocks in western Pennsylvania in application admission essay, 1675, they set their sights on referencing research style, the Delawares' land. As part of the Five Nations, the Iroquois were a more powerful force than the Delawares. To obtain a better share of the fur trade, the Iroquois joined forces with the French against the English. At the Easton Treaty of 1758, the Iroquois joined forces with Pennsylvania to make peace for the Delawares over their heads and brought the Indian war in essay, Pennsylvania to homework an end. Ultimately, the Delawares were removed from their lands. (47) These early inhabitants of Pennsylvania were a people endowed with some of the noblest traits.
There were no feudal laws or privileges for the benefit of the fewall had equal rights to the lands, to the game, and to the fruits of the earth without any restriction or limitation whatsoever. They were astonished at the white settlers' desire for land; for them it had no particular value except as it benefited everyone. Thus Thomas and John Penn found it easy to take advantage of them. Admission Essay. Taking their favorite hunting grounds by the Walking Purchase hoax stirred them to fight with a determined resistance, provoking Governor John Penn to go to war against them. The Delawares who were concerned with the paper on marketing strategy, Walk by which they were so grossly wronged deserve a tribute to application their memory -- Lapowinsa, Nutimas, Sassoonan, Teedyuscung, and Tishcohan. (48) Lappowinzo was the chief orator at referencing style the 1735 Treaty with John and Thomas Penn; he signed the release of Delaware lands stipulated in the forged 1686 agreement. Essay. He voiced his dissatisfaction with the outcome of the Walk and complained that it was not fairly performed. (49) Nutimas raised objections about the increasing encroachments of white settlers at academic homework a meeting with Thomas Penn in 1733 on matters related to land. He became the admission essay, protagonist of the Delawares who opposed acceptance of the academic homework, Walking Purchase confirmation deed. When he learned of the results of the Walk, he attached his name to a complaint in 1740.
As a result, when he and other Delawares went to Philadelphia in 1742 to attend a council with Governor Thomas, Thomas instigated an Iroquois chief to grossly insult the Delawares and ordered them from the lands they occupied. (50) Sassoonan first saw William Penn in May 1683 when Penn negotiated the land purchases made later that year; he signed the 1728 deed that confirmed all of Penn's land purchases. He was unaware that white settlers would eventually force his people from their hunting. Thomas Penn made sure Sassoonan was not present for the signing of the Walking Purchase release. (51) Teedyuscung is application admission, noted for his long and arduous efforts to regain the help academic service, lands belonging to his people; his ordeal ended with his murder in 1763 by land-hungry settlers. His role in the 1762 Walking Purchase case was complicated by the Quaker faction's efforts to use him to create a controversy over the proceedings.
(52) Tishcohan complained to the government in Philadelphia in 1734 and was summoned to a meeting with John and Thomas Penn where he formally lodged a protest with the proprietors, alluding particularly to one white man who had settled north of the Lehigh on the pretense that the Penns had given him permission this they could not allow; they had not sold the land. The Penns evaded the issue by producing the forged 1686 document. Tishcohan signed the application essay, release for the Walking Purchase. White Conspirators Selfish Motives. (53) Colonial mediators engaged in negotiations and dealings with the Delawares bore little resemblance to William Penn's benevolent blueprint.
They never shed prejudices that Europeans brought to America; instead, they embraced the idea that getting along with the academic homework, Indians was only application admission a necessary step on the road to a future when those Indians would follow the forest into referencing research paper style oblivion. No provincial go-between could resist the application admission essay, land fever that afflicted British America, and none could deny the style, temptation to play on the Delewares' trust to acquire more, such as George Crogan (a trader), Conrad Weiser (an interpreter), William Allen (a land speculator), and application essay James Logan (a Pennsylvania official). (54) George Crogan was the essay, most successful of the many traders in Pennsylvania who negotiated with the Delawares for furs. Arriving in America in 1741, he quickly sought and gained the moral and financial support of the wealthy merchants and colonial officials of Philadelphia. Essay. He set up trading houses in Lancaster and into the Ohio Valley with commodities such as rum, guns, gun powder, lead, flints, tomahawks, vermilion, blanketing, linen and calicoes, wampum, lace, thread, ready-made clothing, knives, brass and tin kettles, axes, traps, looking glasses, rings and silver jewelry of all kinds in exchange for skins and furs that he sold to both colonial and British merchants. As early as three years after his arrival, he purchased 1200 acres of land in Harper's Ferry, Pennsylvania; in 1768 he received 100,000 acres in essay writing worksheets, the Fort Stanwyx land lottery. (55) Was his main focus on fair trade with the application essay, Indians?
According to referencing paper style Merrill, to advance his friendship with the Delawares, he learned their language, customs, and traits of character; most importantly, he regarded them as human beings (44-45). But his questionable acquisition of application admission Indian lands and description essay rapid rise to power belie this reading. Application. In 1756 he was appointed Deputy Superintendent for Indian Affairs for the Crown and persuasive essay served at the Easton Council of the Six Nations in 1762 and was instrumental in the settlement of the Delaware dispute about the Walking Purchaseto the application admission essay, detriment of the Delawares. (56) Conrad Weiser's appetite for land was not as acute as was George Crogan's, but he too constantly pressed Indians to surrender more territory. He began his life in Pennsylvania as a squatter in persuasive essay on citizenship, the Delawares' Tulpehocken domain and went on to a career that earned him substantial grants from friendly Indians and admission essay grateful proprietors. His methods of land acquisition included bribery, secret deals, and unleashing squatters on Indian lands. The Delawares regarded him as one of the academic, world's greatest thieves. Admission Essay. In the land rush, he did not envision, did not work toward, did not even want a world in persuasive, which Indians and colonists could co-existquite the contrary; his greatest fear was that the Europeans and Indians would mingle. He served as the interpreter for application admission essay the Delawares at description the Easton Council of the Six Nations in 1762 and collaborated with the proprietaries to essay make sure Teedyuscung, the paper on marketing, Delaware representative, was plied with enough liquor to essay keep him inebriated. (57) William Allen, a wealthy, eminent merchant in Philadelphia, gained favor with the Penn brothers and made use of the power this liaison gave him to on citizenship select and take only those lands that suited him.
He had little regard for Indian rights and claims. In 1727 he purchased thousands of acres of the best land above the Blue Mountains plus one tract of five thousand acres in 1735 at the present Nazareth and three thousand acres in 1736 along the Lehigh River in admission, and around the present Allentown. Description Essay. These tracts were purchased without any right or even the knowledge of the Indians. He carefully omitted the dates on admission essay, which he received these grants when he sold them to purchasers; Thomas Penn certainly was aware of these transactions. Allen was mayor of Philadelphia in 1735, a recorder from writing 1741 to 1750, and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1750 to 1774. (58) James Logan, a shrewd and diplomatic provincial secretary, was the Penn family's executive in application admission essay, the province for much of the paper on human, first half of the eighteenth century. With the authority vested in him, no other single person (including William Penn himself) was more influential in essay, Pennsylvania land policy.
Under his watch, Pennsylvania cleared land lying along the Delaware River northeast of Philadelphia of Delaware Indian claims. He made his fortune in land investments and trade with the Indians. He had a private financial interest in the Durham ironworks and paper on human computer settlement just south of the Lehigh and by 1737 he devised a scheme to take the forest land surrounding the ironworks from the Delawares. He had been the task of application admission forging a permanent alliance between Pennsylvania and the powerful Six Nations, but by alienating the persuasive essay on citizenship, Delawares he was threatening to admission do the province a double disservice. With a falsified map of the 1686 purchase, he persuaded the illiterate Indian owners that the lands around the ironworks were included in the 1686 agreement. (59) The chroniclers of history have portrayed these men as good examples of valorous forefathers in America's pre-Revolutionary War era, but delving deeper into their goals and performances reveals a different scenarionone of writing them regarded the application, Delawares as fellow human beings who rightfully owned the land on which they lived. Treaties and Agreements White vs. Indian View. (60) Merrill notes that for treaties between Indians and proprietaries in academic homework, Pennsylvania, ultimately all paths led to a clearing and all conversations to a councilold and wise People on both sides met in a National way by Treaties.
To forge or refurbish the chain of admission friendship (and when the persuasive essay, chain broke in the 1750s), mere messengers would not suffice. A meeting of the great Delaware sachems and application essay the officials was paramount (253). (61) The Indian treaty was a form of literature with no single author. Referencing Research Harvard Style. The Delawares suggested the application admission, rites and metaphors to be used, but they had to be adapted by the Pennsylvania officials. Essay On Citizenship. Nothing quite like the Indian treaties exists anywhere else in the literature of the world.
The Indian speakers live on in the actual words they spoke, face to admission face with their conquerors. The plain facts as the treaties presented them are alive with poetry no less than truth (Franklin xviii). (62) Benjamin Franklin printed the proceedings of thirteen councils, thus providing a fascinating stage on which the peoples of early America acted out the contest for continent. Essay. However, these minutes present a distorted view; the information on the printed page was the result of decisions by colonists who recorded the essay, words spoken during a session and then altered them for publication. Thus omission, distortions, and interface deletions (some intentional, some not) crept into the published accounts. The written record did not cover an important part of these meetings talks in application admission, the bushes were essential; the Delawares believed in the harmonious feeling nurtured over days or weeks, not on some piece of paper. The colonial record keeper missed much of what happened.
(63) Treaty councils changed over research on human computer interface, the course of the colonial era. Application Admission Essay. Earlier congresses (usually held in worksheets, Philadelphia) were small, drawing two- or three-dozen people, and the recorders barely sketched the negotiations. After 1720 when Pennsylvania's population expanded, assemblies took place in Lancaster or Easton with large numbers of Delawares and scores of colonists. Fuller written accounts of the speeches and application essay rituals of the treaties were more common, but the key issues were the samepeace and persuasive war, trade and land. (64) Surrounded by the powerful French and application English in the early part of the eighteenth century, the Delawares were aware that only by remaining neutral could they survive in description, the face of essay immensely superior numbers and wealth. Therefore, at treaty after treaty, they made concessions only when it was absolutely necessary, looked out for the interests of the Indian trade and exacted or coaxed whatever they could in the way of goods and munitions given as peace-making presents. (65) The negotiators and mediators knew treaty culture bestfrom the council ground at midday to an Indian camp late at night to a governor's chambers at sunriseand their job was to soothe frayed nerves and short tempers to achieve friendship from generation to generation, none of which checked colonial expansion or erased bitter memories of writing past crimes. Councils where colonists acquired land (often by shady means) helped pave the way for European invasion of the interior of Pennsylvania while adding to the bad memories. At the end of the colonial period, the essay, Pennsylvania officials and academic service the Delawares, thoroughly disillusioned by what treaties had wrought, were ready to give up on them.
The very instruments that could have promoted harmony were useful in keeping the Indians in the dark. If the application essay, Pennsylvania proprietaries' defense against charges of land fraud took several hours to deliver in English, the translator gave (in Delaware) only a brief synopsis of the proceedings. (66) By the 1760s, it was clear to both the colonists and the Delawares that treaties could never truly unite the two groups in the face of colonial expansion. After almost a century of treaties between William Penn's province and the Delawares, these gatherings, intended to bring them together, had essentially driven them apart. Understanding had ended in hatred.
After 1750, the Delawares were fully aware that treaties had been the means for colonists to research paper interface acquire Indian landswithout the promised peace. (67) Negotiators George Crogan and Conrad Weiser were less in essay, demand as go-betweens by strategy, the 1770s; both men were disgusted by and disdainful of the Delawares. Even these two men, so skilled at crossing the cultural divide, limited how much they wanted to get along and how close they wished to admission come. Essay. There was a deep divide between colonial and Indian worlds; instead of crossing that fault line, the negotiators personified and perpetuated it. It is no wonder the treaty culture failed. (68) The Walking Purchase fraud of 1737 is one of many attempts to justify the dispossession of indigenous peoples, beginning with the Roman Catholic church documents that sanctioned the Christian Crusades and continuing through Columbus's discovery of the admission essay, New World and research paper strategy the colonial conquests in the New World. (69) Why was this event hidden for many years? The answer is revealing: American historians have attempted to essay keep a low profile on the Walking Purchase because it was one of the most sordid pages in research computer interface, the records of Indian-white settle relationsmore so due to the involvement of the Founder of Pennsylvania's sons. The Delawares complained about the injustice of the Walking Purchase even before the completion of the walk, but they were totally ignored. In 1742 while the admission essay, dispossessed and insulted Delawares sought justice for the loss of their lands, Pennsylvania officials worked to shade, twist, and finally bury the essay worksheets, realities of the Walking Purchase.
In the beginning, it appeared to be only a small affair that lay chiefly between the admission, Proprietaries of Pennsylvania and the Delawares, but in 1762 the incident became public knowledge when the Assembly of Pennsylvania (through their agent, Benjamin Franklin) brought the essay writing worksheets, affair to application the British Crown for investigation. (70) For the homework service, next century, little attention was paid to this event until the Penn papers and memorabilia were given to application essay the Historical Society of Pennsylvania in 1867. William J. Buck, a well known local historian, was given the task of cataloging the referencing, documents; he examined all the old deeds and documents pertaining to the Walking Purchase in great detail. Curious as to why the Penn family papers were so long withheld from the application, public, he noted that the records of Thomas Penn were missing from July 2, 1736 to November1738. Bedroom Description. He believed these papers were intentionally destroyed by the Penn family to conceal the Walking Purchase fraud. (71) Buck examined the so-called Treaty of 1686 and noted that it was a crude forgery. Not only was William Penn's signature unlike Penn's well-known handwriting, but the application admission, terms of the treaty were ambiguous with a blank space to be filled in at a later date. Paper On Human Interface. Thomas Penn acknowledged that the admission, 1686 Deed was a copy, but the original has never been found, nor was it ever recorded. (72) The consensus of historians through the first two centuries after the Walking Purchase occurred has been that the research on marketing, Delawares were passive victims, but more recent accounts show that they were active participants who influenced, shaped, and forged their destinies. Indeed they were conscious of the Walking Purchase fraud and complained about it from their first knowledge of it. Their vicious attacks on application admission, the Pennsylvania frontier beginning in persuasive on citizenship, 1756 are the direct result of those unresolved complaints.
Buck, William J. History of the Indian Walk . Printed for the Author, 1886. Cribbs, George Arthur. The Frontier Policy of Pennsylvania . Pittsburgh, PA, 1919. Harper, Steven Craig. Promised Land: The Holy Experiment and the Walking Purchase. Ph.D.
Dissertation. Lehigh University, 2001. Indian Treaties Printed by Benjamin Franklin: 1736-1762 . Philadelphia: Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1938. Jennings, Francis. The Scandalous Indian Policy of William Penn's Sons: Deeds and Documents of the Walking Purchase. Pennsylvania History 37 (1970): 19-39. Merrell, James H. Into the American Woods: Negotiators on the Pennsylvania Frontier . Essay. New York: W.W.
Norton Co., 1999. Soderlund, Jean R., ed. William Penn and the Founding of Pennsylvania 1680-1684 . Research. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1983. Thompson, Ray. The Walking Purchase Hoax of 1737 . Fort Washington: Bicentennial Press, 1973. Wallace, Anthony F.C. King of the Delawares: Teedyuscung 1700-1763 . New York: Syracuse UP, 1990.
Wallace, Paul A. Admission. Indians in Pennsylvania . Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1991.